World History B Chapter 19 Section 1-3

What were the three social classes in France called under the ancien regime? What groups composed each class?
The First Estate (clergy), the Second Estate (nobility), and the Third Estate (vast majority).
Why were urban workers discontented? (4 reasons)
They resented the privileges of their social betters. They earned miserable wages. They often were starving. They had a lot of taxes.
Name five reasons that France suffered a financial crisis in the late 1700s.
1. Great increase in national debt
2. High taxes
3. France lost colonial possessions
4. The third estate was suffering because bread prices and grain prices are high
5. Lavish lifestyle of the monarchy
Why did Louis XVI finally agree to summon the Estates General?
France tottered on the verge of bankruptcy. Bread riots were spreading. Nobles (fearful of a rise in taxes) were denouncing royal tyranny.
Who took the Tennis Court Oath and what did they vow?
They were elected and only propertied men could vote (mostly lawyers, middle class officials, and writers). Swore “never to separate and to meet wherever the circumstances might require until we have established a sound and just constitution”.
Who participated in the storming of the Bastille?
Parisians
How did supporters view the storming of the Bastille?
A blow to tyranny, a step toward freedom
the middle class of the Third Estate
bourgeoisie
situation caused when a government spends more money than it takes in
deficit spending
lists of grievances that Louis XVI asked all three estates to prepare
cahiers
delegates of the Third Estate who banded together to draw up a constitution for France
National Assembly
At the top of the Third Estate sat the ___________.
bourgeoisie
_________ was partially responsible for the financial crisis in France.
deficit spending
Before meeting at Versailles, all three estates prepared __________ listing their grievances.
cahiers
Claiming that they represented the people, delegates of the Third Estate formed the ____________.
National Assembly
Which group made up the vast majority of French society?

a. the clergy
b. the First Estate
c. the ancient regime
d. the Third Estate

d. the Third Estate
Who were most affected by increases in the price of food?

a. urban workers
b. wealthy merchants
c. the clergy
d. the nobility

a. urban workers
Which of the following contributed to France’s financial crisis?

a. a drop in the gold supply
b. an extended period of peace
c. peasant uprisings
d. bad harvests

d. bad harvests
Why did Louis XVI finally agree to summon the Estates General?

a. he feared invasion from England
b. France was on the verge of bankruptcy, and riots were spreading
c. the Estates General forced him to do so
d. the cahiers were demanding reform

b. France was on the verge of bankruptcy, and riots were spreading
What did the National Assembly vow in the Tennis Court Oath?

a. to behead the king
b. to prepare cahiers
c. to draft a constitution for France
d. to revolt

d. to revolt
Which of the following events became a symbol of the French Revolution?

a. the Tennis Court Oath
b. the storming of the Bastille
c. the Reveillon riots
d. the National Assembly

b. the storming of the Bastille
How do tricolor, Marquis de Lafayette, and the National Guard relate to each other?
Lafayette headed the National Guard, and the National Guard was the first to don the tricolor badge.
How do Declaration of the Rights of Man, feudalism, and equality relate to each other?
The Declaration of the Rights of Man put an end to feudalism. It also stated that all men were equal.
How do Marie Antoinette, women of Paris, and Tuileries relate to each other?
The women of Paris stormed the Palace of Versailles to demand bread. Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI fled to Tuileries.
red, white, and blue badge of the common people
tricolor
set up as part of the new limited monarchy of France
Legislative Assembly
people who fled revolutionary France
emigres
working-class men and women who desired more radical changes
sans-culottes
a revolutionary political club made up of middle-class lawyers and intellectuals
Jacobins
Lafayette headed:

a. the Paris commune
b. the National Assembly
c. the tricolor
d. the National Guard

d. the National Guard
Peasant uprising and the storming of the Bastille forced the National Assembly to

a. attack Versailles
b. abolish feudalism
c. jail thousands of peasants
d. behead the king

b. abolish feudalism
The women of Paris marched on Versailles for

a. control of the government
b. weapons and gunpowder
c. bread
d. shelter

c. bread
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy

a. put the French Catholic Church under state control
b. abolished the Catholic Church in France
c. made Catholicism the official religion of France
d. made the clergy part of the Third Estate

a. put the French Catholic Church under state control
The sans-culottes and Jacobins demanded

a. a return to absolute monarchy
b. an end to the revolution
c. a republic
d. a decrease in taxes

c. a republic
What year did the French
1. Revolutionaries storm _________.
2. Citizens attack ________ holding nobles and carry out the _____________.
3. The National Convention abolishes the ____________?
1792;
1. Tuileries
2. prisons; September Massacres
3. monarchy
What year did the French
1. __________ and ________ are executed.
2. France is at war with ___________.
3. The _____________ is created.
4. ___________ leads a Reign of Terror.
5. A new constitution sets up a __________ and a ____________ ?
1. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
2. Europe
3. Committee of Public Safety
4. Robespierre
5. 5-man directory and a 2-house legislature
the right to vote
suffrage
twelve-member group that ordered all French citizens to join the war effort
Committee of Public Safety
established by the moderates who seized power from radical revolutionaries
directory
feeling of pride in one’s country that grew stronger in France during the revolution
nationalism
Under the National Convention, __________ was extended to all male citizens.
suffrage
The twelve-member ________ had almost absolute power.
Committee of Public Safety
The Constitution of 1795 set up a five-man _________ and a two-house legislature.
directory
The revolution inspired a rise in French ___________.
nationalism
In 1792, the National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy and declare France

a. dissolved
b. bankrupt
c. a republic
d. a nation

c. a republic
In 1793, King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were

a. returning to the throne
b. deported to England
c. saved from the mob by Lafayette
d. executed

d. executed
The leader of the Reign of Terror was

a. Marie Antoinette
b. Maximilien Robespierre
c. Olympe de Gouges
d. Dr. Joseph Guillotin

b. Maximilien Robespierre
The moderates who took control from radical revolutionaries set up a five-man

a. monarchy
b. Reign of Terror
c. Directory
d. republic

c. Directory
The Directory that ruled from 1795 to 1799 was

a. popular with sans-culottes
b. a failure
c. skillfully managed
d. comprised of emigres

b. a failure
During the French revolution, women

a. gained the right to vote
b. lost the right to vote
c. lost political rights
d. gained some rights and lost others

d. gained some rights and lost others