US History – Unit 1 Test

Johannes Gutenburg
Developed printing press
John Cabot
first European to discover Newfoundland in 1497
Bartolomé de las casas
Dominican priest who preached against Spanish abuses of Indians
Samuel de Champlain
founded Quebec
Zheng He
led seven large naval expeditions in early 1400s
Vasco de Gama
sailed around southern Africa and into the Indian Ocean
Christopher Columbus
Italian who sailed for Spain in 1492
Juan Ponce de Léon
explored Florida
Amerigo Vespucci
America was named for him
Hernán Cortés
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs
According to Bartolomé de las Casas….
Spain had cause the deaths of millions of innocent people in the new world
All of the following were nations that led to the explorations to the New World EXCEPT
Italy
Both the Aztecs and Inca empires were
large, wealthy, and sophisticated
Europeans tended to think which one of the following about Native Americans and their cultures?
Native Americans failed to make use of the land, so it was acceptable for Europeans to take it and use it
Europeans – particularly the English, French, and Dutch-generally claimed North American Indian land as their own based on…
Their view that Indians did not use the land properly
How did Spain justify enslaving Native Americans..
The Spanish believed that enslavement could liberate Native Americans from their backwardness and savagery and introduce them to Christian civilization
In 1519, who became the first European explorer to encounter the Aztec empire?
Hernán Cortés
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded..
Quebec
John Cabot sailed to…
Newfoundland
Native American religious ceremonies
were related to the Native American belief that sacred spirits could be found in living and inanimate things
Portuguese trading posts along the western coast of Africa were called factories because…
the merchants were known as factors
Pueblo indians lived in what is now…
the southwestern United States
Slavery in Africa…
involved the enslavement of criminals, debtors, and war captives.
The black legend described
Spain as a uniquely brutal colonizer.
The city situated along the Mississippi River with between 10,000 and 30,000 residents in the year 1200 is today known as:
Cahokia
The first center of the Spanish empire in America
the island of Hispaniola
The first European country to reach India by an all water route and gain riches was
Portugal
The government of the Spanish empire in America
included local officials who held a great deal of control
The New Laws of 1542
commanded that indians no longer be enslaved in Spanish possessions
The powerful Native American Confederation in the Northeast was the
Iroquois
The Spanish Justified their claim to land in the New World through all of the following EXCEPT
defeating the English fleet in 1588
The terms of God, Glory, Gold apply most readily to the explorations to the New World of which country
Spain
The transatlantic flow of people and goods such as corn, potatoes, horses, and sugarcane is called
the Columbian exchange
What geographic error did Columbus make
He is grossly underestimated the size of the earth
When Columbus reached the New World, what name did he give to the people he encountered because he thought he had reached the outskirt of Asia
Indians
Which of the following is true of Spain’s explorations of the New World?
Florida was the first region in the present day United States that Spain colonized
Which one of the following statements about Spanish America is true?
Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture-part Spanish, part Indian, and, in some areas, part African
Which statement about gender relations is FALSE for most Native American societies?
Tribal leaders were almost always women
Which statement about the Indians of North America is FALSE?
Indians lacked genuine religion
Which statement about the Pueblo Revolt is FALSE?
It was inspired by the Pope, but he died before the actual revolt took place
All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late 16th century EXCEPT
a lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries
Anne Hutchinson
opposed puritan ministers who distinguished saints from the damned through church attendance and moral behavior rather than through focusing on an inner state of grace.
For most New Englanders, Indians represented
savagery
How did the Virginia Company reshape the colony’s development?
It instituted the head right system, giving fifty acres of land to each colonist who paid for his owner another’s passage.
In contrast to life in the Chesapeake region, life in New England
was more family-oriented
In the 1650s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism
Oliver Cromwell
In the Economic exchanges between the English colonists and eastern Native Americans:
Native Americans initially welcomed the colonists’s goods.
In the Pequot War of 1637:
Connecticut and Massachusetts soldiers teamed with Narragansett allies to set the main Pequot village afire and kill 500 Pequots
The method used in which of the following countries anticipated policies England would undertake in America?
Ireland
Most 17th century migrants to North America from England:
were lower class men
the 104 settlers who remained in Virginia after the ships that brought them from England returned home:
were all men, reflecting the Virginia Company’s interest in searching for gold as opposed to building a functioning society
The Magna Carta:
granted many liberties, but mainly to lords and barons
The Puritan minister Thomas Hooker
founded what became part of the colony of Connecticut
The Virginia house of Burgesses
was created as part of the Virginia Company’s effort to encourage the colony’s survival
What did English Settlers in North America believe was the basis of liberty
Land
What was Virginia’s “gold” which ensure its survival and prosperity
tobacco
When Roger Williams established the colony of Rhode Isand
he made sure that it was more democratic than Massachusetts Bay
WHEN THE Virginia Company gave control of the Virginia colony to the king in 1624
Virginia became the first loyal company
Which of the following is true of the puritans of the 17th century?
The agreed that the church of England retained too many elements of Catholicism in its rituals and doctrines
Which of the following is true of the Puritans’ dealings with Quakers?
Their Officials in Massachusetts punished Quakers financially and physically
Which of the following is true of warfare between colonists and Native Americans during the 17th century
Among the colonists, it generated a strong sense of superiority
Which of the following statements is true about the early history of Jamestown
the death rate was extraordinarily high
Which one of the following statements is true of Queen Mary of England, who reigned from 1533 to 1558
She temporarily restored Catholicism as the state of religion in England
Why did England consider Spain its enemy by the late 1500s
Because of religious differences
Why did King Henry VIII break from the catholic church?
he wanted a divorce and the pope refused to grant it.
The biggest reason Jews left Europe was
to escape rigid religious restrictions
According to New England Puritans witchcraft
resulted from pacts that women made with the devil
Pennsylvania’s treatment of Native Americans was unique in what way
Pennsylvania purchased Indian land that was then resold to colonists and offered refuge to tribes driven out of other colonies
“anglicization” meant all of the following EXCEPT:
colonists were determined to speak English as perfectly as those who lived in England
The first English Navigation Act, adopted during the rule of Oliver Cromwell
aimed to wrest control of world trade from the Dutch
The German migration to English colonies
led to the formation of many farming communities
William Penn was a member of which religious group
Quakers
All of the following were factors enticing migration to the British colonies EXCEPT:
cheap and safe transatlantic transportation
Which of the following was true of the colonial elite
They controlled colonial government
North American crops and preoducts
were part of a commercial trade network that knitted together a far-flung empire
As accusations and executions multiplied in Salem, what was the lang-term impact of the witchcraft trials there?
the number of witchcraft prosecutions in Massachusetts declined markedly
What was the Covenant Chain
an alliance made by the governor of New York and the Iroquois Confederacy
The fundamental constitution of carolina
proposed a feudal society in the New world, complete with hereditary nobility
Captain Jacob Leisler, the head of the rebel militia that took control of New York in 1689:
was overthrown and killed in so grisly a manner that the rivalry between his friends and foes
Enumerated goods
colonial goods: tobacco and sugar
Who finally ended the Salem Witch Trials
The Massachusetts governor
What role did Native Americans play in the British imperial wars during the 18th century
they did much of the fighting in the wars
Which man was once a slave, only to be freed and own his own slaves
Anthony Johnson
What was William Penn’s most fundamental principle
religious freedom
What was the impact of King Philip’s war (1675-1676)
In the long run the war produced a broadening of freedom for whites in New England
Which of the following fits the description of a person most likely to have been accused of witchcraft in 17th century New England?
a women beyond childbearing age who was outspoken, economically independent, or estranged from her husband
According to the economic theory known as mercantilism
the government should regulate economic activity so as to promote national power.
Slavery developed more slowly in North America than in the English West Indies because…
The high death rate among tobacco workers made it economically unappealing to pay more for a slave likely to die within a short time
Why did the accusations of witchcraft in Salem suddenly snowball in 1692
The only way to avoid prosecution was to confess and name others
Bacon’s Rebellion was a response to…
worsening economic conditions in Virginia
Once Massachusetts became a royal colony in 1691
It was required to abide by the English Act of Toleration, which displeased many Puritan leaders.
During the colonial era, Philadelphia:
Became home to a varied population of artisans and craftsman
The Glorious Revolution witnessed uprisings in colonial America, including ones in:
New York and Maryland
As English colonial society became more structured in the 18th century what were the effects on women
Women’s work became more clearly defined as tied closely to the home
By the 18th century, consumer goods such as books and ceramic plates:
Were found in many colonial residents’ homes.
According to Bartolomé de Las Casas
Spain had caused the deaths of millions of innocent people in the New World
What nation didn’t lead in explorations to the New World
Italy
Both the Aztec and Inca empires were
large, wealthy, and sophisticated
Europeans tended to think which one of the following about Native Americans and their cultures?
Native Americas failed to make use of the land, so it was acceptable for Europeans to take it and use it
Europeans-particularly the English, French, and Dutch-generally claimed North American Indian land as their own based on
Their view that Indians did not use the land properly
How did Spain justify enslaving Native Americans?
The Spanish believed that enslavement could liberate Native Americans from their backwardness and savagery and introduce them to Christian civilization
In 1519, who became the first European explorer to encounter the Aztec empire?
Hernán Cortès
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded:
Quebec
John Cabot sailed to:
Newfoundland
Native American religious ceremonies:
were related to the Native American belief that sacred spirits could be found in living and inanimate things
Portuguese trading posts along the western coast of Africa were called factories because:
the merchants were known as factors
Pueblo Indians lived in what is now:
the southwestern United States
Slavery in Africa:
Involved the enslavement of criminals , debtors, and war captives
The Black Legend described:
Spain as a uniquely brutal colonizer
The city situated along the Mississippi River with between 10,000 and 30,000 residents in the year 1200 is today known as:
Cahokia
The first center of the Spanish empire in America:
Was the island of Hispaniola
The first European country to reach India by an all water route and gain riches was
Portugal
The government of the Spanish empire in America:
included local officials who held a great deal of control
The New Laws of 1542:
Commanded that Indians no longer be enslaved in Spanish possessions
The powerful Native American Confederation in the Northeast was the
Iroquois
The Spanish justified their claim to land in the New World through all except:
Defeating the English fleet in 1588
The terms God, Glory, Gold apply most readily to the explorations to the New World of which country
Spain
The transatlantic flow of people and goods such as corn, potatoes, horses, and sugarcane is called:
The Columbian Exchange
What geographic error did Columbus make?
He grossly underestimated the size of the earth
When Columbus reached the New World, what name did he give to the people he encountered because he thought he had reached the outskirts of Asia
Indians
Which of the following is true of Spain’s explorations of the New World?
Florida was the first region in the present- day United States that Spain colonized
Which one of the following statements about Spanish America is true?
Over time, Spanish America evolved into a hybrid culture- part Spanish, part Indian, and , in some areas, part African
Which statement about gender relations is FALSE for most Native American societies?
Tribal leaders were almost always women
Which statement about the Indians of North America is FALSE?
Indians lacked genuine religion
Which statement about the Pueblo Revolt is FALSE?
It was inspired by the Pope, but he died before the actual revolt took place
What did not contribute to the English social crisis of the late 16th century
A lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries
Anne Hutchinson:
opposed Puritan ministers who distinguished saints from the damned through church attendance and moral behavior rather than through focusing on an inner state of grace
For most New Englanders, Indians represented:
Savagery
How did the Virginia Company reshape the colony’s development?
It instituted the headright system, giving 50 acres of land to each colonist who paid for his own or another’s passage
In contrast to life in the Chesapeake region, life in New England:
was more family- oriented
In the 1650s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism?
Oliver Cromwell
In the economic exchanges between the English colonists and eastern Native Americans:
Native Americans initially welcomed the colonists’ goods
In the Pequot War of 1637:
Connecticut and Massachusetts soldiers teamed with Narragansett allies to set the main Pequot village afire and kill 500 Pequots
Just as the reconquest of Spain from the Moors established patterns that would be repeated in Spanish New World colonization, the methods used in which one of the following countries anticipated policies England would undertake in America?
Ireland
Most seventeenth-century migrants to North America from England
Were lower class men
The 104 settlers who remained in Virginia after the ships that brought them from England returned home:
Were all men, reflecting the Virginia Company s interest in searching for gold as opposed to building a functioning society
The Magna Carta:
granted many liberties but mainly to lord and barons
The Puritan minister Thomas Hooker:
founded what became part of the colony of Connecticut
The Virginia House of Burgesses:
was created as part of the Virginia Company’s effort to encourage the colony’s survival
What did English settlers in North America believe was the basis of liberty?
land
What was Virginia’s “gold,” which ensured its survival and prosperity?
Tobacco
When Roger Williams established the colony of Rhode Island:
He made sure that it was more democratic than Massachusetts bay
When the Virginia Company gave control of the Virginia colony to the king in 1624:
Virginia became the first royal colony
Which of the following is true of the Puritans of the seventeenth century?
They agreed that the Church of England retained too many elements of Catholicism in its rituals and doctrines.
Which of the following is true of the Puritans’ dealings with Quakers?
Their officials in Massachusetts punished Quakers financially and physically, even hanging several of them.
Which of the following is true of warfare between colonists and Native Americans during the seventeenth century?
Among the colonists, it generated a strong sense of superiority.
Which of the following statements is true about the early history of Jamestown?
The death rate was extraordinarily high.
Which one of the following statements is true of Queen Mary of England, who reigned from 1553 to 1558?
She temporarily restored Catholicism as the state religion of England.
Why did England consider Spain its enemy by the late 1500s?
Because of religious differences: England had officially broken with the Roman Catholic Church, while Spain was devoutly Catholic
Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church?
He wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it
“Enumerated” goods:
were colonial products, such as tobacco and sugar, that first had to be imported to England.
Slavery developed more slowly in North America than in the English West Indies because:
the high death rate among tobacco workers made it economically unappealing to pay more for a slave likely to die within a short time.
All of the following were factors enticing migration to the British colonies EXCEPT:
cheap and safe transatlantic transportation.
The biggest reason Jews left Europe was:
to escape rigid religious restrictions in German-speaking areas of Europe.
The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina:
proposed a feudal society in the New World, complete with hereditary nobility.
Which man was once a slave, only to be freed and own slaves himself?
Anthony Johnson
What role did Native Americans play in British imperial wars during the eighteenth century?
They did much of the fighting in the wars.
Which of the following fits the description of a person most likely to have been accused of witchcraft in seventeenth-century New England?
a woman beyond childbearing age who was outspoken, economically independent, or estranged from her husband
The German migration to the English colonies:
led to the formation of many farming communities.
The first English Navigation Act, adopted during the rule of Oliver Cromwell:
aimed to wrest control of world trade from the Dutch.
According to the economic theory known as mercantilism:
the government should regulate economic activity so as to promote national power.
According to New England Puritans, witchcraft:
resulted from pacts that women made with the devil to obtain supernatural powers or interfere with natural processes.
As accusations and executions multiplied in Salem, what was the long-term impact of the witchcraft trials there?
The number of witchcraft prosecutions in Massachusetts declined markedly.
As English colonial society became more structured in the eighteenth century, what were the effects on women?
Women’s work became more clearly defined as tied closely to the home.
The Glorious Revolution witnessed uprisings in colonial America, including ones in:
New York and Maryland.
What was William Penn’s most fundamental principle?
religious freedom
North American crops and products:
were part of a commercial trade network that knitted together a far-flung empire.
Who finally ended the Salem witch trials?
the Massachusetts governor
Captain Jacob Leisler, the head of the rebel militia that took control of New York in 1689:
was overthrown and killed in so grisly a manner that the rivalry between his friends and foes polarized New York politics for years.
Once Massachusetts became a royal colony in 1691:
it was required to abide by the English Act of Toleration, which displeased many Puritan leaders.
What was the Covenant Chain?
an alliance made by the governor of New York and the Iroquois Confederacy
During the colonial era, Philadelphia:
became home to a varied population of artisans and craftsmen.
William Penn was a member of which religious group?
Quakers
Bacon’s Rebellion was a response to:
worsening economic conditions in Virginia.
What was the impact of King Philip’s War (1675-1676)?
In the long run the war produced a broadening of freedom for whites in New England.
Why did the accusations of witchcraft in Salem suddenly snowball in 1692?
The only way to avoid prosecution was to confess and name others.
By the eighteenth century, consumer goods such as books and ceramic plates:
were found in many colonial residents’ homes.
Which of the following was true of the colonial elite?
They controlled colonial government.
“Anglicization” meant all of the following EXCEPT:
colonists were determined to speak English as perfectly as those who lived in England.
Pennsylvania’s treatment of Native Americans was unique in what way?
Pennsylvania purchased Indian land that was then resold to colonists and offered refuge to tribes driven out of other colonies

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