US History Unit 2 test

Why were the Intolerable Acts were passed?
to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party
Which conflict created the debt that American colonists were expected to repay to Great Britain during the 1760s?
The French and Indian War
Under the terms of this agreement, Britain acknowledged American independence, and the new boundaries for the United States were established:
the Treaty of Paris of 1783
This European country became the most significant ally of the colonists during the Revolutionary War:
France
The Proclamation of 1763 declared:
the limitation of westward colonial expansion in an effort to stabilize relations with Native Americans
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was important because it:
convinced many Americans who had been undecided to support independence
Colonists who favored independence from Britain were known as:
patriots
Which event is reflected by the following headlines?
“Washington’s Gamble Succeeds”
“A Christmas the Continental Army – and the Hessians – Will Never Forget”
“A Surprise Attack and Victory Improves Morale”
The Continental Army’s crossing of the Delaware River into Trenton
Why were the Committees of Correspondence were created?
to keep all the colonies informed of English threats to American liberties
This French aristocrat aided the Continental Army by leading a command in Virginia and lobbying for French reinforcements:
Marquis de Lafayette
Tensions rose in the colonies when this incident left Crispus Attucks and four others dead:
Boston Massacre
This law, passed by Parliament, required colonists to pay a direct tax on printed items such as newspapers, playing cards and legal documents:
Stamp Act
In writing the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson drew most heavily from the ideas of this Enlightenment era philosopher:
John Locke
A major argument for American independence found in the Declaration of Independence was that the British:
deprived Americans of their natural rights
Continental Army: George Washington :: British Army :
Lord Cornwallis
The system that ensures that no branch of the federal government becomes more powerful than the others is known as:
checks and balances
The Continental Army won the war during this final battle when the American and French armies joined forces with two French fleets to surround the British and force their surrender:
Battle of Yorktown
The Great Compromise was an agreement that addressed the issue of:
Congressional representation of states
The essential purpose of the Bill of Rights was to:
protect individual liberties of citizens
The Land Ordinance of 1785 was developed under the Articles of Confederation in order to:
provide an orderly system of development for the Northwest Territory
The Three-Fifths Compromise settled a disagreement between:
northern states and southern states
In the aftermath of Shays’ Rebellion, many colonial leaders realized that the Articles of Confederation did not:
give the federal government sufficient power to enforce federal law
“Involvement in European affairs would be a mistake. We should not jeopardize our peace and prosperity over issues that Europe’s ambitions and rivalries control.” The above statement by George Washington expressed his concern regarding:
his position on foreign policy (stay out of European affairs)
Anti-Federalists were opposed to ratification of the Constitution because they feared that a powerful national government would lead to what 2 issues?
lead to an abuse of power by the federal government and restrict individual rights
Each of the following is a right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights EXCEPT the right to 
1. a jury trial
2. a college education
3. express an unpopular viewpoint
4. organize parades and protests
Each of the following is a right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights EXCEPT the right to

1. a jury trial
2. a college education
3. express an unpopular viewpoint
4. organize parades and protests

2. a college education
Adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution was championed by which particular group?
Anti-Federalists
Which of these men was NOT a federalist?
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
George Washington
John Adams
Which of these men was NOT a federalist?

Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
George Washington
John Adams

Thomas Jefferson
The Federalist Papers were published to build support for:
ratification of the Constitution
He is known as the “Father of the Constitution.”
James Madison
Natural rights : John Locke :: separation of powers :
Montesquieu
During the American Revolution, Benjamin Franklin played an important diplomatic role by:
strengthening the colonies’ alliance with France and obtaining French financial and military support
The Army . . . begins to grow sickly from the continued fatigues they have suffered this Campaign. . . . I am Sick - discontented - and out of humour. Poor food - hard lodging - Cold Weather - fatigue - Nasty [clothes] - nasty Cookery - Vomit half my time - the Devil's in't - I can't Endure it - Why are we sent here to starve and Freeze - Here all Confusion - smoke and Cold - hunger and filthiness - A pox on my bad luck.
-- from the Diary of Albigence Waldo, 1777
What is the most likely location of Albigence Waldo when he wrote this diary entry?
The Army . . . begins to grow sickly from the continued fatigues they have suffered this Campaign. . . . I am Sick – discontented – and out of humour. Poor food – hard lodging – Cold Weather – fatigue – Nasty [clothes] – nasty Cookery – Vomit half my time – the Devil’s in’t – I can’t Endure it – Why are we sent here to starve and Freeze – Here all Confusion – smoke and Cold – hunger and filthiness – A pox on my bad luck.

— from the Diary of Albigence Waldo, 1777

What is the most likely location of Albigence Waldo when he wrote this diary entry?

Valley Forge
The Whiskey Rebellion demonstrated the improved effectiveness of :
the federal government under the Constitution
The system of government adopted by the Founding Fathers that divided power between the national and the state government is known as:
federalism
Reflecting Back: Much as the Puritans founded Plymouth to escape religious persecution in England, which colony was founded to escape religious persecution by the Puritans?
Rhode Island
Reflecting Back: The colony that was founded on principles of social equality and religious tolerance was:
Pennsylvania
Who was excluded from the “all men are created equal” phrase in the Declaration of Independence?
women
African Americans
Native Americans

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