Use This One!!! AP Lit Practice Test Vocab

harrowing
harrowing
extremely distressing, usually used about an experience
“For one with acrophobia, driving along a mountain road can be a harrowing experience.”
meticulous
meticulous
Showing great attention to detail; very careful and precise
“Hunter is very meticulous when taking tests.”
cordiality
cordiality
sincere affection and kindness : cordial regard
“Hunter shows much cordiality to Rachel.”
garish
garish
excessively or disturbingly vivid (garish colors, garish imagery)
“Rachel’s garish sweater astounded Hunter.”
Bohemian (as a style)
Bohemian (as a style)
A person with artistic or literary interests who disregards conventional standards of behavior.
“Hunter chose not to participate in the Bohemian lifestyle.”
anecdote
anecdote
A short account of an interesting or humorous incident.
“Hunter chuckled at Chris’ anecdote of his commute to school this morning.”
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malicious
malicious
Having the nature of or resulting from malice; deliberately harmful; spiteful
“Hunter has a malicious attitude towards Chris’ musical preferences.”
self-important
self-important
Excessively high regard for one’s own importance or station; conceit.
“Hunter’s self-importance exceeds that of other people.”
snobbery
snobbery
Snobbish behavior or an instance of it
“It pains Hunter to see other’s snobbery.”
perilous
perilous
fraught with danger
“Walking on a tightrope 3000 feet above ground is a perilous game”
“Leaping face-first into an ocean when all you can really see is the rocky shoreline is not only perilous, but probably stupid, too.”
belittle
belittle
…, lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of
“The coach constantly cussed out and made fun of his players after losses to belittle them”
“jobber”
a person who works “by the job” – such as a plumber or chimney-sweeper; common usage in England/Britain.
“We hired a drywall jobber to finish the wall in our garage.”
straitlaced or straight-laced
straitlaced or straight-laced
exaggeratedly proper; priggish; puritanical
“My straight-laced college roommate surprised everyone by skipping three days of classes to attend a Backstreet Boys concert in Pennsylvania.”
stucco
stucco
a plaster now made mostly from Portland cement and sand and lime
sabotage
sabotage
a deliberate act of destruction or disruption in which equipment is damaged, or a process is intentionally disrupted
ichthyology
ichthyology
the branch of zoology that studies fishes
bosom-friend
bosom-friend
a very close friend; a best friend; a friend one keeps close to one’s heart
thatch-eaves
thatch-eaves
the part of a thatched roof (one made from interwoven fibers such as reeds) that overhangs the outer wall
kernel (plant part)
kernel (plant part)
the inner, softer part of a seed or nut
clammy
clammy
unpleasantly cool and humid
oft
many times at short intervals, an abbreviation of often
amid
amid
in the middle of
The dude above is in his store amid all the fishes!
granary
granary
a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed
winnowing
winnowing
the act of separating grain from chaff
furrow
a long shallow trench in the ground (especially one made by a plow)
fume
noun – a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas
“She coughed as the poison in the fumes entered her lungs and began to devour her breath.”
verb – be mad, angry, or furious (same image works!)
“The protestors fumed when they were told to disperse and go back to their homes”
swath
swath
the space created by the swing of a scythe or the cut of a mowing machine
“The swaths in the lawn were spaced in a UFO sign through Johnny’s artistic mowing skills.”
bourn
bourn
a small stream or brook
“The water in the bourn trickled down the rocks with barely a sound.”
twitter
twitter
a series of chirps
“The ‘Chirping’ Crickets were famous for their high-pitched twitters in their songs.”
fickle
fickle
marked by erratic changeableness in affections or attachments
“As a result of her diagnosis of bi-polar disorder, her personality was a fickle friend.”
benevolent
benevolent
having or showing or arising from a desire to promote the welfare or happiness of others
“When the man listened to the Buddha’s teachings, he gained a benevolent insight and started a charity for kids the very next day.”
conspiring
conspiring
plotting, agreeing in secret
“The dishwashers met together in a dark alley, conspiring against the laundromat.”
pagan
pagan
one who has little or no religion and who delights in sensual pleasures and material goods; heathen; an irreligious or hedonistic person; in ancient Rome, a follower of a polytheistic religion.
“The pagan man could be seen on the streets where the evils of human nature inhabited.”
stifling
stifling
forceful prevention, characterized by oppressive heat and humidity
“The tourists hid under their umbrellas to avoid the stifling heat.”
monotony
monotony
constancy of tone or pitch or inflection
“The monotony of the professors voice made the students fall asleep.”
rhyme scheme
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
“The poem had no rhyme scheme.”
imperceptible
imperceptible
impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses
“The beauty of the plant was almost imperceptible.”
diluting
diluting
weakening
“Diluting the water will make it weaker.”
sardonic
sardonic
disdainfully or ironically humorous
“The graffiti on the store was sardonic.”
inharmonious
inharmonious
not in harmony
“The music sounded good, unfortunately the choir was inharmonious.”
yearning
yearning
full of longing or unfulfilled desire
“The flower was yearning for sunlight.”
muted
muted
toned down or silenced, can be used of sound or of color
“The trumpet was muted to give it a softer tone.”
reaping
reaping
…, gathering, receiving something as a consequence of actions
“If one were to host a benefit concert, the cause would be reaping the money or items raised – not the host.”
surcease
surcease
…, to end
“If the world were to surcease tomorrow, one might spend his last day doing whatever he pleases.”
atonement
atonement
…, compensation for a wrong
“Jesus Christ’s blood is an atonement for our sins.”
parody
parody
…, humorous or satirical mimicry
“Weird Al specializes in parody when it comes to his remake of popular songs.”
personification
personification
…, A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
“Disney uses personification in cartoon movies to give the animals life-like qualities.
allegory
allegory
…, A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
“Many authors use allegory to make something interesting without saying what the object is directly.”
allusion
allusion
., a reference to another work of literature, person, or event.
“Shakespeare made allusions to the bible in his works.”
nostalgia
nostalgia
a longing for the past
discredit
the state of being held in low esteem; to strip an authority of the power of authority by calling into doubt the veracity of its claims
mournful
mournful
…, filled with or evoking sadness
elegy
elegy
…, a mournful poem
ravaged
ravaged
made uninhabitable; having been robbed and destroyed by force and violence
catalog
catalog
a complete list of things
remote
remote
far distant in space, inaccessible and sparsely populated
tactful
showing skill and sensitivity in dealing with people
French bisque
French bisque
a French highly seasoned and creamy soup, often made from a coulis of seafood, such as lobster
nebulous
nebulous
lacking definition or definite content, can be used about an image, an idea, etc.
poised
poised
in full control of your faculties, marked by balance or equilibrium and readiness for action
spellbound
spellbound
…, having your attention fixated as though by a spell
reconcile
reconcile
…, bring into consonance or accord
enthralled
enthralled
…, filled with wonder and delight
eccentric
eccentric
…, a person with an unusual or odd personality
intrigue (noun)
…, A secret plot or scheme.
intrigues (verb)
…to arouse the curiosity or interest of by unusual, new, or fascinating or compelling qualities; captivate. As a car fanatic, how engines work are greatly intriguing to me.
opulence
opulence
…, extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance. Beverly Hills is a neighborhood of great opulence.
disdain
disdain
…, lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike. Michigan and Ohio State fans disdain one another.
explicate
explicate
…, to make plain or clear, explain; to interpret. A complex or confusing essay may need to be explicated to be understood.
syntax
syntax
…, the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences. Before she took AP Lang, her syntax in her essays was confusing.
euphemism
euphemism
…, a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term. We have to go to a funeral, Grandma kicked the bucket.
apostrophe
apostrophe
…, address to an absent or imaginary person. The playwright used apostrophe to share the character’s inner thoughts about his friend.
oxymoron
oxymoron
…, a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms. Just be yourself, act naturally. Jumbo Shrimp.
hyperbole
hyperbole
…, a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
introspection
introspection
…, the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
longing
longing
prolonged unfulfilled desire or need
repressed
repressed
…, characterized by or showing the suppression of impulses or emotions
sublime
sublime
inspiring awe, worthy of adoration or reverence
scuffed
scuffed
scrape or brush the surface of (a shoe or other object) against something
sestina
a lyric form that consists of six stanzas of six lines each followed by a three-line conclusion or envoy; this form requires a strict pattern of repetition of six key words that end the lines of the first stanza
English Sonnet
English Sonnet
Also known as the Shakespearean Sonnet, it consists of three quatrains with the rhyme pattern “abab,” cdcd,” “efef” followed by a couplet with the pattern “gg,” each line is iambic pentameter; often the last six lines resolve a problem or answer a question posed in the first eight
Petrarchan Sonnet
Petrarchan Sonnet
Also known as an Italian Sonnet, it consists of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd, often the last six lines resolve a problem or answer a question posed in the first eight
ode
ode
…, a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
ballad
ballad
…, a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
contemplative
contemplative
…, studying, thinking, reflecting on an issue
understated
understated
…, presented or expressed in a subtle and effective way
laudatory
laudatory
…, full of or giving praise
ironic
ironic
…, characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is
superficial
superficial
…, being or affecting or concerned with a surface. A superficial person is concerned with looks.
evenhanded
evenhanded
…, without bias. Someone who is even handed has a balanced view
surreptitious
…, conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods. Someone who is surreptitious does things for the benefit of themselves not others.
painstaking
painstaking
…, characterized by extreme care and great effort
Taking a long test can be painstaking
transgression
transgression
the action of going beyond or overstepping some boundary or limit
base motives
the underlying reason that determines a person’s behavior; the animalistic foundation for behavior
endeavor
endeavor
earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something
allege
allege
…, report or maintain. Someone must allege the road
profundity
intellectual depth, great depth of intellect, feeling, or meaning
tribulation
tribulation
an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event
mar
…, a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person’s body); to damage, especially in a disfiguring way
alliteration
alliteration
…, use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
assonance
…, the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words
consonance
…, the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
internal rhyme
…, when two words in the same line rhyme
iambic meter
…, an iambic foot, which consists of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
unbridled
unbridled
…, not restrained or controlled
The women had unbridled grief when she learned of her father’s sudden death.
skepticism
skepticism
doubt about the truth of something, a doubting or questioning attitude
The children began think with skepticism about Santa Claus.
admonition
admonition
…, , cautionary advice about something imminent (especially imminent danger)
He sought admonishing therapy.
eulogy
eulogy
a formal expression of praise, a formal speech praising a person who has died
Writing an eulogy for my mother’s funeral was the hardest speech I have ever had to write.
parable
parable
…, a short moral story (often with animal characters)
“Jesus told many parables through out his life in order to instruct the people about morals and values.”
reminiscence
reminiscence
…, the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort)
We look through our scrapbook as a way to reminiscence on old memories.
raconteur
raconteur
a person skilled in telling witty, entertaining anecdotes
Jane is a brilliant raconteur with a bight future ahead of her.
sanctimonious
sanctimonious
…, excessively or hypocritically pious
I would be more open to your beliefs, if you weren’t so sanctimonious.
moralize
moralize
…, speak as if delivering a sermon
advocate
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea; speak, plead, or argue in favour of
satirist
satirist
…, a humorist who uses ridicule and irony and sarcasm
dismal
depressing in character or appearance
lamenting
…, vocally expressing grief or sorrow or resembling such expression
rebuff
rebuff
a deliberate discourteous act (usually as an expression of anger or disapproval); reject outright and bluntly
broach
broach
…, (v.) to bring up or begin to talk about (a subject); to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to pierce; (n.) a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks
sly
sly
marked by skill in deception, especially if very clever
understatement
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
“It’s an understatement to say that someone that got 100% on a test did okay.”
invocation
invocation
the act of appealing for help, usually at the beginning of a religious ritual
“The worship service began with an invocation to bring reassurance to those who were suffering.”
aside
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
“The playwright wrote an aside, spoken by the protagonist to let the audience in on a secret that none of the other characters could know about.”
paucity
paucity
an insufficient quantity or number
“We could not confirm nor deny the hypothesis due to the paucity of the data.”
veracity
veracity
conformity to the facts, accurate; unwillingness to tell lies
“To check the veracity of this essay, double check all of the cited sources.”, unwillingness to tell lies
counterintuitive
counterintuitive
contrary to what common sense would suggest
“The fact that the earth is round seems very counterintuitive because it seems like it would be flat.”
precedent
precedent
…, an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
“In court cases, lawyers usually try to find precedents set in previous cases that will favor their clients.”
assertion
assertion
…, a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary)
“People that are said to be illegal residents of the U.S. can’t be deported unless the government finds evidence supporting the assertion.”
recluse
…, one who lives in solitude
thwarted
thwarted
disappointingly unsuccessful, blocked, prevented
wayfarer
wayfarer
…, walks from place to place, traveler; especially one who travels on foot
tyrant
tyrant
…, any person who exercises power in a cruel way
abject
…, most unfortunate or miserable
wry
…, humorously sarcastic or mocking
aversion
…, a feeling of intense dislike
stern
stern
1) the rear part of a ship (true, but not on test)
2) severe and unremitting in making demands (on test)
admonition
admonition
a strong warning or reprimand
“Do I really need to repeat my admonition to avoid the R.O.U.S.-es, the flame spurts, and the lightning sand?”
Gothic
Gothic
18th Century: a combination of both horror and Romantic literary traditions; settings include dark moors, haunted castles, gargoyles, foggy marshes, mad scientists, and melodramatic plotlines; Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818) is an example of the Romantic Gothic novel; Edgar Allan Poe’s mid-19th century Victorian Gothic tales arrived after the Gothic novel had fallen out of favor with the elite in England; Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey (1818) is the most well known satire of the Gothic novel, or mock-gothic.
Pastoral
Pastoral
A mode of literature rather than a genre; the pastoral explores the life of the everyday rural experience, esp. that of the sherpherd; the shepherd is often a Christ figure, guarding the flock; Classical pastorals, such as Hesiod’s “Works and Days,” demonstrates people in harmony with nature, such as in Eden, (and includes a shepherd); other pastorals are meant to suggest an alternative to urban life (and usually include a shepherd).
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism is a style and a movement; it presents the absurd as representative, unexpected juxtapositions as logical truths, and relies heavily on non sequitur (a comment so meaningless to what follows that it is comical); “How many surrealists does it take to change a light bulb? Banana.” The above surrealist painting by Salvador Dali is called “The Persistence of Memory.”
Naturalism
Naturalism
A literary school of thought that thrived from around 1840 to 1940s; the assumption is that human behavior is affected by heredity, the environment, and social forces; Naturalism rose in opposition to Romanticism, which stressed the ability of individuals to determine one’s own fate. Darwin’s “Origins of Species” was very influenctial. Where Romanticism is highly symbolic, Naturalism is literal, and where Romanticism explores magic, monsters, and all things Gothic, Naturalism dealt with the everyday as worthy of its own literature. “Stephen Crane’s “The Red Badge of Courage” is an example of naturalism”
Classicism
Classicism
A mode of literature in which the work demonstrates a clear admiration for the ancient Greek and Roman models of literature and seeks to emulate their forms; Classicism is found in literature, architecture, music, drama, dance, etc. “The dome, pillars, and frieze found in the U.S. Capitol building are all representative of Classicism expressed in architecture.”