Unit 1 AP World History & S.P.I.C.E

Social
-Trends in other S.P.I.C.E categories
-Hierarchies (a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority) of:
– Gender roles
– Family and kinship
– Race/ ethnicity
– Social classes
Political
-Political structures
-Forms of government
-Empires
-Nations/ nationalism
-Revolts/ revolutions
Interactions
-Demography (the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations)
-Disease
-Migration
-Patterns of settlement
-Technology
Cultural
-Religions
-Belief systems
-Philosophies
-Ideologies
-Science/technology
-Arts and architecture
Economics
-Agriculture
-Pastoral production
-Trade and commerce (the activity of buying and selling, especially on a large scale)
-Labor systems
-Industrialization
-Capitalism/ Socialism
When the first americans broke apart/ decided to split up (because following their food source couldn’t feed the growing population) how did they decide?
When the first americans broke apart/ decide to split, they did so according to their social groups (Friends, family, stuff like that)
Most widely accepted theory on how humans came to the americas?
Humans crossed from asia into what’s now alaska by the Beringia Land bridge
What made it possible for the Hohokam to alter their dry environment, making farming possible?
Irrigation
What was West Africa rich in?
Gold and Salt.
*Salt was very important in this time of history
Most Native American tribes
Did not have a political system
What does Asia, Africa, and Europe have in common?
Trade
What did the Reformation do to the Roman Catholic Church?
Split the Church into two:
Protestant Church and Catholic Church
What was the REFORMation?
A movement to correct problems in the Church
What rich Italian family is known for starting the Renaissance?
The Medicci Family
What did the Medicci family do to the church?
Remember that the Roman Catholic Church took power in this point of time. The Medicci family was so rich (Said to be the richest family in Italy) they bought political positions. As we all know, power corrupts people. So, as result, having corrupt leaders in the Church led to a corrupt church.
*In addition, this led to the Reformation
*The corruption of the Church weakened itself, since people started to leave
The Renaissance (1350-1600)
-Spread of the Renaissance ideas increased with the invention of the printing press
-Ideas of the Renaissance:
-Increased Art and Learning
-Scholars wanted to explore new ideas and the physical world. Less focus on religion
-Science began to replace religion
-Printing press weakened Church
Effect of the Renaissance on the Church
Church loses A LOT of power in this period, estimated to be a 50% decrease
Renaissance and Reformation
-Strong Nations rise
-England, France, Spain, and Portugal became dominant powers in Western Europe
-Strong rulers began to take over Feudal Lords
-Feudal Lords are part of the Feudal system
-Italy controlled the Mediterranean and trade with Asia