The Endocrine System Case Study

Hyposecretion
The secretion of an insufficient amount of hormone to maintain homeostasis
Hypersecretion
The secretion of excessive amounts of a hormone
Ablation
The removal of tissue by surgery, radiation, or other means
Ectopic
In an abnormal location
Disorders of the pituitary gland
Hypopituitarism, gigantism, acromegaly, syndrome of inappropriate anti diuretic hormone secretion
Hypopituitarism
A deficiency of some or all of the hormones normally produced by the anterior pituitary
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Radioimmunoassay
Radioactively labelled antibodies bind to any hormone that is present
Hormone replacement therapy
The missing hormones are taken orally or by injection
Gigantism and acromegaly
Gigantism-childhood
Acromegaly-adulthood
Results from tumor
Hyperglycemia
An elevated blood glucose level
SIADH
A state in which there is excess ADH secretion for the body’s state of hydration. Results from tumors of the lung, pancreas, etc. causes an increase in body water content
Disorders of the thyroid gland
Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism,
Disorders of the adrenal cortex
Cushing syndrome, Addison disease