The Quakers, the Dutch, and the Ladies: Crash Course US History

Dutch
natives of Holland, founders of New Amsterdam colony
New Amsterdam
17th century colony renamed as New York
Quakers
the Society of Friends, a religious group that believed in pacifism and equality
commerce
business, trade
frigate
ships of war
inherit
money, land and character traits that you get from your parents; women could not inherit property in English colonies
Pennsylvania
Penn’s woods, proprietary colony given to Quaker William Penn
pacifist
people who do not fight wars
swearing
using bad language, illegal in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts
Carolina
colony with the largest number of slaves
Bacon’s Rebellion
a rebellion against the Virginia government because the gov’t was protecting the native Americans
dysentery
a water-borned disease that killed many in the South
Edmond Andros
tyrannical governor of New England, deposed by colonial legislature
Glorious Revolution
revolution in England that made Parliament, not the King, the rulers of England
Toleration Act
allowed any Protestants to live in Massachusetts, returned power from governor to legislature
Salem Witch Trials
14 women and men were executed in MA for being witches; they were not witches
subsistence agriculture
farming for food and survival, not money; most colonists were small farmers
artisan
skilled workers. England did not want them in America
drudgery
hard, boring work
witch hunt
an unjust, hysterical persecution of outsiders
abolitionist
A person who favors the abolition of a practice or institution, especially capital punishment or (formerly) slavery.
aforementioned
Denoting a thing or person previously mentioned.
amber
Hard translucent fossilized resin produced by extinct coniferous trees of the Tertiary period, typically yellowish in color.
behold
See or observe (a thing or person, especially a remarkable or impressive one).
brim
Fill or be full to the point of overflowing.
cede
Give up (power or territory).
coastal
Of, relating to, or near a coast.
crony
A close friend or companion.
dictatorial
Of or typical of a ruler with total power.
dubious
Hesitating or doubting.
editorial
Of or relating to the commissioning or preparing of material for publication.
harbor
A place on the coast where vessels may find shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures.
incursion
An invasion or attack, especially a sudden or brief one.
intertwin
Twist or twine together.
lenape
The Lenape are Native American peoples now living in Canada and the United States. They are also called Delaware Indians, or the Delaware Nation after their historic territory along the frequently mountainous landscapes flanking the Delaware River watershed. …
metalwork
The art of making things out of metal.
metropolis
The capital or chief city of a country or region.
pernicious
Having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
quell
Put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of force.
reassert
Assert again.
scapegoat
(in the Bible) a goat sent into the wilderness after the Jewish chief priest had symbolically laid the sins of the people upon it (Lev. 16).
sentiment
A view of or attitude toward a situation or event; an opinion.
solidify
Make or become hard or solid.
traitorously
Faithlessly: in a disloyal and faithless manner; “he behaved treacherously”; “his wife played him false”
tropical
Of, typical of, or peculiar to the tropics.
venture
A risky or daring journey or undertaking.
weary
Cause to become tired.