US history Chapter 7

Early American cities witnessed most Americans ________ to work
walking
The cotton gin was invented b
Eli Whitney.
Free black women in early American cities worked as
domestics.
In which of the following port cities was nearly half the population black in 1820?
New Orleans.
By 1820, the population of New York numbered over _______ people.
100,000
By the 1820s, Philadelphia was becoming a center of ______ production.
textile
The Cherokee, in particular, embraced
Christianity.
The Indian Intercourse Act of 1790 dealt with
federal treaties and Indian land.
Washington’s first Secretary of War was
Henry Knox.
In the early 1800s, slaves were imported into Georgia and
South Carolina.
Iroquois in New York dealt with missionaries known as
Quakers.
The Federalist’s early policies were intended to
All of these answers are correct.
Methodists and Baptists were particularly energized by the Second Great Awakening.
True
The Second Great Awakening was confined to New England.
False
Robert Fulton invented the railroad locomotive.
False
George Washington’s birthday unified the nation in the early 1800s.
True
Human travel was the only means of mass communication across space in the early American Republic.
True
Leading the Supreme Court during the early 1800s, __________ left an indelible stamp upon early American government.
Case Sensitivity:Chief Justice John Marshall
In the case of __________ (1816), the Court claimed appellate jurisdiction over the decisions of state courts.
Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee
President James Madison launched a __________ network of roads and canals.
subsidized
The colony of Louisiana became part of the United States in the year
1803.
Streets in early American cities
filthy and maintained by swine.
During the immediate postwar years, Native Americans
refused to see themselves as conquered peoples.
In which of the following port cities was nearly half the population black in 1820?
New Orleans.
In February 1792, Congress approved the ______ bill.
bank
By 1820, the population of New York numbered over _______ people.
100,000
New Orleans was originally a colony of the
French.
Which of the following men was NOT an early subscriber to the Federalist philosophy?
Thomas Jefferson
In 1791 Congress made a new tax law known as the
Whiskey Tax.
Indians who assimilated more than most included the
Cherokee.
The number of newspapers steadily decreased over time in the early United States.
False
In the 1790s, the United States experienced a religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening.
True
South Carolina’s __________ was a War Hawk regarding the War of 1812.
John Callhoun
John C Calhoun
Religious life in the colonies was marked by
a scarcity of trained ministers.
France’s interior empire in North America
had many settlements that were mixed-race communities.
In 1718 in North America, France settled
New Orleans.
The advent of “modern” life occurred first in the seaboard centers of colonial America, including the transition from a
barter to a commercial economy.:
The typical master in colonial America wished to convert the slave into a(n)
mindless drudge who obeyed every command.
The social structure of American colonial cities from 1690 to 1770 was influenced by
an increasing gap between the wealthy and the poor.
New Englanders opted for more of a mixed economy than settlers in the middle or southern colonies because in New England
availability and productivity of land was limited.
For urban artisans in colonial America,
a major goal was economic independence.
All of the following represent theories of Enlightenment thinkers EXCEPT the notion that
God predetermined the contents of the human mind.:
In 1712, a major slave rebellion occurred in
New York, New York.
Which of the following statements concerning immigrants to colonial America during the first half of the eighteenth century is correct?
German-speaking immigrants settled in Pennsylvania.
Colonial America in the first half of the eighteenth century experienced
population growth and economic development.
In the 1750s, the concept that slavery violated the Enlightenment’s emphasis on human equality began to grow.
True
Food shortages were frequent occurrences in British North America.
False
John Locke, an Enlightenment thinker, wrote Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689).
Correct True
It was noted as early as the 1750s that the gap in population between England and her colonies was closing rapidly.
True
Eighteenth-century indentured servants possessed many opportunities for economic advancement.
False
Eliza Lucas Pinckney, a wealthy South Carolina planter’s wife, experimented successfully in the 1740s with the cultivation of __________ , a plant from which a blue dye could be extracted for use in textiles.
indigo
A system of small forts, trading posts, and agricultural villages throughout the central area of North America was established in the early eighteenth century by the __________ .
France
The power of the colonial press was tested in 1733 by the __________ case.
John Peter Zenger
In the republican worldview, governmental power
threatened liberty.
The British Proclamation of 1763
ordered colonial governors to reserve lands west of the Appalachian Mountains for Native American nations.
Who were the major social groups during the Revolution other than elites?
All of these answers are correct.
The Boston Massacre, in which five townspeople were killed by British redcoats,
convinced Governor Hutchinson to order British troops out of town.:
Why did the Cherokee sue for peace with the British in 1761?
All of these answers are correct.
The struggle with England over colonial rights between 1764 and 1776 revealed that
colonial society was not unified.
How did farmers respond to the movement toward revolution in the colonies?
They came around slowly to the cause of revolution.
Passage of the Declaratory Act by Parliament
Parliament’s power to enact laws for the colonies in “all cases whatsoever.”
Americans objected to the Tea Act of 1773 because it would
make it difficult for American merchants to compete with British merchants.
The end of the Seven Years’ War left the American colonies
debt-ridden and weakened in manpower.
During the 1760s and 1770s, urban artisans in America
used political discontent to demand internal reforms.
Even before the Second Continental Congress assembled in May 1775, most colonies had created extralegal, revolutionary governments that
All of these answers are correct.
By the time the Second Continental Congress met, the fabric of government was badly torn in most colonies.
Correct True
The colonial clergy failed to support the cause of independence during the buildup to revolution.
Correct False
Colonial women played a vital role in the movement toward revolution
True
The Declaratory Act, passed in response to the colonial turmoil over the Stamp Act, failed to resolve the issue of Parliament’s right to tax the colonies.
True
Cities contained only 5 percent of the colonial population.
True
At Fort Duquesne, the French rebuffed the attempts of young Virginia militia colonel __________ to establish an English fort at the forks of the Ohio River.
George Washington
Between 1759 and 1761, the __________ tribe fought against the British in North America.
Cherokee
The __________ ended the Seven Years’ War in 1763.”
the Treaty of Paris
In the republican worldview, governmental power
threatened liberty.
The British Proclamation of 1763
ordered colonial governors to reserve lands west of the Appalachian Mountains for Native American nations.
Who were the major social groups during the Revolution other than elites?
All of these answers are correct.
The Boston Massacre, in which five townspeople were killed by British redcoats,
convinced Governor Hutchinson to order British troops out of town.
Why did the Cherokee sue for peace with the British in 1761?
All of these answers are correct.
The struggle with England over colonial rights between 1764 and 1776 revealed that
colonial society was not unified.
How did farmers respond to the movement toward revolution in the colonies?
They came around slowly to the cause of revolution.
Passage of the Declaratory Act by Parliament
asserted Parliament’s power to enact laws for the colonies in “all cases whatsoever.”
Americans objected to the Tea Act of 1773 because it would
make it difficult for American merchants to compete with British merchants.:debt-ridden and weakened in manpower.
During the 1760s and 1770s, urban artisans in America
used political discontent to demand internal reforms.
Even before the Second Continental Congress assembled in May 1775, most colonies had created extralegal, revolutionary governments that
All of these answers are correct.
By the time the Second Continental Congress met, the fabric of government was badly torn in most colonies.
True
The colonial clergy failed to support the cause of independence during the buildup to revolution.
False
Colonial women played a vital role in the movement toward revolution.
True
The Declaratory Act, passed in response to the colonial turmoil over the Stamp Act, failed to resolve the issue of Parliament’s right to tax the colonies.
True
Cities contained only 5 percent of the colonial population.
True
At Fort Duquesne, the French rebuffed the attempts of young Virginia militia colonel __________ to establish an English fort at the forks of the Ohio River.
George Washington
Between 1759 and 1761, the __________ tribe fought against the British in North America.
Cherokee
The __________ ended the Seven Years’ War in 1763.
the Treaty of Paris
In the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the United States agreed to a western boundary at the Mississippi River.
True
Swarms of camp followers surrounded Washington’s army and proved to always be of vital assistance.
False
About half of New York City’s population fled when the British occupied the city.
True
Very few American soldiers were immigrants.
False
France entered the American Revolutionary War on the American side in 1778.
True
A(n) __________ virus killed an estimated 130,000 people in North America in the 1770s and 1780s.
smallpox
The American Revolution gave rise to the idea of separating __________ and state.
church
In 1786, Virginia adopted A Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom, written by ____________.
Jefferson
Which of the following tribes controlled the southern interior?
All of these answers are correct.
During the first year of the Revolution in New England, the
British decided to evacuate Boston.
As the Revolutionary War lengthened and its costs increased, which of the following groups would have been LEAST likely to contribute soldiers for the cause?
men of wealth and influence
Who took advantage of the confusion and chaos of war in Georgia and the Carolinas?
private bands of marauders
Which of the following issues was NOT a contributing factor to Shays’s Rebellion?
Indian raids
All of the following factors contributed to American victory in the Revolution EXCEPT the
overwhelming support by Congress and the state governments for the continental army. :
The agreement to have a two-part national legislature meant
All of these answers are correct.
According to the Treaty of Paris (1783), ending the American Revolution,
all British forces would evacuate American territory “with all convenient speed.” :
For American civilians, the Revolution
often caused destruction or confiscation of their property.
The British invasion of the southern states was complicated by the
colonial use of local knowledge and unconventional tactics.
Initially in the Revolutionary War, the French concentrated their fleet near
West Indies.
The medical treatment soldiers received
did little good and often did harm.