Unit Test 4- Reproductive System: Essay Questions:

Describe the effects of aging on the male and female reproductive systems.
Male: higher risk for prostate cancer, lower levels of testosterone, rate of sperm cell production decreases, erectile dysfunction.
Female: menopause which includes fertility loss, periods stop, risk of yeast infections are higher, decrease in breast tissue, lower libido, increased risk of bone loss.
Where are the male gonads found and why?
The male gonads are found in the scrotum, behind the penis. They are not located in the abdominal cavity because if the temperature gets too hot, it affects the production and health of the sperm. The gonads are kept at a temperature 3 degrees cooler than the rest of the body.

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