WHS AP US History Ch 9

Which statemet regarding the american electorate durring the 1820s is true?
A. the right to vote was expanded to include many more white males
B. the right to vote was restricted to property owners
C. married white women had the right to vote but could not hold elected office
D.changes in votion rights occurred first in new england states and spread west.
C.older states began to expand their property ownership requirements
A. the right to vote was expanded to include many more white males (pg. 238)
The lawyer and activist who led the campaign to expand voting rights in Rhode Island was
A. Amos Kendall.
B. Joseph Story.
C. Daniel Webster.
D. Roger Taney.
E. Thomas Dorr.
E. Thomas Dorr (pg. 239)
By the 1830s, political parties were generally regarded as
A. in the control of special interest factions.
B. unnecessary to the political process.
C. a dangerous threat to the democratic process.
D. a desired and essential part of the democratic process.
E. an aberration
D. a desired and essential part of the democratic process (pg. 240)
In the 1830s, an argument in favor of political parties was the belief that
A. the parties would provide the training ground for candidates.
B. a permanent political opposition made parties sensitive to the people’s will.
C. the present system of government had little effective organization.
D. inexperienced political candidates would be less likely to gain office.
E. parties could create a broader form of consensus than individual leaders.
B. a permanent political opposition made parties sensitive to the poeple’s will (pg 241)
According to Andrew Jackson’s theory of democracy
A. there should be one national political party. B. all white male citizens should be treated equally.
C. all white Americans should eventually be given the vote.
D. slavery should not extend into the west.
E. the South and West deserved special privileges as growing areas.
B. all white male citizens should be treated equally (pg242)
The “spoils system” refers to
A. making illegal payoffs to political supporters. B. giving away land taken from Indians to white settlers.
C. the destruction of land by overly aggressive settlement.
D. giving out jobs as political rewards.
E. parceling out federal land to the highest bidder.
D. giving out jobs as political rewards
As president, Andrew Jackson believed the power of the federal government
A. should be reduced.
B. should be expanded.
C. was supreme over individual states.
D. should be expanded and was supreme over individual states.
E. should be reduced and yet was supreme over individual states.
E. should be reduced and yet was supreme over induvidual states (pg243)
In the 1820s, John C. Calhoun proposed his doctrine of nullification
A. to reduce the political power of Andrew Jackson.
B. as an alternative to possible secession.
C. as a means to end the national bank.
D. to support trade tariffs.
E. to counter the growing influence of abolitionism in the North.
B. as an alternative to possible secession (pg243)
In his doctrine of nullification, John C. Calhoun argued
A. that states were the final authority on the constitutionality of federal laws.
B. all laws related to a state’s economic development should come from that state.
C. states, not the Congress, should ratify amendments to the constitution.
D. there should not be a federal court system. E. that a state could not impose tariffs and levies on goods made in a neighboring state.
A. that all states were the final authority on the constitutionality of federal laws (pg243)
The political significance of Peggy Eaton on Andrew Jackson’s administration was
A. the presidential aspirations of John C. Calhoun were likely ended.
B. John Eaton’s ties with the administration were strengthened.
C. Martin Van Buren had a political falling out with President Jackson.
D. the political strength of President Jackson was weakened.
E. it encouraged Jackson to liberalize the nation’s divorce and coverture laws.
A. the presidential aspirations of john c. calhoun were likely ended
Senator Robert Hayne represented the state of A. New York.
B. Ohio.
C. Pennsylvania.
D. Virginia.
E. South Carolina.
E. South Carolina (pg244)
In 1830, what political figure said, “Our Federal Union—It must be preserved”?
A. Andrew Jackson
B. Robert Hayne
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Daniel Webster
E. Henry Clay
A. Andrew Jackson
In 1833, the nullification crisis came to an end after President Andrew Jackson
A. authorized the use of military force to see the acts of Congress were obeyed.
B. raised the tariff.
C. threatened to arrest supporters of nullification.
D. agreed to give a larger share of federal authority to the states.
E. acceded to John C. Calhoun’s doctrine of nullification.
A. authorized the use of military force to see the acts of congress were obeyed (245)
The Black Hawk War
A. constituted a major, although temporary, Indian victory.
B. occurred in New England and upstate New York.
C. was notable for vicious behavior by the American military.
D. was sparked by the kidnapping of the leader of the Fox Indians.
E. resulted in the removal of the Five Civilized Tribes to the west.
C. was notabel for vicious behavior by the American military
The “Trail of Tears” taken by the Cherokees led them to the area that later became
A. Texas.
B. Oklahoma.
C. Missouri.
D. New Mexico.
E. Nevada.
B. Olahoma (247)
Of the “Five Civilized Tribes,” the tribe that best resisted the pressures of removal were the
A. Creeks.
B. Choctaws.
C. Seminoles.
D. Chickasaws.
E. Cherokees.
C. Seminoles (248)
In 1830, President Andrew Jackson vetoed a federal subsidy to the Maysville Road because A. he sought to demonstrate his presidential power at a time when it was being questioned. B. the road was not a part of any system of interstate commerce.
C. the subsidy was to be paid for out of tariff revenue, which he opposed.
D. he thought the proposal might jeopardize his bid for reelection.
E. he thought it would upset the balance created by the Missouri Compromise nine years earlier.
B. the road was not a part of any system of interstate commerce (250)
In the 1830s, the Bank of the United States was opposed by
A. “soft-money” advocates.
B. “hard-money” advocates.
C. Henry Clay.
D. both “soft-money” advocates and “hard-money” advocates.
E. None of these answers is correct.
D. both “soft-money” advvocates and “hard-money” advocates (250)
In 1832, Henry Clay sought to use the debate over the Bank of the United States primarily to
A. politically embarrass President Jackson.
B. help his reelection to the Senate.
C. promote his “American System.”
D. boost his presidential candidacy.
E. exact revenge on Nicholas Biddle for a perceived slight
D. boost his presidential candidacy (251)
President Andrew Jackson’s success in abolishing the Bank of the United States
A. caused serious political damage to his administration.
B. led the nation into a period of long economic decline.
C. left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years.
D. led him to lose the political support of Roger B. Taney.
E. seriously damaged his support within the Democratic Party
C. left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years (252)
Jacksonian Democrats
A. praised President Jackson as “King Andrew I.”
B. faced little political opposition by the mid-1830s.
C. were strongest among the merchants and manufacturers of the Northeast.
D. All these answers are correct.
E. None of these answers is correct
E. none of these answers is correct (254)
In the 1830s, the so-called Locofocos were
A. radical Democrats.
B. defenders of monopolies.
C. Southern slaveholders.
D. Western farmers.
E. radical abolitionists
A. radical Democrats (254)
From the following groups, support for the Whigs was weakest among
A. wealthy Southern planters.
B. substantial New England manufacturers.
C. small Western farmers.
D. aristocratic Americans.
E. evangelical Protestant
C. small western farmers (254)
During the 1830s, evangelical Protestants tended to support
A. Democrats.
B. Irish immigrants.
C. Whigs.
D. German immigrants.
E. Masons
C. Whigs (254)
During its two-decade history, the Whig Party won the presidency
A. zero times.
B. one time.
C. two times.
D. three times.
E. four times
C. two times (260)
In 1836, Martin Van Buren won the presidency because
A. he was more popular with the public than Andrew Jackson.
B. federal spending had supported an economic boom.
C. the political opposition offered multiple candidates.
D. land speculation had been reduced under President Andrew Jackson.
E. his opponent openly advocated ending Indian removal
C. the political opposition offered multiple candidates (254)
In 1836, President Andrew Jackson’s “specie circular”
A. resulted in a severe financial panic.
B. was defeated by Congress.
C. was of considerable political benefit to Martin Van Buren.
D. required foreigners doing business in the United States to pay their debts in hard currency.
E. caused a significant rise in prices, especially the price of land
A. resulted in a severe financial panic (255)
The presidential election campaign of 1840 saw
A. Martin Van Buren drop out of the presidential race.
B. the first influence of the “penny press” in politics.
C. Henry Clay chosen as the Whig presidential candidate.
D. the emergence of the Republican Party.
E. William Henry Harrison serve as the Democratic candidate
B. the first influence of the “penny press” in politics (256)
As president, John Tyler
A. was a Whig who had once been a Democrat.
B. favored the recharter of the Bank of the United States.
C. considered Andrew Jackson to be his political role model.
D. approved several internal improvement bills.
E. forced John C. Calhoun out of his cabinet
A. was a Whig who had once been a Democrat (257)
Which statement about the 1842 Webster-Ashburton Treaty is FALSE?
A. It settled the Aroostook War.
B. It resulted in new territory being added to the United States.
C. It included an American pledge not to allow slave ships to land at British ports.
D. It included a British pledge not to interfere with American ships.
E. It significantly improved Anglo-American relations
C. it included an american pledge not to allow slave ships to land at British ports (259)
The “age of Jackson” was less a triumph for the common man than conservatives feared
True (237)
The Dorr Rebellion was generally consistent with Jacksonian principle
True (238)
One of the major reforms of the Jacksonian period was the introduction of the secret ballot
False (239-240)
During the Jacksonian period, political parties were regarded as a threat to democracy.
False
As president, Andrew Jackson’s first political target was the Bank of the United States
False
Andrew Jackson believed a strong federal government would lead to a strong democracy
False
The Peggy Eaton affair improved Andrew Jackson’s relationship with John C. Calhoun
False
Calhoun’s defense of his doctrine of nullification was directed primarily at the issue of
tariff
True
President Jackson considered those who favored nullification to be traitors
True
In the early nineteenth century, many whites viewed Indians as “noble savages.
False
In the Black Hawk War, white forces attacked Indians as they surrendered and retreated
True
Unlike most other tribes, the relocation of the Seminoles in Florida was never completed
True
President Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road even though this proposed road was in his
home state
true
The results of the election of 1832 could be interpreted as a defeat for both Henry Clay and
Nicholas Biddle
True
Although political opponents, Whigs supported President Jackson’s use of the veto
False
Jacksonians were more likely than Whigs to favor territorial expansion
True (253)
The well-to-do were more likely to support Whigs than Democrats
True (253)
The “penny press” was more lively and sensationalistic than previous newspapers
True
In 1840 the Whigs elected a president for the first time
true
The “Aroostook War” was the result of tensions between Canada and Maine
true
During the Tyler administration, the United States established diplomatic relations with
China
true
President Jackson’s attack on federal officeholders led to the introduction of what one of his
allies called the “______________________.”
Spoil system (242)
Jackson’s supporters created the ___________________ as a forum for selecting candidates
for president
National convention (242)
Thomas Dorr and his followers formed a _________________
People’s party (239)
John C. Calhoun championed a states’ rights theory called ___________________
nullification (243)
John C. Calhoun argued that the federal government was a creation of the __________
states (243)
John C. Calhoun’s most powerful rival within the Jackson administration was ________________
Martin Van Buren (243)
The main issue of public policy at stake in the Webster-Hayne debate was the
_____________
tariff (244)
The most successful of the “Five Civilized Tribes” when it came to resisting Jackson’s
removal policy were the _________________
Seminole (248)
The forced Cherokee migration on what was called the Trail of Tears ended in the territory of
________________
Oklahoma (247)
In the election of 1832, Andrew Jackson was opposed by _________________
Henry Clay (251)
____________________ succeeded John Marshall as chief justice of the Supreme Court
Roger B. Taney (252)
Radical Jacksonians were known as __________________
Locofocos (253)
William Morgan mysteriously disappeared shortly before he published a book, which
allegedly exposed the secrets of _________________
Freemasonry (253)
The Great Triumvirate consisted of Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, and ________________
Daniel Webster (254)
President Jackson’s distrust of paper currency became obvious when in 1836 he issued an
executive order called the “_____________________.
Specie Circular (255)
Upon the death of William Henry Harrison, the former Democrat who became president was
________________
John Tyler (256)

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