US history 1 chapter 2-3

John Smith
English explorer and soldier, founded Jamestown
joint-stock companies
businesses in which investors pool their money/wealth for a common purpose
Jamestown
first location of English settlement
headright system
the Virginia company’s policy of granting 50 acres of land to each settler and each family member who accompanied him
indentured servant
a person who has contracted to work for a limited period, often in return for travel expenses, shelter and sustenance
royal colony
a colony under the direct control of the English Monarch
Nathaniel Bacon&Bacon’s rebellion
he despised the native americans and raised an army to fight against them
Puritans
church members who wanted to reform the church of England
John Winthrop
the Puritans governor
Separatists
a member of the Puritan groups who denied any possibility of change within the Church of England, established their own separate churches
William Penn
wanted to establish a haven for Quakers in America
proprietor
someone granted ownership and full governing rights over certain English colonies
quakers
a protestant sect whose religious and social beliefs were radical for the time
mercantilism
nations seek to increase wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver by establishing a favorable amount of trade
navigation acts
laws enacted by Parliament beginning in 1651 to tighten England’s control of trade in America
salutary neglect
England relaxes law enforcement in return from economic loyalty from the colonies
cash crop
crop grown by a farmer for sale rather the personal use
triangular trade
transatlantic system of trade where goods and people were exchanged between Africa, England, West Indies and the colonies of America
Middle passage
voyage that brought enslaved africans to the west indies and later north american
enlightenment
intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge
great awakening
the revival of religious feeling in the colonies in 1730’s and 1750’s