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Infant Motor Developm

Infant Motor Development

I.  First Month

A.    can already raise its head for a moment


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     twists its head from side to side when lying on rear

C.     hands remain gritted

D.    has already a sturdy clutch reflex

E.     stares and goes after object moving ahead of him/her (range of 45 degrees)

F.      performs husky sounds

G.    gazes closely at parents when they speak to him/her

II.                Second Month

A.    raises its head about 45 degrees when resting on stomach

B.     head nods forward when grasp in sitting position

C.     clutch reflex declines

D.    goes after hanging objects with eyes

E.     makes smiles

III.             Third Month

A.    begins to stand partial load on both legs when clutched in a standing position

B.     able to grasp head up when sitting but still nods frontward

C.     can lift head and shoulders when resting on stomach (amid 45 and 90 degrees)

D.    stands load on forearms

E.     grasps objects but does not get in touch with them

F.      grasps own hands and drags at bedspreads and clothes

G.    goes after object (180 degrees)

H.    makes more sounds

I.       smiles when sees recognizable features.

IV. Fourth Month

A.    has already a fine head control

B.     sits with help

C.     stands some load on legs when clutched erect

D.    lifts head and chest off plane (90 degree angle)

E.     turns from back to side

F.      discovers and plays with hands

G.    attempts to get in touch with but misses

H.    clutches objects with two hands

V.  Fifth Month

A.   sign of teething starts

B.   grasps head up when sitting

C.   turns from abdomen to rear

D.   places feet to mouth when resting on rear

E.    freely holds objects and gets objects openly to mouth

VI. Sixth Month

A.    starts to masticate and nibble

B.     raises head when dragged to a sitting position

C.     turns form rear to abdomen

D.    holds and manages small objects

E.     clutches bottle

F.      seizes feet and drags to mouth

G.    bends body to make out an object

H.    twists head from side to side and then stares up or down

VII. Seventh Month

A.  learns to sit without help (may bend forwards on two hands)

B.  stands full load on feet

C.  springs when grasped in standing position

D.   shifts objects from one hand to another

E.   hits objects on planes

F.    and able to grip on small objects

VIII.    Eight Month

A.   sits fine without help

B.    stands load on legs and may rest holding on to fixtures

C.    lifts out up objects by index, fourth, and fifth finger alongside thumb

D.    able to discharge objects

E.    drags cords to get objects

F.     seeks for objects that are far

IX.   Ninth Month

A.    starts swarming

B.     drags up to standing position from sitting

C.    sits for extended time (at most 10 minutes)

D.   employs thumb and index finger to lift up objects

E.    places arms ahead of face to shun having it washed

X.   Tenth Month

A.   goes from abdomen to sitting position

B.   sits by rundown

C.  recuperates balance effortlessly while sitting

D.   raises one foot to make a step while standing

E.    wields bye

F.    recurs actions that draw attention

XI.   Eleventh Month

A.    learns to stroll gripping on to fixtures or other objects

B.     puts one object following another into a pot

C.     returns back to lift up an object while sitting

D.    able to control objects out of stretched fitting places

E.     turns a ball when requested, and quakes head for rebuff

XII.  Twelfth Month

A.    strolls with one hand grasp

B.     bears and tries first steps unaided

C.     rests from standing position alone

D.    tries to construct two chunk towers but may fall short

E.     goes after fast moving objects

F.      grips to parents in odd circumstances

G.    seeks object where it was previously seen


Piek, J. P. (2006). Infant Motor Development. Human Kinetics Publishers.

Gallahue, D. L. (2006). Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents,       Adults. McGraw-Hill Companies.

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