U.S. History Unit 7

Hooversvilles
Nicknames of shantytowns that acted as temporary communities during the Great Depressio
Bonus Army
World War I veterans who marched on Washington D.C. demanding payments for their service
Douglas MacArthur
General who was ordered to put down the Bonus Army
President Hoover
Disagreed with the Bonus Army and probably lost the election because of his actions toward them
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
The Democrat who won the election of 1932
Relief
Direct $ payment sent to the unemployed by Pres. Hoover
Tenant Farmer
A person who pays for the right to farm someone else’s land; many African Americans worked as this during the Great Depression
Barrio
A community in which mostly Spanish-speaking people live
Pension
Income for retired workerd
Conservative
A person who believes in limited government involvement in the country
Liberal
A person who favors using government resources to bring about social and economic change
Social Security Act
To provide pension to people over 65
Wagner Act
Protected workers from unfair practices and guaranteed the rights of workers to join unions and negotiate with their employers
Securities and Exchange Commision
Regulated stocks and gave stock information
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Protected peoples savings in banks
Tennessee Valley Authority
Dams were built along the Tennessee River to stop flooding and topsoil from washing away. Dams also produced electricity for people in that region.
Home Owners Loan Corporation
Gave loans at low cost to homeowners so they could continue making their house payments
Public Works Administration
Created jobs in public works to stimulate economy
Facism
A political system with a strong leader who is the chief source of law and encourages nationalism
Totalitarian state
Country in which one person or group has complete control; Joseph Stalin turned the Society Uniom into this
Appeasement
An attempt to keep peace with an enemy by giving into its demands
Benito Mussolini
Named dictator of Italy; brought Facism with him
Adolf Hitler
Took control of Germany and brought the Nazi party to power
Joseph Stalin
Took control of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death and introduced the totalitarian state
Sudetenland
Northern area of Czechoslovakia that was given to Germany in exchange for no further invasions
Francis Townsend
Credited for the original idea of the Social Security Act, where citizens over 65 would be paid a pension
Robert Wagner
Senator from New York who helped to set the National Labor Relations Act
Frances Perkins
Female Secretary of Labor who helped set the National Labor Relations Act
Mary McLeod Bethune
Became the first African American woman to serve as the head of a federal agency
Eleanor Roosevelt
First Lady to take a role as an active reformer
Blitzkreig
German method of conducting war with speed and force
Internment camp
A place in which people are confined, especially during a time of war
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain who urged the U.S. to enter WWII
Pearl Harbor
Attacked by the Japanese; thrust the U.S. into WWII
“Big Three”
Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin
General Eisenhower
U.S. commanding officer in charge of repelling the German forces out of France
Normandy
Site of D-Day
George S. Patton
U.S. General in charge of conquering Germany once and for all
Midway
Site of a key battle in the Pacific
Harry S. Truman
Vice-President who became President when FDR died in 1945
Nuremberg, Germany
Site of the WWII war crime trials, where 24 Nazi leaders were convicted
Hiroshima, Japan
Site of the first atomic bomb drop in WWII
Atlantic Charter
U.S. and Great Britain secretly signed this agreement that stated every nation controlled by the Axis Powers should have the right to choose its own government through free elections.
Results of Yalta meeting
Big three decided the U.S., Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France would divide Germany and its capital into four zones; also developed plans for UN.