a. They decided to fight against the British
b. They supported British taxation
c. They thought Patriots were too radical
d. They wanted to return to Britain
a. Convince the public that slavery was necessary for the South
b. Build public support for the abolition of slavery
c. Pressure the government to decrease taxes on southern farmers
d. Win for women the same rights that med held
a. Custom of having a ruling king or queen
b. Right to pay no tax unless it was levied by their own representatives
c. Freedom to wage violent protests if they thought it was necessary
d. Potential to have an aristocratic house in the legislature
a. Northerners were no longer able to ignore slavery and its effects
b. Southerners were angry that Northerners were capturing salves to work in factories
c. The act encouraged enslaved persons to move North to escape bondage in the South
d. The act was a significant victory for Northern abolitionists
b. Charles Darwin
c. John Locke
a. The Battle of Bunker Hill
b. The Battle of Vicksburg
c. The Battle of Shiloh
d. The Battle of Gettysburg
a. The North had more factories
b. The South had more railroads
c. The South was more populated
d. The North was more agricultural
a. Checks and balances, separation of powers, and a unicameral legislature
b. Federalism, abolition of slavery, and reserved powers
c. Checks and balances, federalism, and separation of powers
d. Delegated powers, federalism, and voting rights for all men over 21
a. A strong central government will be able to handle the problems that face the new nation
b. Without a Bill of Rights, the Constitution will not provide basic liberties
c. The Constitution will strengthen the democratic state governments and decrease the powers of the central government
d. The Constitution will provide a more elitist government by concentrating power in relatively few hands at a great distance from voters
a. To control protests against taxes imposed by Parliament
b. To encourage buying goods imported from Britain
c. To get rid of the British troops that were in the colonies
d. To give women another job in the colonies
-what it led to
-one factor that contributed to the Revolution
-what it did do for women
-how did it inspire other countries
One factor contributing to the Revolution was the belief of the colonists that they should not have to pay taxes since they did not have representatives in Parliament
Allowed women to gain more respect because of their role in helping with the cause
Gave hope to other people in other countries who also began to fight for their own rights against aristocratic governments (governments led by nobles or the wealthy)
-it’s the plan for
-the principles of our government
It contains principles of our government, like separation of powers, checks and balances, popular sovereignty, and federalism
2. Checks and Balances
3. Popular Sovereignty
The North had an industrial economy; the South was largely agricultural
Northern workers included immigrants, while many Southerners relied on slaves to work their farms or plantations.
William Lloyd Garrison tried to gain support for the abolition (outlawing) of slavery by the publication of his newspaper known as The Liberator
Many Southerners feared that he would try to end slavery in their state, so they decided to secede (leave) and form their own country. They called their country the Confederate States of America (or sometimes it is called the Confederacy)
This led to the Civil War (North versus South).
Had many immigrant workers
Northern states were free states, meaning that slavery did not exist in those states
Although many Northerners opposed slavery, many still did not view African Americans as their equals
Many plantation owners relied on slave labor
Wanted to be sure to keep slavery legal
Viewed slaves as their property, and not as people deserving of rights
It was a period of rebuilding after the war and readmitting states to the United States (bringing states back into the United States that had rebelled)
Since the Constitution does not have a plan for this process, there was much controversy about it
It led to the “Civil War Amendments;” These are the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution that ended slavery (13th), granted citizenship rights to former slaves (14th), and gave African American males the right to vote (15th)
a. It gave African American men the right to vote
b. It eliminated all racial barriers in the South
c. It healed bitterness between the North and South
d. It resulted in the ratification of the 12th Amendment
a.The Freemen’s Bureau
b. The Jim Crow Laws
c. The 15th Amendment
d. The 14th Amendment
a. Allowed Native Americans to go back to their nomadic lifestyles
b. Helped Native Americans open businesses
c. Granted each Native American family a 160 acre homestead
d. Restocked the Great Plains with buffalo
a. New York, New York
b. Dayton, Ohio
c. Chicago, Illinois
d. Promontory Point, Utah
a. Elected officials rewarded their supporters with jobs
b. Government workers received their jobs due to their expertise
c. Presidential candidates participated in elaborate rallies to get out the vote
d. Political participation and partisanship declined
a. Light bulb
c. Assembly line
a. Bought few raw materials
b. Moved to countries where labor was less expensive
c. Paid their workers the lowest possible wage
d. Expanded into foreign markets
a. Raw resources
d. Business regulations
c. Business regulation
a. Higher cost of living
b. Clean city streets
c. Difficult access to supplies
d. Fewer cultural opportunities
a. The coinage of gold
b. Education on new farming techniques
c. Government ownership of the railroads
d. An end to political corruption
a. TR spoke about them in his radio addresses
b. Their sensational accounts were read by millions
c. The men only group had a lot of influence in America
d. None of the above
a. A sharecropper
b. A factor worker
c. A landowner
d. A factory owner
a. In the suburbs
b. In tenements
c. In single-family homes
d. In high rises
a. Irish immigrants
b. Polish immigrants
c. Chinese immigrants
d. Italian immigrants
a. Defend weak nations against aggressive acts by other nations
b. Offer military assistance in exchange for economic aid
c. Help weak nations develop democratic forms of government
d. Extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories
5. Assassination of archduke
Many African Americans who remained in the South became sharecroppers
Jim Crow Laws were passed in the South after the Civil War; these allowed for segregation and limited the freedoms of African Americans
Plessy v. Ferguson was a Supreme Court case in 1896 that said that Jim Crow Laws and segregation was allowed if equal accommodations were provided (“separate but equal”)
Different leaders emerged for African Americans at the turn of the century; WEB DuBois founded the NAACP in 1909, while Booker T. Washington encouraged African Americans to be trained in trades to assist with their inclusion in white society
Faced discrimination for differences with language, religion, and cultural practices
Arrived in the U.S. as a result of push factors (factors causing them to leave their home country) and pull factors (factors that brought them to the U.S.)
For European immigrants, they were processed in New York at Ellis Island; for Asian immigrants, they were processed in California at Angel Island
A shift from agriculture to industry
Many factors contributed to the growth of industry, including raw materials, inventions, and immigration
Stated the advantages of imperialism, including access to resources, more markets for U.S. goods, and the establishment of military bases throughout the world
Formed an organization, the American Anti-Imperialist League, to speak out against imperialism
Believed that imperialism went against American values and principles, especially the notion of consent of the governed
As a result of the war, the U.S. received some territories from the Spanish
After the end of the war, the U.S. fought in the Philippines against those who wanted the Philippines to be an independent nation and not under the control of the U.S.
Imperialism (the desire to expand and spread influence to other places)
Militarism (the build-up of the military in different nations)
Alliances (secret alliances, or agreements, between nations to come to the assistance of other nations if they were attacked)
2. The U.S. joined the Allies in 1917
3. Many factors influenced the U.S. getting involved, including Germany’s invasion of neutral Belgium, the sinking of the Lusitania and other passenger ships by German U-boats (submarines), and the Zimmermann Note
4. The Zimmermann Note was a note meant to be secret that was sent by Germany to Mexico; however, it was intercepted by the British. The note promised Mexico territory that it lost to the United States if Mexico would ally itself with Germany during WWI
a. To contrast the actions of the Spanish in Cuba with those of Great Britain in China
b. To emphasize that the democratic traditions of the US do not support imperialism
c. To point out that international law does not actually prevent the US from acquiring overseas territories
d. To question the part of international law that forbids imperialism
a. Help pull the US out of the Great Depression
b. Increase the influence and power of the US among nations of the world
c. Keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of small business owners and the poor
d. Help business trusts remain competitive
a. Retreated from its efforts to gain control of overseas territories
b. Had gained an empire and new stature in world affairs
c. Was forced to give up control of Cuba
d. Agreed to return control of the Philippines to Spain
c. Boston Harbor
The speaker in the quotation above uses a metaphor to describe the situation African Americans faced after slavery. What issue is the minister addressing?
a. what method of transportation African Americans should use to escape slavery
b. Lincoln’s emancipation policy
c. whom freedmen should look to for leadership
d. whether freedmen should return to Africa or remain in the United States
a. The ironworks at Vicksburg supplied most of the Confederacy’s weapons.
b. Vicksburg was the capital of the Confederacy.
c. Vicksburg was the key to the Anaconda Plan’s goal of gaining control of the Mississippi River and cutting the South in half.
d. Vicksburg was the headquarters of Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.
a. a lower drinking age.
b. the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment.
c. the legalization of bootlegging.
d. stronger enforcement of restrictions on drinking.
a. teach about Darwin’s theory of evolution.
b. tell students that the Bible contained errors.
c. teach a course on the Bible.
d. speak out against Darwin’s theory of evolution.
a. a cause of new divisions between white and black Americans.
b. a symbol of American domination of the post-World War I world.
c. mainly associated with white musicians in the northern United States.
d. a demonstration of the depth and richness of African American culture.
b. bank owners
c. industrial workers
d. stock market investors
a. The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand triggered the war.
b. Leaders prepared for a war by decreasing the size of their armies.
c. Social Darwinism soothed some of the competition between the countries before the war.
d. Countries did not form alliances because it would force them to enter war.
a. German and Russian monarchies became stronger.
b. The United States became the largest creditor nation.
c. Europeans used their money to buy American goods.
d. France no longer had a demand for British goods.
a. paid farmers not to grow certain crops.
b. gave local residents subsidies for moving to the cities.
c. built a series of dams to control floods and generate electricity.
d. helped farmers plant new kinds of drought-resistant crops.
Which New Deal agency related most closely to what President Roosevelt was speaking about in this quotation?
a. Securities and Exchange Commission
b. Civilian Conservation Corps
c. Tennessee Valley Authority
d. Civil Works Administration
—Albigence Waldo on the care of the sick at Valley Forge
Albigence Waldo was a physician at Valley Forge. What does he say about the quality of care that sick soldiers received at Valley Forge?
a. The soldiers receive the same treatment as if they were at home.
b. Many don’t suffer in the cold despite being housed in tents.
c. Many soldiers are treated with remedies that do nothing to cure them.
d. Despite receiving different treatment from the normal, few of the sick die.
a. Theodore Roosevelt
b. William Taft
c. Woodrow Wilson
d. Franklin Roosevelt
a. War reparations
c. Division of Germany’s empire
d. The League of Nations