WORLD GEOGRAPHY AND CULTURE Final Exam Study Guide

Geography
study if people, their enviorment, and their resources.
Maps
made from a particular point of view and usually stretches what is important.
Projection
ways of showing earth on a flat surface.
Market Economy
individuals answer basic economic questions by buying or selling goods and services.
Mixed Economy
individuals make some economic decisions and the government makes some.
Diffusion
movement of customs or ideas from one place to another.
We will write a custom essay sample on
Any topic specifically for you
For only $13.90/page
Order Now
Ethnocentrism
judging other cultures by standards of their own cultures.
Physical Region
any area with humans or human evidence.
Human Environment Interaction
humans interactions with or to the environment.
Prime Meridian
imaginary line dividing the earth.
Industrial Revolution
huge industrial technological advances.
The Cold War
political and economic struggle between United States and Soviet Union.
Nationalism
pride and loyalty to one’s country.
Westernization
adoption of western culture.
Imperialism
control by one country of political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
The United States
group of nations promising to preserve peace and cooperating in solving global social and economic problems.
The Nile
4,160 mile long river, flowing northward across Africa.
Aswan Dam
massive dam in upper nile.
The Great Rift Valley
in eastern Africa, many rivers feed.
Rain Forest
tropical forest with lots of rainfall
Savanna
wet and dry tropical area with shrubs and bushes.
Desert
large fry and sandy areas.
African Climate Regions
tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, and moderate Mediterranean.
Geographic Features of Africa
tropics, highlands, desert, semidesert.
Desertification
turning semi arid land into desert.
Kingdom of Axum
African center of trade.
Gold Salt Trade in Africa
west africa traded common resources like golf for rare salt, which was plentiful in the east, which had no gold.
Mansa Musa
ruled Mali form 1312 to 1337, converted to Muslim
European Demand for African Slaves
American colonies needed workforce, huge African slave demand grew.
Women in African Society
status in society varied, sometimes very powerful, sometimes just property.
Extended Family
large family group (grandparents, multiple families) all living together.
“Middle Passage”
European Rule in Africa
many countries had colonies in Africa, but Africans resisted.
Problems With Rapid Population Growth in Africa
health care cannot be provided for all the people, there is not enough food.
Agriculture in Africa
technology is still outdated, traditional agriculture is prevalent.
African Attitude Towards Westernization
Population Issues in China
1/7 of the worlds population, not enough housing or services.
Gentry
higher upper class of society’s landowners.
Foot Binding
women with big feet thought they were ugly.
Mandate of Heaven
chinese belief that heaven grants a ruler a mandate, or right to rule; in turn, the people owe the ruler complete loyalty and obedience.
Boxer Rebellion
anti foreign Chinese, was crushed by international army.
Opium Wat
war broke out after Chinese destroyed British opium, British won.
Confucius
China’s best known philosopher born 551 b.c., started Confucianism.
Ancestor Worship
popular religion theme, worshiped all dead and living ancestors.
Filial Piety
according to the chinese philosopher confucius, the duty and respect that children owe their parents.
Mao Zebdong
communist dictator, failed, many died and revolted.
Communists Takeover in China (1949)
through propaganda, communist took over China.
Deng Xiaoping
Mao’s 1978 successor, introduced responsibility system.
The Great Leap Forward
Mao’s effort to modernize China, horrible failure.
Taiwan
island off of China, usually high tensions, economic and industrial power.
Korea
2 countries, peninsula off China, north is communist, south is thriving.
“Hermit Kingdom”
Korea, since relations where discouraged.
Korean Wag
war between North and South Korea, U.S. stepped into fight north.
38th Parallel
division line between North and South Korea.
Geography of Japan
archipelago mountains chair of islands, earthquake prone.
Relationship Between China and Japan in the Middle Ages
Shintoism
Bushido
Women’s Role in Japanese Society
Japan During the Age of Imperialism
Meiji Restoration
The Great Depression
American Occupation of Japan
The Tale of Genji
The Japanese Economic Miracle
The Fertile Cresent
Hammurabi’s Code
Monotheism
Geography of the Middle East
Muhammad’s Teachings
The Crusaders
Mosque
The Ottoman Empire in the 1800s
Suez Canal
The Balfour Declaration
Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam
The Golden Age of Muslim Civilization
Aswan Dam
massive dam in upper nile.
Palestine
Israel
Persian Gulf War