Last Updated 20 Apr 2022

Commentary About the Love and Redemption in the Tale of Two Cities

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Many people were extremely poor and miserable. The crops in the fields were poor as if even the land shared the misery of the people. And there were so heavy taxes that all the villagers had nothing to hand over at last. On the other hand, the aristocracy made their will as the law by using money and gold. There was no justice, no equality, and no fairness. Just as what happened to Dr. Manette, he wrote to the Minister to show the crime what Marquis Evremonde had done, resulting in him being arrested and sent to the prison Bastille without any reason. Then this situation of darkness was needed to be changed. As people such as the Defarges prepared and arranged, at length the Revolution came to break out. When the Bastille was captured and the King was tried and put to death as well as many other aristocrats, things didn't go on as what they had been expected. The situation stayed the same or even worse. The prisoners from the Bastille were set free while more prisons were filled with people who had done no wrong again. People who once lived on the bottom of the class took the charge now and their heart had been full of evil. The only thing they wanted to do was to revenge. And these so-called "patriots" would like to see more and more innocent prisoners going to the guillotine and that's their joy. As the novel wrote, “ In everything they did was merciless, for they had been hardened in the fires of suffering and the touch of pity could make no mark on them”.

Introduction of the Main Characters 

Dr. Manatte He was an old doctor from France. Under the tyrannical and unjustifiable judgment, together with the aristocratic persecution, Dr. Manatte spent eighteen years hard time in the Bastille—— a horrible prison, and nearly became crippled. After releasing from the Bastille, he regained his health under the good care by his daughter, Lucie. Since then, Dr. Manatte had led a peaceful life. Lucie Manette She was Dr. Manatte’s daughter, a beautiful and smart girl. Although without father’s care since her childhood, Lucie was well raised under the guardianship of her father’s friend Lorry. When her father was released from prison, the eighteen-years-old beauty took good care of her father. She fell in love with the nobleman, Darnay, and got married to him. Unfortunately, Darnay was arrested during the French Revolution. Even though Lucie used trial and error, the situation was still awkward and failed. Sydney Carton was a young English lawyer who was full of passion and wisdom. One day, he met the nobleman Darnay when he was dealing with some cases in the court. Coincidently, Darnay looked like him. Carton also loved Lucie deeply, but he could not marry her. Finally, he showed his selfless spirit and substituted for Darnay going to the guillotine. Charles Darnay He was born into a noble family in France. However, Charles Darnay gave up his marquis status as well as the right of inheritance, earning the living by himself in England. The loyal and hard-working man was arrested when he was rescuing his old servant during the French Revolution. Madame Defarge She was the landlady of a grogshop in the slum in Paris. But she has an explosive personality. Her husband, Defarge, and she launched the revolution. As one of the leaders in the women team, she was active to guide others to resist unfairness. Unfortunately, Madame Defarge has killed herself during the fight with the maidservant of Manette. Marquis St. Evremonde He was the uncle of Carton. The tyrannical man Marquis St.

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Evremonde murdered innocent people, did anything he wanted to threaten people for his happiness. The bad man was killed by the revolutionary during the turmoil. The Love and the Redemption among the Ideal Characters 1. The memory of Dr. Manette Prisoned in the Bastille for almost eighteen years, Dr. Manette seemed to forget his name and all the things around him. He made the shoes all day and all night. Although he became better under the care of his daughter, he said no words about life in the Bastille at any time. When Darnay confessed to him about his real name, Dr. Manette might think about something — the French aristocracy, the painful past time. He just relied on the shoes to keep him from the indignity and the sorrow or escaped the memory. However, for love, the love in his daughter, the love among the whole family, Dr. Manette could choose to come back to France and face all the past that he was eager to forget. He told Darnay, his son-in-law, to guarantee not to tell anybody about his noble status. Because he believed that the tyrannical behavior had no connection with the young generation of the Charles family. To save Charles Darnay, Dr. Manette tried all he could. He did not care about the feel of the gratitude or resentment; what he wished was to own a reunited and safe family. The love made him put the hostility down, and the escape from the old memory let him reserve the horrible truth in his own heart. It was the redemption of him, as well as the love for the hope that established the credible bridge. The author Charles Dickens expressed the sense of responsibility into the plots of Dr. Manette. Dickens advocated the peaceful amelioration, hoping that the moral standards and regulations could rescue society.

Get out of the Aristocratic Ring

Charles Darney was another character who attempted to escape the old convention for love and redemption. The noble blood did not make him feel a sense of dignity; instead, he was dissatisfied or even resentful about his evil family. There were no influences in his actions, what he did was acting as the normal man who could fight with the unfair classic exploitation. Even though at the time when he was born, he was destined to be a noble aristocracy, he was not ready to continue the violence that nobleman used to do. In the novel, Darney was brave enough that he detests and condemned the offense of his father and uncle. He once said, “We did run amuck at society”. “Even at my father’s time, we’ve committed lots of crimes, which disturbed and harmed everyone who wanted to own a happy life”. The resistance of Darney did not only rests on the verbal condemn, he also did it in actions that he expected to redeem the guilty of his family. For instance, Darney gave up his property and his title, living as an incognito teacher in England. Obviously, in his heart, the value of a person could not be measured by money, status, or power. It was undoubtedly to be the bourgeois humanism. Charles Darney’s love was so deep that he put down his entire aristocratic stand, taking care of Lucie and Dr. Manatte. No matter how the miserable result of him was, he did successfully jump out of the aristocratic ring, which had been the constraint of his family for a long time. The Sacrifice of love In this novel, the author Dickens did not use outstanding descriptions to lead to the appearance of Sydney Carton. “With his hands in his pockets, staring at the ceiling of the court”; “Carton was rumored to be seen at broad day, going home stealthily and unsteadily to his lodgings, like a dissipated cat”.

The first impression of him was not so deep. However, the man who seemed unruly had a kind and exquisite mind. It was he, who first found Lucie falling in a faint; it was also he, who passed the thankfulness to Darney. The miserable man Carton also loved Lucie, but he had never revealed the emotion to anybody. Even though he believed that he would be refused if he confessed the love to Lucie, he thought that if he would be happy to pay a visit to Lucie occasionally and to see Lucie’s happiness that was enough. Carton said to Lucie, “For you and for any dear to you, I would do anything. If my career were of that better kind that there was any opportunity or capacity of any sacrifice in it, I would embrace any sacrifice for you and for those dear to you. ” It was so touching and selfless. The love that tolerates anything was the warmest light. After the rescue of Darney failed, Carton scheduled all things calmly: looked after Lucie all the time, stranded on the street which Lucie stranded heaps of times, till he went to the guillotine taking place of Darney. Carton was the materialization of the honorable English spirit that the writer Dickens was always pursuing.

Although Carton was not a popular and social man, his sentiment was profound. Perhaps he was self-abased, or maybe he was redeeming for his common life which was asocial and gloomy. The love was powerful, just like the words said, “What I am doing now is better than anything I’ve ever done, where I am going to rest, is much better than anywhere I’ve rest”. The Spiritual Bailment in These Idealists Dr. Manatte, Lucie, Sydney Carton, and Charles Darney are the materialization of the author’s beautiful perspective. There is the humanistic light in these people, that is, the sense of justice, the spirit of devotion as well as the standards of behavior. “If ever there were Fraternity in the world, Mr. Sydney Carton owns it, Dr. Manette owns it, and Mr. Charles Darnay, Mrs. Lucie Darnay, Mr. Lorry, Miss Pross, and Mr. Cruncher all own it. Because they all have unselfishly fraternized with others, others from the people the barely know to the people who were their love enemies or whose fathers and uncles would have oppressed and imprisoned them. ” The Love and the Redemption among the Revolutionary and Federal Aristocracy 1.

Tragedy of Love and Redemption The representatives of the revolution are Defarge and his wife Madame Defarge. Undoubtedly, Madame Defarge was also the miserable image constructed in this novel. She lost her family members at an early time; therefore the love in her heart was completely covered by the so-called Gothic gloomy. The only way for her to redeem was to struggle to change the awkward situation. After the revolution was breaking out, Madame Defarge almost lost her reason in the blood and fire. The frequent behavior of Madame Defarge was to keep recording the aristocratic atrocity in the pattern of her scarf. As the leader of the women team, Madame Defarge was always on her way to fight, accompanied with her pistol. Her psychology became more and more extreme, even her husband Defarge was made to be one of her murderous tools. At last, Madame Defarge died in her gun which went off the fire. It was really a woeful result. Nevertheless, the most distressing thing was not the result; it was the fate of her. Madame Defarge stood for all the suffering and poor people at that time, she used her love and redemption to the wrong place. It was not her fault, of course. The whole world of poor people at that time was hurt; she was the symbol of all the misery.

In The Tale of Two Cities, the part portraying Madame Defarge was credible, which showed her distinguished wisdom and courage vividly. When writing the Defarge Family, the author was clear and sensible. For one thing, he was sympathetic about the encounter of the Defarge Family; for another thing, he denied the terror brought by the revolutionary rage. The Deserved Punishment of the Federal Aristocrac Another image modeled in this novel was the brothers of Marquis St. Evremonde. They are the representative of the French aristocracy. They killed the poor farmers without any explanation or apology. The so-called love and redemption in their minds had changed into the shameless atrocity. It was also the mentality of most of the aristocracy in the eighteenth century. The author’s purpose in creating the brothers of Marquis St. Evremonde was not only to reflect the detest about their behavior. In one letter of the author, Dickens said, “I believe, the dissatisfied emotion like the smoking was much worse than burring. Especially like the common emotions before the first French revolution, it was dangerous. Due to several reasons — the bad harvest, the arbitrary government, the overseas failure, and so on. All things lead to the significant catastrophe that had never seen before”. Thus it can be seen in these words that Dickens built the images of the brothers of Marquis St. Evremonde aimed at the insinuating the capitalist class during the French Revolution. He would like to warn the disputatious bourgeoisie that if they continue persecuting poor people and never stop reflecting themselves, the fate of the brothers of Marquis St. Evremonde would be their model. The Ruin in the Chaos As the rationality and the advance of the bottom citizens, Madame Defarge’s struggle had the positive side that deserved to be sympathized and confirmed.

The “born in dignity” people got used to not regard poor people as real human beings. They were praising the elegant culture while at the same time tolerating these poor people for fun. This made people like the Defarge and Madame Defarge turn the sorrow into anger, into the dead spot. As the result, the helpless people chose to fight otherwise they would wait to die. The burring revolutionary fire was destined to swallow the corrupted society. Yet when we cheer for the standing people, we can not neglect those who were innocent but were affirmed to be guilty. Their frightened and hopeless eyesight made us raise some questions: Why the new world can only be built in a pile of carcasses? Is there any sensitive status in the passion of the revolution? The novel revealed the pity truth that pushes us to rethink. That is, at the same time that ruining the old and conventional standards, we should know clearly how can we construct the new world. Otherwise, human beings will fall into the same or similar outcome in this novel. The Love and the Redemption between the Two Cities. The Complicated World. As is known to all, the novel began with a paradoxical paragraph: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way--in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only. ” Theoretically, this paragraph seemed too difficult to explain. In reality, it was the true reflection of our life, which was filled with unexpected events. The author just told us the truth about the deduction of history and society. That was, the love was not always as romantic as people imagined, and a good beginning might not always bring a wonderful ending.

To some extent, the characters in this novel had struggled against their fates again and again, even though the fates did not bring the best results that they had expected. For instance, Dr. Manatte had undergone the severe circumstance of jail for eighteen years and had been waiting for so long to accusing the crimes of the aristocracy. However, in order to protect his son-in-law, Darney, he chose to keep silent about all he had experienced. As for Lucie, she tried her best to save her husband, even though the final judgment could not be changed. And as for Carton, he sacrificed his life for saving Darney, just because of his deep love in Lucie. But he did not ask for any return, even though he knew exactly that Lucie loved Darney instead of him. Moreover, the Defarge was eager to obtain a peaceful life, so they kept fighting for the freedom of all the suffering citizens, even though the outcome was distorted and miserable. What made these characters so brave to pursue their purposes? It was probably that the firm belief in each of their minds. The love and redemption among most of the people, which was like the driving force, motivated them to struggle for what they expected. The author did not show the perfect outcome of them, because he would like to tell us that everything in the world is complicated and the result is often beyond expectation. In addition, the author Dickens also told us that since we could not change the complicated world, the most essential thing is to stick to our own belief struggling for the bright future, no matter what the result would be like. Deep Reasons behind the Crazy Revolutionary Wave There is a famous experience in psychology. In order to test citizens’ submission to the authority or the professors, the investigators invited some respondents without telling them the purpose of the experiment. They only told the respondents that they were testing the effects of punishment in the study. The respondents were made to be teachers to teach students how to remember words. The teachers could use electric shock to punish students who forgot in the exams.

When the fake students failed in the exams, these teachers who were acted by the respondents increased the voltage as what professors said(of course not through the electric current). The students screamed and hoped to stop doing like this. At that time, the teachers turned to the professors to ask whether to continue or not. Obtaining permission from the professors to continue doing so, the teachers increased the voltage to the maximum without hesitation. This is a real experience conducted during the Second World War. To some extent, it can explain why virtuous citizens did so much violence during the war. The explanation also works on the novel, justifying the main reason for the revolutionary’s abnormal behaviors. When writing about the French Revolution, the author Dickens mentioned, “all people seemed to get the fever”. The kind-hearted people were taken advantage of by the so-called leaders or “professors”, losing themselves in the crazy revolutionary wave. The only interest of these poor people was to enjoy the delight brought by the massacre. They thought naively that the violence could save themselves from the repression by the aristocracy, without any time and courage to exam their own conscience. Nevertheless, what they acquired was really the “happy life”? I remember Russell once said, “The nature of the happiness is variety”. That is sound. In The Tale of Two Cities, the citizens between the two cities used various means to realize the redemption and look for true love. But the purpose underlying these actions was almost the same — that is, to spread happiness to more people.


The structure of this novel is well-organized. Different characters represented different images in the big picture of the French Revolution. Adding the personal emotions and thoughts into this novel, the author Charles Dickens expressed the profound meaning for later generations. For one thing, though he criticized the offense of oppressors, he still held the prospects of all people. Even though the brothers of Marquis St. Evremonde were inhumane, their nephew —Charles Darney was totally different from them. To some extent, goodness was regarded as a sacred spirit, which might sweep the evil away. For another thing, the so-called “mobs” were attributed to certain social conditions, but the author Dickens endowed the Defarge couples with honesty and enthusiasm. Dickens believed that the future would be bright, no matter how difficult it was at the moment. Love is one factor underlying this novel, reflecting the prospect of abandoning the sanguinary chaos. Redemption is another factor penetrating the whole plot, connecting kind people perusing justice with vicious people ruining themselves. To sum up, what is the most significant splendor?

Commentary About the Love and Redemption in the Tale of Two Cities essay

Related Questions

on Commentary About the Love and Redemption in the Tale of Two Cities

What is the theme of a tale of two cities?

LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in A Tale of Two Cities, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Closely connected to the theme of sacrifice is the promise of resurrection. Christianity teaches that Christ was resurrected into eternal life for making the ultimate sacrifice (his death) for mankind.

Is Love greater than hate in tale of two cities?

Love is Greater than Hate (Tale of Two Cities) In Charles Dickens’ novel, A Tale of Two Cities, he illustrates the constant battle between love and hate. This battle is never-ending, but in the novel, I believe that love won, and that love is greater than hate.

What is Carton's prayer at the end of a tale of two cities?

Near the end of A Tale of Two Cities, Carton remembers a Christian prayer: "I am the resurrection and the life."

How did the love of Lucie help him overcome his hatred?

The love that Lucie was able to give him, gave him the strength he needed to overcome the hatred that held him prisoner inside the Bastille for so long. Order custom essay Love is Greater than Hate (Tale of Two Cities) with free plagiarism report But even then, there were times when he relapsed into his old habits from prison.

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