World History (Renaissance)

Marco Polo
Italian trader, he traveled to China and later wrote about his trip. During his time in China he served as a government official in Kublai Khan’s court.
interest
A fee that borrowers pay for the use of someone else’s money.
Medici
Italian bankers and leaders of Florence. This family wanted to make Florence the greatest city in the world.
Renaissance
The period of “rebirth” and creativity that followed Europe’s Middle Ages.
Humanism
The study of history, literature, public speaking, and art that led to a new way of thinking in Europe in the late 1300s.
Dante
Italian renaissance poet, he wrote “The Divine Comedy” in the Italian language.
Machiavelli
Italian writer and politician, he wrote “The Prince” in which he advised leaders how to rule.
perspective
A method of showing a three-dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real.
Leonardo da Vinci
Genius of the Renaissance, he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, engineer, town planner, and mapmaker.
Petrarch
Early Italian Renaissance scholar, he wrote about the importance of knowing history.
Gutenberg
German printer, he developed a printing press that used movable type
Shakespeare
Renaissance writer and playwright, he is considered by many to be the greatest English writer of all time
Dante
Wrote THE DIVINE COMEDY in his native language, Italian
Leonardo da Vinci
Renaissance man; painted the MONA LISA & THE LAST SUPPER
Shakespeare
English playwright; wrote comedies & tragedies like ROMEO & JULIET and HAMLET
Machiavelli
Wrote THE PRINCE about politics in Florence in the early 1500s
Michelangelo
Painted the Sistine Chapel and sculpted the David and the Pieta
perspective
A method of showing a three-dimensional scene on a flat surface so that it looks real
Leonardo da Vinci
the original genius of the Renaissance or “Renaissance Man”
Michelangelo
painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Florence
starting city-state of the Renaissance
republic
Governent where people have say with who is elected based on voting
Renaissance
the period of European history between the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
patron
a person who financially supports the arts
Humanism
An intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics. Emphasized human beings, their achievements, interests, and capabilities.
Florence
the city considered to be the “cradle” of the Renaissance, home to the Medici family
Machiavelli
Wrote “The Prince”, a book that recommended harsh rule for princes
Printing Press
due to this invention, books became cheaper, easier to produce and more available.
Brunelleschi
Architect of the Il Doumo in Florence
Medici
This family ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
Renaissance
A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a ‘rebirth’ of Greco-Roman culture.
Gutenberg
Perfected the moveable-type printing press
Silk
A finely woven cloth from China.
Petrarch
He is known as “The Father of Italian Renaissance Humanism”. He was famous for translating writings into Latin.
China
While traveling in ____, Marco Polo saw many inventions such as paper, printing and gunpowder.
Mongols
Who made the trade routes connecting China and Europe (Silk Road) safe again in the late Middle Ages?
Mediterranean
The sea that merchants brought goods from the Middle East to Europe across
Italy
The country the Renaissance began in
Silk Road
Famous and ancient trade route from China to the Middle East.
Architecture
the art of designing buildings
Engineering
the science of building or constructing structures
City-state
An independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding territory
Politics
the science of government
Brunelleschi
The architect of the Dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence
Literature
writing in prose or verse that is excellent in form and expresses ideas of interest to a wide range of people