The Best GA Constitution Study Guide Ever

State and local governments employ more people today than the federal government
True
The United States can best be described as a ________ system.
Federalist
The ____ permits the government to do what’s “necessary and proper” because of its flexible grant of authority
Elastic Clause
The ____ identifies the U.S Constitution is the ultimate authority over the states
Supremacy clause
The constitution, law, and policies of the states cannot contradict the U.S Constitution
True
The amendment grants the states ___ powers
Reserved
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_____ incorporated the meaning of the 14th amendment to protections offered in bill of rights and does so on a case-by-case basis.
Selective incorporation
Major reasons state constitutions are so long
Numerous amendments,provisions about local governments and lack of implied powers
Ga has had how many constitutions?
10
The current Georgia constitution was implemented in ________.
1983
The longest constitution in words
Alabama
Ga constitution is among the 2nd _____
Youngest
In order to amend the constitution a ____ vote is required by legislature
2/3
General assembly can also propose amendments if approved by a ____ vote in each legislative
2/3
Ga allows amendments to the constitution by initiative process
False
Georgia voters can amend the constitution by a _____ vote
Majority
____ identify revenue sources that must be spent for designated purposes
Earmarks
Ga state lottery requires that net proceeds go to”educational programs & purposes”
True
Whipping is prohibited as a form of punishment for debt
True
Alcohol sales are permitted at bars with nude dancing
False
___ is the ability of citizens to sue state or local government
Sovereign immunity
The Ga constitution does not have a bill of rights
False
In Ga’s constitution Article ____ is the Bill of Rights
One
Both the president of the United States and Ga governor have the ability to appoint officials and veto bills
True
Ga General assembly is bicameral like US Congress
True
Ga and federal government allow Judicial review
True
US Constitution is longer than the Ga constitution
False
Ga voters must apporve all amendments to the constitution
True
Ga constitution requires state and local gov. to have a balanced budget
True
Ga constitution gives the governor line item veto authority
True
Line item veto
ability to kill specific part of bill without killing the whole spending bill
Ga elects almost all its judges on a non partisan ballot
True
The chief legal advisor for GA
Attorney General
All georgia legislatures (house and senate) serve 2 year terms
True
Georgia has a cabinet system like the executive branch of the federal government.
False
Voters must elect 6 department heads
True
The Georgia Constitution limits the number of counties at _________.
159
Georgia’s first constitution became effective in ___________.
1777
The first constitution disestablished the Anglican church
True
Slaves were counted as ___ a person
3/5
The main author of the confederate constitution was also the author of the Ga const. under the confederacy
True
Northern troops remained in Ga until ____ after civil war
1876
County unit system declared unconstitutional in 1963 when supreme court held they under represented urban areas
True
Ga const requires ______ vote for ratification
majority
Ga bans same sex marriage
True
The presiding officer of the House
Speaker
The presider officer of the Senate
Lt. governor of the state
How many member are in the General assembly?
236
General assembly members are up for election every ___ years
2
Are there term limits for legislators?
No
How many days does the Ga general assembly meet a year?
40
Who may call the general assembly into special session?
Governor
Local gov can’t pass ordinances that contradict the general law
True
Only members of the ____ may introduce legislation
General assembly
Bills may be introduced into either chamber or both chambers at the same time
True
The Georgia Constitution requires that legislation dealing with the public revenues be first introduced in the ____.
House
Title of a bill doesn’t have to directly relate to its content
False
A bill is restricted to one purpose
True
Bills are passed by simple majority
True
Governor is limited to two 4 year terms
True
Do other statewide officials have term limits?
No
Who is the school superintended chosen by?
Voters
Can the governor can fill vacancies without senate confirmation?
Yes
What happens to a bill if the governor does nothing to it?
Becomes a law
The Georgia Governor may exercise power over college-level education in the state by serving on the Board of Regents.
False
_____ regulates telephone service, gas, electricity and transportation
Public service commission
Trial courts conduct preliminary hearings to determine if “____” exists in criminal cases
Probable cause
Trial courts deals with laws and misdemeanors
True
Appellate courts make decisions by a group of judges with no witnesses or juries
True
_____ suspends/removes or disciplines judges who’ve been indicted/convicted of a crime
Judicial qualifications committee
______ is a formal charge accusing someone of crime
Indictment
In decisions to issue an indictment there must be _____
Probable cause
In order to convict someone of a crime there must be _____
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt
_____ is where local governments granted broad powers to write & amend its charter to take any action not prohibited by the state
Home rule
Local counties can levy a 1% tax in addition to the state tax
True
____ may impeach any executive/judicial officer and members of the general assembly
House
____ required citizens to pay annual levy, making it harder for poor to vote
Poll tax
White _____ restricted voting in party primaries to whites only
Primary
Georgia never had literacy tests in place
False
King vs Chapman
Found that the white primary violated the 14th amendment
Heart of Atlanta motel vs US
Took a broad view of commerce clause and upheld the civil right act and said they couldn’t discriminate at public accommodations
Gray vs Sanders
Held the county unit system unconsitutional
Miller vs Johnson
said redrawing district boundaries based on race unconstitutional
Georgia vs Ashcroft
redrawing districts must include minorities
___ is the taking of private property for public use
Eminent domain
Furhman vs Georgia
Found death penalty unconstitutional
Gregg vs Georgia
Allowed death penalty once again after rewritten
Coker vs Georgia
Found death penalty for rape crime unconstiutional
Ga recognizes the right to privacy
True
A 2/3’s vote of both houses of the General Assembly is required to override the Governor’s veto of legislation.
True
The first Georgia constitution established a state supreme court.
False
_____ Court has exclusive appellate jurisdiction over cases where a death sentence may be given
Supreme
The number of representatives in the House and the number of senators
Provides for more members of the House than of the Senate
The ___ House and ____ the senate are elected every 2 years.
entire 1/3
____ 236 members of the general assembly are up for election very 2 years
All
With the possible exception of juveniles, the trial court of the State of GA for felony cases is
Superior Court
In appellate cases involving constitutionality of law, the Supreme Court has
exclusive jurisdiction
Judicial vacancies are filled by
Governor
In regard to state debt,the State may not issue bonds to build highways
False