U.S. History Chapter 23

FDR
A 2 term governor of NY who was a distant cousin of Teddy Roosevelt; won the presidential election; new deal; put through 2 new deals; many parts are still around
New deal
President FDR’s program to alleviate the problems of the great depression, focusing on relief for the needy, economic recovery and financial reform
Glass-steagall act
The 1933 law that established the federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC) to protect individuals’ bank accounts; banks can’t invest in the stock marker
Federal Securities Act
A law, enacted in 1933 that required corporations to provide complete accurate info on all stock offerings; SEC
Agricultural adjustment act
(AAA) a law enacted in 1933 to raise crop prices by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of their land unplanned, thus lowering production
Civilian conservation corps (CCC)
An agency established as part of the new deal that put young unemployed men to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees and helping in erosion control and flood control projects
National industrial recovery act (NIRA)
A law enacted in 1933 to establish codes of fair practice for industries and to promote industrial growth
Deficit spending
Government spending of more money than it receives in revenue; Keynesian economics
Huey Long
Approved the new deal because he wanted to win the presidency; share-our-wealth a little bit of communism
Eleanor roosevelt
Wife of fdr a social reformer who combined her deep humanitarian impulses with great political skills traveled the country seeinf conditions telling fdr
Works progress administration
An agency established as part if the second new deal that provided the unemployment with jobs in construction garment making teaching the arts and other fields
National youth administration
An agency that provide young americans with aid and employment during the great depression stay in school
Wagner act
A law also known as the national labor relations act enacted in 1935 to protect workers’ rights after the supreme court declaed the national industrial act unconstitutional
Social security act
A law enacted in 1935 to provide aid to retirees the unemployed people with disabilities and families with dependent children
Frances Perkins
America’s first female cabinet member; head of labor department
Mary McLeod Bethune
An educator who dedicated herself to promoting opportunities for young African Americans, NYA, black cabinet
John collier
commissioner of Indian affairs; helped create the Indian reorganization act of 1934; autonomy-had their own power and soveriengty
New deal coalition
An alliance of diverse groups- including southern whites, African Americans and unionized workers- who supported the policies of the democratic party in the 1930s and 1940s
Congress of industrial organization (CIO)
A labor organization composed of industrial unions founded in 1938, it broke from the AFL in 1955
Gone With the Wind
A 1939 movie dealing with the life of southern plantation owners during the civil war- one of the most popular films of all time; first movie in color
Orson welles
An actor, director, producer and writer, created one of the most renowned radio broadcast of all time “the War of the World’s” people being invaded by aliens
Grant wood
Painter whose work includes the famous painting American gothic- dentist and sister in painting
Richard wright
African American author who wrote the novel Native Son; young man survive racist world
The grapes of wrath
A novel by John Steinbeck, published in 1939 that deals with a family of Oklahomans who leave the dust bowl for California
Federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC)
An agency created in 1933 to insure individuals’ bank accounts, protecting people against losses due to bank failures
Securities and exchange commission (SEC)
an agency created in 1934 that monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
An agency created in 1935 to prevent unfair labor practices and to mediate disputes between workers and management
parity
A government supported level for the prices of agricultural products, intended to keep farmers’ incomes steady
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
A federal corporation established in 1933 to construct dams and power plants in the Tennessee valley region to generate electricity as well as to prevent floods

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