Theology – Unit 5

What are the characteristics of evangelization as presented in Redemptoris Missio? How might you live out some of them in your own life?
The characteristics of evangelization as presented in Redemptoris Missio are in cultures, communities, and groups where Christ and the Gospel message are not known or where the people lack the ability to adequately proclaim the faith, where there are active and vibrant Christian communities, and involved in circumstances in which individuals or groups who have been baptized in the faith no longer actively live the faith or even consider themselves members of the Church. You might live out some of them in your own live by recommitting to personal holiness, respecting other traditions and recommitting to evangelization.
What is inculturation?
A respectful encounter between the Christian faith and a particular culture. The Church takes up particular cultural values an integrate them into the life of the Church, and it proclaims the Gospel message in different cultural contexts allowing it to ‘take flesh’ in each people’s culture.
What does it mean to say that the Church is hierarchical? Why is it necessary for the Church to be hierarchical?
The hierarchy is the Apostles and their successors, the Pope and the bishops, along with their coworkers, priests and deacons. They are called hierarchy because the leadership of the Church, as established by Christ, is hierarchical, meaning that her leaders and institutions are organized in a specific order. Any group needs organized leadership or else chaos would result.
In what way are the Holy See, the diocese, the parish, and the family related in the hierarchy?
The Holy See, the diocese, the parish and the family are related in hierarchy in the fact that they are all forms of church. The family is the most basic level of Church whereas the Holy See is the seat of the Pope, being the highest level of Church.
In what way is the Pope the visible sign of the Church’s unity?
The Pope is the Vicar of Christ, meaning he is Christ’s human representative on earth. Just as Christ is the single head of the Body, the Church, so too the Pope is the visible and juridical head of the Church. He is a personal sign and guarantee of the Church’s unity in its belief, its Sacraments, and its authority that has its origins with Peter and the Apostles,
In what way is the Pope the successor to Peter?
Christ established his Apostles as a permanent college with Peter at the head. The Pope is the successor to Peter, just as the bishops are the successors of the Apostles. Christ gave Peter the ‘power of the keys,” or the authority to govern the Church, which is passed down to the Pope.
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In what specific ways does a bishop sanctify the Church?
He overseas the administration of the Sacraments in his diocese and is especially responsible for the Eucharist. He also confirms members of the Church and is the only person who can ordain priests and deacons, because the Sacrament of Holy Orders continues the ministry of the Apostles.
What are some examples of the collegial nature of the bishops?
They gather together with the Pope in an Ecumenical Council to settle, after careful and open discussion, questions of major importance for the entire Church. They also meet in synods or provincial councils at a more local level. We see a powerful symbol of their collegiality when they gather to consecrate a new bishop.
Describe the relationship between a bishop and a priest?
A priest is the bishop’s wise coworker in service to a parish. He and the other priests of the diocese are in union with the bishop and together are responsible for the spiritual and temporal welfare of the whole diocese.
Describe the responsibilities of a priest?
The priest’s primary role is that of sacramental minister. He presides over the celebration of the Eucharist in his parish and he offers the faithful the grace of all the other Sacraments with the exception of Holy Orders. They also oversee the religious education in their parish and Catholic school if there is one, visit the sick and offer spiritual care to those in need, and oversee the work of the parish staff and make sure the parish buildings are taken care of.
Explain what a deacon is and describe three of his primary areas of service?
An ordained clergy member who is ordained for ministry and service. Service of the Liturgy, of the Word and of Charity.
What is the special mission of all laypeople?
The special mission of all laypeople is in witnessing to God’s love to the whole world.
Describe how the laity shares the prophetic, kingly, and priestly functions of Christ?
The laity share the prophetic functions of Christ by being involved in evangelization, proclaiming Christ through words and through the witness of their lives, in collaborating with the hierarchy as catechists and religion teachers, in providing a Catholic voice on television, radio, Internet sites and blogs, and other various new media, and in making their opinions known in a respectful manner to their pastors on matters relating to the good of the Church. The laity share the kingly functions of Christ by consistently choosing what’s right and good, serving those most in need, leading others by the example of their moral choices, by commitment to God’s will in their lives, and by following Christ’s example of leading through service, assisting the hierarchy in governing the Church, in the parish through membership on various committees and at a higher level by playing a role in councils and synods, and following God’s call with all our strength and soul for our entire lives. The laity share the priestly functions of Christ by offering their daily work, family life, and leisure activities, if they’re done in the Spirit, as a spiritual sacrifice to the Father, and by developing a life of prayer and offering intercessions for the needs of others.
In what ways is the family the domestic church?
The family is the domestic church because it is the place where children first hear the Word of God and the call to faith, we learn how to share in the Trinity’s communion of love through prayer, moral living, and serving others, and it is the first and best teacher of human virtues and Christian charity.
Describe how the work if the laity participates in the mission of Christ?
The work of the laity participates in the mission of Christ because all laypeople are called to seek the Kingdom of God by doing God’s will within their chosen work, whether it is as a parent, a nurse, a lawyer, or a computer programmer. By doing their work well, by being honest, friendly, caring and joyful in schools and workplaces, the laity give witness to the Kingdom of God.
What are two things the individual members of a religious order have in common?
Two things the individual members of a religious order have in common are that they live communal lives, and publicly profess the evangelical counsels.
What are some of the needs that have been fulfilled by religious orders throughout history?
Some of the needs that have been fulfilled by religious orders throughout history are that there was a need for teachers and preachers, and also a need to reform the Catholic Church after the upheaval of the Protestant Reformation.
How does the Liturgy of the Hours help fulfill Paul’s admonition to pray without ceasing?
The Liturgy of the Hours help fulfill Paul’s admonition to pray without ceasing because they are designed to make the whole course of the day and night holy by the praise of God.
This word is derived from the Greek word for ‘alone.’
Saint Paul exhorts us to pray without ___.
Everyone in the Church has a responsibility to share the ___ of Jesus Christ.
Good News
___ evangelize through the witness of their special love of God as expressed by their dedicated lifestyle of prayer.
contemplative orders
___ are entrusted with both the pastoral care of a specific community and the evangelization of those who do not yet know Christ.
The earliest Christian missionaries were successful not because of new techniques of preaching but because of the holiness of the ___.
___ involved a respectful encounter between the Christian faith and a particular culture.
Like any organization, the Church needs clear and well-defined ___.
___, the bishop of Rome, is the leader of the whole Church, the successor to Peter.
the Pope
The ordained ministers of the Church, through the grace of ___, use Christ’s authority to govern, teach, and sanctify the Church.
Holy Orders
Ordained ministers of the Church make Christ present to us through the ___.
The Church compromises two distinct but interconnected groups: the ___ and the laity.
All members of the Church are equal in ___ but are called to different roles and ministries.
The Pope’s residence is known as the ___.
Holy See
___ are the leaders in their own diocese.
The hierarchy was established by ___.
The ___ consists of the ordained ministers of the Church.
Ordained ministers of the Church include bishops, priests, and ___.
___ are the bishops’ coworkers in his ministry.
Sancta sedes’ means ___.
holy seat
A ___ is someone who serves as a substitute or agent for someone else.
Saint Stephen was one of the original seven ___ selected by the Apostles.
In Greek, the term presbyter means ___.
the domestic church
the term means that the Pope acts for Christ as Christ’s human representative on earth.
Vicar of Christ
another term for the bishop’s governance of his church.
the seat of the central administration of the whole Church.
Holy See
the assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope
college of bishops
the leader of all the bishops
this is characterized by the equal sharing of responsibility and authority among the members of a group.
their authority depends on their union with the Pope
Church offices in Rome
Roman Curia
a distinct community within a diocese
derived from the Greek word for ‘desert’
blessed, holy, hallowed
chastity, poverty and obedience
evangelical counsels
healthy integration of our sexuality into our whole person
the moral virtue of submitting oneself to the will of authority
state of life recognized by the Church in which a person professes vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience
consecrated life
someone who withdraws from society to live a life of communal prayer
relating to worldly concerns
relating to household or family
the practice of listening for God’s call in our lives
a place where men study and prepare for priesthood
an organization devoted to a common cause for example religious orders
one who serves as a substitute for someone else like the Pope acts for Christ
the line of authority in the Church, the Pope and the bishops
someone who withdraws from ordinary life to devote oneself to prayer and work
a lay man in a religious order who has made permanent vows
a call from God to all members of the Church to embrace holiness
a formal period of discernment for men who are considering priesthood
name given to priests as a group, based on the Greek word for elder
based on a word for service, especially for service to the Church
a grouping of two or more diocese with an archbishop as its head
the assembly of bishops headed by the Pope
a lay woman in a religious order who has made permanent vows
one who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, a successor to the Apostles
having to do with hermits
a person who lives a solitary life in order to commit fully to prayer
a word that describes the diaconate of men preparing for priesthood