World History Module 2 review test vocab.

a time of transition in Europe between the medieval and modern era. from the 14th to the 17th century, marked by a revival of art, sciences, and classical thinking
Middle Ages
the currently accepted way to refer to the era between the decline of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Renaissance
Three-Field Sytstem
an innovation of the Middle Ages in which one-third of the farmland was left fallow, or unplanted, each season
free enterprise system in which the means of production are either largely or entirely owned by private individuals who invest capital to make profits
members of a servant class, required to labor for a lord or landowner in exchange for certain rights and privileges
freemen who rented land from a lord
a code of conduct for knights, which dictated honorable behavior
warriors for hire
Land Grant
a gift of land made by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty, service, and taxes
making an area into a town; the migration of people from the country to a town or city
someone who buys and sells goods, especially internationally
a fee charged for money borrowed
Magna Carta
a contract between the English King and the nobles that limited the power of the king
Checks and Balances
the idea that no one branch of government can do something without any other branch of government being able to review that action and possibly stop it