US History Chapter 18 Imperialism

Queen Liluokalani
Queen of Hawaii who was forced to give up her throne because of American business interests
United States Imperalism
belief that the U.S. should take economic, political and military control power over weaker countries
Alfred T. Mahan
U.S. admiral who supported the growth of the U.S. Navy and colonies overseas
William Seward
Secretary of State who purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Pearl Harbor
U.S. naval bases built in Hawaii
Jose Marti
Cuban poet and journalist who led a rebellion for independence from Spain
Valeriano Weyler
general sent from Spain to Cuba to restore order
yellow journalism
exaggeration of the news to make it more exciting
de Lome letter
letter written by a Spanish diplomat criticizing President McKinley as being weak
U.S.S. Maine
American warship in Cuba that was believed to have been exploded by Spain
George Dewey
American naval commander who led the attack on the Phillipines
Rough Riders
fighting unit led by Theodore Roosevelt in Cuba
San Juan Hill
location where the Spanish surrendered to the U.S. in Cuba
Treaty of Paris (1898)
treaty that ended the Spanish American War
Foraker Act
law that ended military rule and set up a civil government in Puerto Rico
Platt Amendment
amendment in the Cuban constitution that gave the U.S. special privileges
a country that is partly controlled by a stronger country
Emilio Aguinaldo
Filipino rebel who led a revolt against the U.S.
John Hay
US Secretary of state who sent the Open Door notes
Open Door notes
message sent by John Hay calling for China’s ports to remain open and for China to remain independent in order to protect US trading rights
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese rebellion against Western influence; Chinese Nationalist Uprising
Panama Canal
channel across Central America connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
Roosevelt Corollary
Roosevelt’s extension to the Monroe Doctrine that stated that the US has the right to protect its economic interests in Latin America
dollar diplomacy
policy of intervening in other countries to protect U.S. business interests
Francisco “Pancho” Villa
Mexican revolutionary that led a rebellion against Carranza, new leader of Mexico, and his followers also killed American troops
Emiliano Zapata
Mexican rebel, led a peasant revolt, understood the misery of peasant villagers
John J. Pershing
general sent by President Wilson to capture Pancho Villa
Anti-Imperialist League
group of antiimperialists that advocated for isolationism, thought it was wrong for the U.S. to rule other people without their consent
The Spanish American War
caused the United States to be recognized as a world power
Open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899 advocating for maintaining free trade in China
Pancho Villa
a Mexican revolutionary
Sanford Dole
a former leader of Hawaii
Big Stick Policy
A policy enacted by President Roosevelt that encouraged being peaceful in making resolutions but use force if necessary.
a self-governing territory associated with another country
Seward Folly
1867 William Seward, Secretary of state bought Alaska from Russia to exploit its oil
Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
Reasons for American Imperialism
Quest for new markets, raw materials, and investment opportunity
President McKinley
it provided the US with a major foothold in the western pacific and access to Asian markets. Hawaii/Phillipines
War in the Philippines
When the U.S. military was ordered to keep the Philippines as an American territory, this war broke out in 1899. The war lasted about three years. In the end, the Philippines was a U.S. territory until 1946.
Puerto Rico
A U.S. territory; the U.S. gained it from Spain as a result of the Spanish-American War. People here have U.S. citizenship, and many here would like it to be a U.S. state.
Taft Diplomacy
dollar diplomacy- economic power by guarenteeing loans made to foreign countries
America attained Hawaii by forcing the Hawaiian King to sign a constitution and reduced his power. The Queen Liliuokalani gave up her country because she didn’t want to go to war with America. Hawaii became the 50th State

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