Unit 3

Voluntarism
The idea that the mind has the capacity to organize mental contents into higher-level thought processes.
Mediate Experience
Provides information about something other than the elements of that experiment.
Immediate Ecxperience
Unbiased by interpretation.
Introspection
Examination of one’s own mind to inspect and report on personal thoughts or feelings.
Tridimensional Theory of Feelings
Wundt’s explanation for feeling states based on three dimensions: pleasure/displeasure, tension/relaxation, and excitement/depression.
Apperception
The process by which mental elements are organized.
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Nonsense Syllables
Syllables presented in a meaningless series to study memory processes.
Act Psychology
Brentano’s system of psychology, which focused on mental activities (e.g. seeing) rather than on mental contents (e.g. that which is seen)
Phenomenology
Stumpf’s introspective method that examined experience as it occured and did not try to reduce experience to elementary components; also, an approach to knowledge based on an unbiased description of immediate experience as it occurs, not analyzed or reduced to elements.
Systematic Experimental Introspection
Kulpe’s introspective method that used retrospective reports of subjects’ cognitive processes after they had completed and experimental task.
Imageless Thought
Kulpe’s idea that meaning in thought can occure without and sensory or imaginal component.
Stimulus Error
Confusing the mental process under stufy with the stimulus or object being observed.
In 1867, Wundt offered the first course ever given in…?
Physiological psychology
Wundt’s producticity as a writer can be quantified by his output, which averaged?
2.2 pages a day for over 50 years.
Wundt’s observers used introspection to report what?
Judgments about the size and intensity of physical stimuli.
According to Wundt, there were two elementary forms of experience, namely?
Sensation and feelings
Wundt’s doctrine of apperception refers to?
The process of organizing mental elements into a whole.
Wundtian psychology in Germany was slow to develop because?
It was not seen as having practical value.
While Wundt had argued that learning and memory could not be studied experimentally, who soon proved him wrong?
Ebbinghaus
Ebbinghaus measured the rate of human learning by?
Counting the number of repetition needed for one perfect reproduction of the material.
Other than Stumpf’s research, his greatest influence on psychology may have been what?
Education the founders of Gestalt psychology.
Systematic experimental introspection involves?
Retrospection and the performance of a complex task.
Titchener discarded aspects of Wundt’s system, including?
Apperception
One of Titchener’s most profound influences on the development of experimentation in psychology was his publuication of?
Ecperimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice (1901-1905)
Who scolded Titchener for still practicing “a very old fashioned standpoint” in excluding women from psychology meetings?
Ladd-Franklin
Who was Titchener’s first doctoral student?
Washburn
Which of the following topic to be explored by Titchener’s psychology?
All choices are correct (the determination of the laws of association of elements of consciousness, to identify the physiological correlates of the elements, the reduction of conscious processes)
By the 1920’s the term used by Titchener for his system of psychology was what?
Existential
Substantial doubts about and attacks on introspection…?
Existed long before Titchener used the method.
Ordinary words such as “table” were not to be used by Titchener’s introspectionists. Therefore, it became a goal to…?
Develop a working vocabulary free of meaning.
Because some time elapsed between the experience and the reporting of it, critics charged that introspection was really a form of?
Retrospection
The two most important contributions of Titchener’s system to modern psychology are?
His experimental method and a strong position to protest.