Last Updated 21 Apr 2020

The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory

Essay type Research
Words 341 (1 page)
Views 170

The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT) was conceived and developed during a time when Nursing lacked definition and identity within the medical community. This theory, not only, helped to move nursing from vocation to profession, it “is one of the most commonly used in practice” (Alligood, 2010, p 261). The SCDNT has “four structured cognitive operations: diagnostic, prescriptive, regulatory, and control” (Alligood, 2010, p 266). In the simplest terms this theory states that a nurse should establish the nurse-client relationship, determining what the client’s self-care requisites are (Diagnostic Operations).

Then determine, based on the clients personal characteristics which self-care deficits exist (Prescriptive Operations). With the self-care deficits established, both the client’s, client’s caretaker’s, and nurse’s roles can be established. Develop the plan for self-care, designing learning into the system (Regulatory Operations). As the plan is executed, continuing evaluation is required to make any changes so the client’s self-care is at its optimum (Control Operations).

The nurse is not limited to executing these operations in this order. Their sequence is interchangeable as the evaluations may dictate (Alligood, 2010). The SCDNT was developed by Dr. Dorothea Orem. Dr. Orem was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1914 and lived 93 years, until her death in Savannah, Georgia on June 22, 2007 (DeLorme, 2007, para 1 &2). In 1934, “Orem arrived on the [Nursing] scene when the image of nurses still lacked major definition” (DeLorme, 2007, para 2), and this continued for decades.

Order custom essay The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory with free plagiarism report


According to Sarah E. Allison in an article she co-authored in Nursing Science Quarterly, “From the late 1950s to the 1970s, Orem was deeply concerned that nursing had no clear sense of direction in terms of purpose or focus – no clear concept about its domain of practice” (Clarke, 2009, para 4). Orem’s career began as an operating room nurse; a tested time she refers to as “a post-graduate course in operating room” (DeLorme, 2007, para 3). It is this time that Dr. Orem states that allowed her “’to see the whole picture’ in terms of organization and administration in the nursing field” (DeLorme, 2007, para 3).

This essay was written by a fellow student. You can use it as an example when writing your own essay or use it as a source, but you need cite it.

Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses

Starting from 3 hours delivery 450+ experts on 30 subjects
get essay help 124  experts online

Did you know that we have over 70,000 essays on 3,000 topics in our database?

Cite this page

Explore how the human body functions as one unit in harmony in order to life

The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. (2017, Mar 17). Retrieved from

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Save time and let our verified experts help you.

Hire writer