WORLD HISTORY

The sounding of two or more musical notes at the same time in a way that is pleasant or desired is called
hamony
What musical instruments characterize the impressionist movement?
woodwinds
strings
harp
What composer became an American citizen in 1940?
Igor stravinsky
A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, that is marked by a distinctive style, form, or content is called _____.
a genre
The “twelve-tone” technique _____.
ensures that the 12 notes are given equal importance
is characterized by the workds of arnold shoenberg
is part of expressionism music
What style of music created a dissonant sound using uncommon scales?
impressionism
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Romantic composers _____.
were unhappy about the world, time, and place in which they lived
resisted following social values
Who pioneered classical ragtime music?
scott jolin
Syncopation _____.
is characteristic of classical ragtime musicis the technique of placing the accent on a normally weak beat
Ragtime, blues, and jazz were popular in Europe at the beginning of the eighteenth century.
false
GLOBAL TRENDS TO WORLD WAR II
Which of the following contributed to an increase in world population in the twentieth century?
all but disease
What country put millions of dollars into the economy through the governmental programs of the New Deal?
the united states
What is a tariff?
a tax on imported goods
From this lesson, which of the following were consequences of rapid population growth in the twentieth centur
all but warfare
What fueled economic growth but also enflamed old rivalries and contributed to two major wars in the twentieth century?
rearmament
Farmers and artisans from _____ found it increasingly hard to compete with the highly industrialized countries
the ottoman empire
Which of the following characterize the time period from 1900 to 1945?
trade policies changed
economic depression
The world population decreased from approximately 2.5 to 1.8 billion between 1913 and 1950.
false
What country had to pay reparations following World War I
Germany
POLITICAL EFFECTS OF WORLD WAR II
World history is the story of human choices that link the to the and influence the
1.Past
2.present
3.future
The United Nations replaced the _____.
league of nations
bipolar – a world with two superpowers
bloc – a united group of countries with common interests, goals, or aims.
multipolar – a world with many great opwers
reparation – compensation demanded by the victor over its beaten foe
After World War II, Germany was divided into four parts controlled by:
all but poland and spain
What are three countries that became communist following World War II?
hungary, bulgaria, poland
Who controlled South Korea following World War II?
the united nations
The leader of the Communist Party in China following World War II was _____.
mao zedong
World War II caused the end to European imperialism.
true
POSTWAR RECONSTRUCTION
Three of the things the Marshall Plan was designed to do were:
rebuild the European industrial complexstem the tied of communism in the regionrelieve food shortages
The first two nations to receive aid from the Marshall Plan were _____.
greece and turkey
world leaders followed the same pattern for reconstruction after world war II as they did following the firsst world war
false
The Doctrine’s sole aim to stop the spread of communism anywhere in the worl
truman
The United States was placed in control of Korea and the Soviet Union was placed in control of .
South then north
The rewritten Japanese constitution guaranteed _____.
personal freedom and voting rights for women
How much money did the Marshall Plan end up giving to Europe?
12 billion
Japan has become one of the world’s most nations since World War II.
industrialized
THE UNITED NATIONS
*****************
The Security Council is made up of permanent members and temporary members.
5, 10
The two main jobs of the United Nations are:
keeping the man rightspeace and protecting hu
Which language is not one of the official United Nations languages?
german
Everyone in the Security Council has veto power.
false
The original United Nations charter was signed by countries.
50
What are three goals of the United Nations?
to promote human rights
to increase the standard of living for all people
to provide basis for international law
What event spurred world leaders to begin the United Nations?
world War II
THE COLD WAR
**************
The United States invaded this Caribbean Island in 1983 to stop Communist intrusions there.
grenada
What world leader gave the famous speech about the Iron Curtain?
Winston Churchill
The United Kingdom, France, and Israel fought against over rights to the Suez Canal.
Egypt
Greece and Turkey were the first two nations to receive aid under the Plan.
truman
john kennedy – us
nikita k – soviet union
winston churchill – United kingdom
fidel castro – cuba
match the leader
In what year did the infamous Bay of Pigs incident occur?
1962
NATIONALISM AND ASIA
*************
Nationalism is the love and devotion toward a _____.
country
All the knowledge and values shared by a society is called culture.
true
Nationalism can take on four forms. They are _____.
political
racial
cultural
religious
India was partitioned to create Pakistan due to this form of nationalism.
religious
This nation fought against the Dutch to gain its independence.
indonesia
had to fight two wars against the French and Americans to gain their independence.
vietnam
The Khmer Rouge was a government that killed millions of people in _____.
cambodia
A twentieth-century example of ethnic nationalism is _____.
nazi germany
INDIAN INDEPENDANCE
****************
The British colonization of India took place at the end of this empire.
mughal
Boycott – Refuse
Partition – to divide
Sedition – acts of
Sepoys – indians
match
This kicked off the beginning of the Indian independence movement.
indian rebellion of 1857
The Rowlatt Act of 1919 was very unpopular with the Indian people because it _____.
controlled
arrested people who might have committed treason
imprisoned political activists
Mohandas Gandhi advocated disobedience.
civil
The Indian subcontinent was partitioned into _____.
india and pakistan
Place the events of India’s fight for independence in the order they occured
took a picteur
The Indian National Army fought against the in World War II.
British
THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA AND INDEPENDENCE
***********
The “Scramble for Africa” really began due to European _____.
political control
Which of the following was not a condition of the Berlin Conference?
slave trade would continue to be allowed
Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two African nations that avoided European imperialism during the “Scramble for Africa”.
true
One of the major problems in Africa today involving war, famine, and disease is in the nation of _____.
sudan
exploit – to selfishly
imperialism – policy extending
indigenous – people extending
investment – put money
match the vocabulary
NATIONALISM IN EASTERN EUROPE
***********************
Much of Eastern European history involved what two tribes?
Slavic and germanic
Bosnia – muslim
croatia – catholic
serbia – orthodox
match
The migrations from Asia caused a significant mingling of _____.
religions and cultures
bloc – a united
capitalism – an economic
communism – a classless
republic – a form
match
The main form of government now practiced by the former Soviet republics is _____.
parliamentary democracy
Which of the states below is not a former Soviet republic?
macedonia
Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia were once part of
yugoslavia
The two opposing ideologies that waged the Cold War and created two major political boundaries were _____.
communism and democracy
CHANGES IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY
***************
Which of the following is not a characteristic of fundamentalism?
different beliefs accepted
Religious militancy is restricted to _____.
all beliefs
Gender equality is not an issue in the world today.
false
What is not a characteristic of ethnicity?
politics
diversity – variety in a group
feminism – a movement dedicated
fundamentalism – a religious movement
heritage – a person or country’s past
patriarchal – a culture or society
match
GLOBAL ECONOMICS
********************
A economic system can be characterized by some government involvement and private ownership of most business.
mixed
OPEC stands for _____.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
The Oil Embargo of forced the United States to ration gasoline for a time.
1973
Market, planned, and mixed are three kinds of systems.
economic
capital – money that is used
embargo – the act of refusing
globalization – the process of conduction
investment – to put money into a bank
socialism – an economic system where all business
match
A economic system is characterized by much government involvement, lack of private ownership, and elimination of economic classes.
planned
When one nation hires people from another country to do certain kinds of work it is called _____.
outsourcing
Fortunately, oil prices are rarely affected by global events.
false
REVIEW *****(informatuon and technological revolution below)
*******************
The four major goals of the United Nations are
to prevent wars
to promote human rights
to increase the standard of living for all people
to provide international law
The name of the plan for reconstructing Europe following World War II was the _____.
Marshall Plan
In this unit, the term bipolar refers to a world that has superpowers
two
Place these Cold War events in the order they occurred.
Berlin blockade
Cuban Missile Crisis
Vietnam War
SALT I talks
Afghanistan War
Which issue was not addressed at the 1994 Cairo Conference?
mens social inequality
The satellite nations of the Soviet Union were called the:
Eastern Bloc
Match vocab
took a picture.
What are four forms of nationalism?
cultural
ethnic
religious
political
INFORMATION AND TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION
**********
The 1994 Cairo Conference addressed the main issue of _____.
overpopulation
Which of the following was not a topic of the Cairo Conference?
enslaving ethnic fgroups
match vocab
gender: the sex of a person
pandemic: a large scale spread
technology: the development and use of machines
Which of the following was not one of the ultimate goals of the Cairo Conference?
reduce male responsibility
Which of the following are overpopulation issues?
possible global warming caused by pllution
spread of disease causing pandemics
Today, there are about how many people living on the earth?
6.6 billion
About how many babies are born per 1,000 people on the earth during each year?
20
FOUR TURNING POINTS *******
*******************
There were widespread agrarian societies during the era.
neolithic
What are three characteristics of the Agricultural Revolution?
New tools made it possible for more crops to be grown.
Larger cities became a reality
farmers learned to control water through wells and canals.
Match.
Fox Talbot – photographs
isaac singer – sewing machine
etienne lenoir – gasoline engine
alfred nobel – dynamite
wilhelm roentgen – x rays
In what areas did major changes take place during the Industrial Revolution?
mining
manufactoring
textiles
The Industrial Revolution saw many people moving from urban to rural settings.
false
match
etymology is the study of the origins of words
mesolithic is the middle stone age period
neolithic is the new stone age period
paleolithic is the old stone age period
rural is the area outside cities or the country
urban is the area that makes up a city.
Hierarchical societies became more organized during the era.
neolithic
A characteristic of this era was the introduction of pottery.
mesolithic
Which of the following could affect the human population?
A deadly virus emerges that can pass from human to human.
A civil war breaks out in Italy.
Today, the majority of the world’s population lives in Europe.
false
If most of the population growth in the future is expected to take place in developing countries, predict what effects this will likely have.
people in these countries will live in poverty and there will be an increase in demand for access to basic goods and services
In what way has the Chinese government sought to limit the country’s population growth?
by encouraging families to have one child each
Today, the world’s population is decreasing.
false
The age of a country’s population can affect its _____.
economy
From this lesson, in what ways have some nations tried to educate their populations regarding the number of children that couples have?
by producing posters and creating television ads
In 2004, a tsunami affected the population of _____.
asia
PANDEMICS OF THE WORLD***
************
Scientists have not been able to eliminate the threat of future pandemics.
true
A group of volunteers in San Francisco began making a quilt in 1987 to honor their friends and family members who had died of _____.
AIDS
Where have the highest number of HIV infections been reported?
Sub-Saharan Africa
The 1918 outbreak of the Spanish flu was the most destructive malaria epidemic in history.
false
What is likely to happen to a country’s economy if its population is affected by a disease pandemic
economic productivity would decline
Why did the 1918 outbreak of the Spanish flu cause so many deaths?
The influenza virus was a strain to which people had no immunity.
HIV is the virus that causes .
AIDS
What is the most deadly viral disease that scientists know of?
Ebola
An account of the first recorded pandemic in human history was written by _____.
Thucydides
Experts predict that a future disease outbreak will spread because much of the world’s population lives in crowded urban areas.
rapidly
EUROPEAN DOMINANCE
*******
Which is not characteristic of the military and fiscal revolution?
Countries used unfavorable trade treaties.
Which statement best defines an entrepreneur?
Businessperson increases industrial production during the Industrial Revolution.
Which term best describes a country formed on a shared culture, history, and language?
nationalism
Which event opened Asian countries to trade with Europe?
opium wars
Ethnic and cultural divisions between peoples were used by colonial powers to maintain control of their colonies.
true
Which of the following factors is not responsible for European dominance in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?
shift of military power away from European countries
POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS
**********
Who is a Nicaraguan national hero?
augusto cesar sandino
By invoking the image of past national heroes, revolutionaries can_____.
gain support for their movement
Nationalism rejects _____.
foreign influences
The 1917 Russian Revolution was influenced by the ideas of Adam Smith.
false
What was an immediate cause of the 1789 French Revolution?
a financial crsis
A system of ideas is called _____.
an ideology
What form of government did the 1910 Chinese Revolution establish?
a republic
In Chile, who initiated the “revolution from above?”
Salvador Allende
The 1979 Iranian Revolution established _____.
an Islamic Repbulic
What was the immediate cause of the Springtime of the Peoples?
a revolution in france
NATION STATES
**********
The three forms of nationalism mentioned in this lesson are _____.
ethnic political and religious
Currently, there are sovereign countries in the United Nations.
192
Two factors that make it difficult for people to retain a sense of nationalism are _____.
globalization and immigration
existence as an independent nation or government – autonomy

a group of people united by a common language – nation

ultimate authority over a state or independent state – sovereignty

Many African nation-states were once colonies.
true
The development of nation-states began _____.
in recent times
What are three reasons for mass immigration today?
famine civil wars and disease
COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
*****************
What best defines an economic system?
process by which people choose how to use limited resources in order to meet their needs
What is the goal of a command economic system?
to make society more equal
What is another term for a market economic system?
capitalism
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the new traditional economic system?
The government will control the means of production.
Central planning committees fix production quotas in the free enterprise system.
false
match..
free enterprise system – factors of production
mixed economy – private ownership of capital
the former soviet union – command economy
land and capital – private and state ownership of business
THE HISTORY OF CAPITALISM
*********
How did the United States stop the spread of Communism in Europe following World War II?
by rebuilding the European economy through the Marshall Plan
is characterized by the unregulated exchange of services and goods.
free market
The economic system that came out on top at the end of the Cold War was _____.
capitalism
Mercantilism was based on a nation’s power and wealth, which was enabled by _____.
the amount of precious metals that oculd be had
According to the lesson, the economic doctrine that opposes government regulation of the economy is called _____.
laissez-faire
Communism allows for significantly more individual freedom than its rival economic system, capitalism.
false
Match the following items.
a person who studies the field of economics – economist

an eighteenth century french economist – physiocrat

an economic doctrine that opposes government interference in economic activities – laissez-faire

an economic system under which colonies supply goods to the mother country – mercantilism

REVIEW
Today, the world’s population is older than ever before.
true
Family planning is a service that helps couples _____.
decide if they will have children or how many children they will have
The pandemic that ravaged Constantinople in the sixth century was called the _____.
justinian plague
A pandemic is _____.
an infectious disease outbreak
Political revolutions involve minor government reforms and the election of a new president.
false
The nationalist Giuseppe Garibaldi led a failed revolution to free from Austrian control in 1848.
italy
What is a significant difference between Socialism and Capitalism?
Government or a central authority owns the means of production under Socialism.
What do all three economic systems have in common?
Each system represents different answers to the four basic economic questions.
Mercantilism is a form of _____.
capitalism