U.S. History Semester 2 Final Exam Study Guide Flashcards

Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Open Door Policy
A policy, proposed by the United States in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Roosevelt Corollary
President Theodore Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United Sates had the right to exercise “police power” throughout the Western hemisphere.
Yellow Journalism
News reporting, often biased or untrue, that relies on sensational stories and headlines.
Immigration Restrictions
We limited immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe to get rid of communism in the states.
New ‘targets’ of KKK
The Klan targeted not only African Americans but also recent immigrants, especially catholics and Jews.
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Red Scare
Fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life.
The ‘new’ KKK members
A new klan that was established because some white people felt that black people were getting too many rights and needed to be put back in their place.
Black Tuesday
The Wall Street Crash of 1929, began in late October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States.
Dust Bowl
Was a period of severe dust storms causing damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s.
Okie
A resident or native of Oklahoma. It is derived from the name of the state, similar to Texan or Tex for someone from Texas, or Arkie or Arkansawyer for a native of Arkansas.
American Isolationism
Staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of World War II.
Appeasement
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict.
Battle of Okinawa Japan
The bloodiest battle of the Pacific war.
Battle of the Bulge
Huge battle launched by Germany near the end of the war Dec. 1944; won by the Allies forcing Germany to retreat.
Holocaust
The Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler.
Japanese American Internment
Forced movement of Japanese Americans into camps during WWII.
Manhattan Project
Top secret program to build atomic bombs.
Operation Overlord
Code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944.
Cold War
Struggle from 1945 to 1989 between the communist and democratic worlds; ended with the collapse of Russia.
Marshall Plan
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952).
McCarthyism
The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism.
NATO
Organization formed in 1949 as a military alliance of western European and North american states against the Soviet Union and its east European allies. (see also Warsaw Pact.)
Sunbelt
States in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative.
Truman Doctrine
President Truman’s policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Freedom Rides
A series of political protests against segregation by Blacks and Whites who rode buses together through the American South in 1961.
Little Rock Nine
The nine African American students who were admitted to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Cesar Chavez
1927-1993. Farm worker, labor leader, and civil-rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers.
Counterculture
A culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture.
Domino Theory
The political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
End of Vietnam War
Ended in 1975 when North Vietnam gained control over all of Vietnam.
Tet Offensive
A massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968.
Detente
Word meaning an easing of tensions between the world’s superpowers during the Cold War.
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum (gas/oil) Exporting (sending products to other countries, to make money) Countries.
SALT
Negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) to not use nuclear weapons. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.