World History Chapter 25 test & answers – Kyle

Memorized the plans for a spinning machine and came to Pawtucket to set up shop.
Samuel Slater
Englishman who hauled tons of iron in a steam locomotive.
Richard Trevithick
American who built the first steamboat to take passengers up the Hudson river
Robert Fulton
He improved on the locomotive and his won a contest for the best in England.
George Stevenson
Invented the seed drill
Jethro Tull
Invented the spinning jenny
James Hargreaves
The entrepreneur who backed the steam engines
Matthew Boulton
Invented the cotton gin
Eli Whitney
Invented the steam engine
James Watt
From Boston and he revolutionized the American textile industry
Francis Cabot Lowell
Industrialization grew in Germany because
the coal-rich Ruhr Valley
Andrew Carnegie was known for which business?
steel
John D. Rockefeller was known for which business?
oil
What 2 cities were centers for smelting in England?
Birmingham and Sheffield
What city during the Industrial Revolution became the largest in Europe?
London
Robert Owen
went to New Harmony, Indiana, which was a cooperative city
The middle class “haves” or factory owners were called the
bourgeoisie
The middle class “have-nots” were known as
proletariats
The Factory Act of 1833 made it illegal for children under what year to work?
9
Helped develop socialism
Charles Fourier
Wrote The Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith
Wrote the Communist Manifesto
Karl Marx
A refusal to work
strike
This outgrew of an optimistic view of human nature, a belief in progress, and a concern for social justice. The factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all.
socialism
Economic system where in which the factors of production are privately owned.
capitalism
His philosophy was Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
The final phase of socialism
communism
The economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference.
laissez-faire
The policy of extending one country’s rule over many other lands.
imperialism