U.S. History Chapter 6

Nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
militarism
Policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
Alliances
an agreement between 2 or more countries to help each other out in war
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.
Kaiser William II
last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
Western Front
In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.
contraband
goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law
Lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
U-Boat
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Zimmerman Telegram/Note
telegram that said that Germany would back up Mexico if they attacked the US if the US entered the war in Europe
Selective Service Act
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft
Bernard Baruch
Head of the war industries board
CPI
Consumer Price Index (changes in average price of consumption – or cost of living)
George Creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
conscientious objectors
opposed fighting in the war on moral or religious grounds
Espionage Act
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
Great Migration
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
convoy
a group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924).
John J. Pershing
US general who chased Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn’t capture him
Fourteen Points
Wilson’s plan for world peace following world war I
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
reparations
payment for damages after a war
irreconcilables
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
reservationists
Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made – led by Henry Cabot Lodge
Versailles Treaty
The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.
influenza
viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue. (the flu)
inflation
an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy
Red Scare
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
Palmer Raids
a series a government attacks on suspected radicals in the United States led by the U.S. attorney general A. Mitchell Palmer
Sacco & Vanzetti Case
Famous case in which two immigrants were accused of murder/ there was no hard evidence, yet they were put to death anyway/ showed how much Americans distrusted foreigners
Warren G. Harding
president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism
creditor nation
a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations