The Electoral College, Articles of Confederation vs. The Constitution

electoral college
the body of elector chosen from each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S.
how it works
the people of each state vote for the electors who then cast their votes on the people’s behalf
number of electors
equal to the number of seats in Congress; proportional to the population of the states
how the electors vote
(E.C.) they each get one vote; vote on behalf of the people for the presidential candidate; “winner gets all” in most states –> gets all the electoral votes from a state he/she won
3
minimum number of electoral votes a state can have
Levying Taxes: Articles of Confederation
Congress could request states to pay taxes.
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Levying Taxes: Constitution
Congress has the right to levy taxes on individuals.
Federal Courts: Articles of Confederation
No system of Federal Courts
Federal Courts: Constitution
Court system created to deal with issues between, citizens, states.
Regulation of Trade: Articles of Confederation
No provision to regulate interstate trade.
Regulation of Trade: Constitution
Congress has the right to regulate trade between states.
Executive: Articles of Confederation
No executive with power. President of U.S. merely presided over Congress.
Executive: Constitution
Executive branch headed by President who chooses Cabinet and has checks on power of judiciary and legislature
Amending Document: Articles of Confederation
13/13 needed to amend articles.
Amending Document: Constitution
2/3 of both houses of Congress plus 3/4 of state legislatures or national convention
Representation of States: Articles of Confederation
Each state received one vote regardless of size.
Representation of States: Constitution
Upper house, (Senate) with 2 votes; lower house (House of Representatives) based on population ***GREAT COMPROMISE***
Raising an Army: Articles of Confederation
Congress could not draft troops and was dependent of states to contribute forces.
Raising an Army: Constitution
Congress can raise an army to deal with military situations
Interstate Commerce: Articles of Confederation
No control of trade between states.
Interstate Commerce: Constitution
Interstate commerce controlled by Congress.
Disputes Between States: Articles of Confederation
Complicated system of arbitration.
Disputes Between States: Constitution
Federal court system to handle disputes between states and residents of different states.
Sovereignty: Articles of Confederation
Sovereignty resides in states.
Sovereignty: Constitution
Constitution was established as the supreme law of the land.
Passing Laws: Articles of Confederation
9/13 states needed to approve legislation.
Passing Laws: Constitution
50% +1 of both houses plus signature of President.