World History Chapter 15 Vocab

linage
Members believe they are descendants from a common ancestor
Stateless Society
Cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineage of equal power instead of being exercised by a central goverment
Patrilineal
Relating to a social system in which family and descent and inheritance rights are traced through the father
maghrib
REgion of Western north Africa consisting of the metitrerranean coast
Almoravids
Islamic religious brotherhood that established an empire in north Africa and Southern Spain in the 11th Century A.D., Islamic religious brotherhood started by Abd Allah Ibn Yasin, lived in monastaries called ribat
almorhads
group of islamic religious brotherhood that established an empire in North Africa and southern spain in the 11th century AD
Ghana
West African Kingdom that Grew rich from controlling trade and that established an empire in the 9th- 11th centuries A.D.
Mali
West african Empire that flourished from 1235 to 1400 and grew rich from trade, One of the west African Trading Kingdoms. They were rich in gold and established a vast trading network across the Sahara desert. Greatest ruler was Mansa Musa, who converted to Islam and made a famous pilgrimage.
Sondiata
Emperor of Mali took over Ghana. Great leader
Mansa Musa
king of the Mali empire in West Africa, is known mostly for his fabulous pilgrimage to Mecca and for his promotion of unity and prosperity within Mali
Ibn Battuta
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan. (p. 373)
Songhai
a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by the Songhai people in Mali and Niger
After mali declined in 1400s people who had been under it’s control began to breat away. They were to the east
Hausa
A group of people named after the language they spoke
Yoruba
a Kwa language spoken by the Yoruba people in southwestern Nigeria
People all spoke a common language
Benin
Kingdom south of ife near delta of Niger River, In forest of niger delta, rulers called oba (also descents of Ife), major trade center, had sculptures, ivory furs, died out because of slave trade.
Swahili
Arabic blended with the bamto language
Great Zimbabwe
City that grew into an empire built on the gold trade
Mutapa
The title of respect, an ancient kingdom along the western coast of Africa, now the country of Zimbabwe, leader was mutota, Portuguese interferred with politics in order to take over the empire