Western Civilization I CLEP Study Guide

Sophist
A group that opposed slavery and racial discrimination
Church of Santa Sophia
Byzantine piece of architecture
Carolingian Renaissance
A cultural and legal revival led by Charlemagne
Punic Wars
Rome vs. Cathage
Was there a distinction between intentional or accidental crime?
No
Patricians
Upper class landlords, aristocrats, etc.
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Important Farming Tools
Heavy plow, horse shoes, horse collars
What was the lifeline of the Egyptian Civilization?
The Nile
What was the chief source of income for most in the dark ages?
Agriculture
Six Eras of Egyptian History
The archaic or early dynastic period, the Old Kingdom, the 1st Intermediate peroid, Middle Kingdom, 2nd Intermediate period, the New Kingdom
Petrarch believed in
Simple life and meditation
Michelangelo sculpted
David
Italian Renaissance Discoveries
Linear Perspective, human anatomy and oil painting
Pierre Lescot
French architect
Milan became famous for
Garment production
Two achievements of Athens
Vineyards and Olive Yards
Byzantines were famous for?
Ivory paintings, jewelry making and mosaics
Beowulf
Epic poem
Charlemagne
Emperor of the Roman, King of the Franks
Law of Retaliation
Eye for an Eye, etc.
Pericles
Formed the first true democracy in Athens
Francis Petrarch
First Renaissance scholar in Italy
Democritus
Denied existence of spiritual world
Thomas Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury – later became a saint
Capitalism
An economic system where good and services are echanges
Paris became famous for
University and education
Sir Thomas Moore wrote
Utopia
Hammurabi
Gave law to mankind
Faylasufs
Islamic Philosophers
Islamic Inventions
Paper making, distillation of alcohol
Julius Caesar
Ruled Rome – was assassinated by peers in 44 BC
Muhammad
Founder of Islam
Mosaic
A picture made up from small pieces of glass or stone
Michelangelo painted
Sistine ceiling
Venice became famous for
Outside trade
Mesopotamia is Greek for what?
Between two rivers
Magna Carta
A series of promises made by King John regarding how to treat his subjects
Ramses III
Last great Pharaoh of Egypt
Leonardo da Vinci
A “true” renaissance man
Who was one of the Five Good Emperors?
Marcus Aurelius
Plebeians
Small businessmen, farmers
Book of Kells
Irish book of art/calligraphy
Zoser
Founder of the old kingdom
Areopagus
Council of Nobles
Pieta
A piece of art with Christ upon his mother’s lap
Three civilizations from the Mediterranean Sea?
Byzantine, Islam, Western Christian
Atomists
Philosophers
Islamic Philosophy
Based on Aristotle and Napoleon