The Baroque Era

Romantic or Classic era?
Romantic
What work is Vivaldi most known for?
“The Four Seasons”
What works are Bach most known for?
“Cantata Wachet auf” and “The Art of Fugue”
What work is Purcell most known for?
“Dido and Aeneas”
What works are Handel most known for?
“Water Music” and “Messiah”
What was the texture of music in the Baroque Era?
Homophonic
What jobs for musicians came out of the Baroque Era?
-Court Composers
-Orchestra Members
What was new to music in the Baroque Era?
Major/Minor System of Tonality
What are the “Buzz Words” of the Baroque Era?
Contrast and Drama
Opera (definition)
large scale musical drama that combines poetry, acting, scenery, and costumes with singing and instrumental music
Libretto (definition)
the text of an opera
Aria (definition)
dramatic piece, typically in response to the Recitative
Recitative (definition)
musical declamation, or speech; sung dialogue than can be used to move the plot along
What language was Opera usually written and performed in?
The vernacular tongue of the place
What change in music was introduced in the Lutheran church?
-instrumentation
-hymns meant for congregational singing
-Cantatas
Oratorio (definition)
-sacred, but not for the church
-operatic style, but not staged
What does NOT characterize the Baroque suite?
Each movement is in a contrasting key
Women’s roles in Baroque music:
expanded into professional performance careers, including as opera singers
Handel’s Water Music is best described as a:
suite
Vivaldi lived and worked in:
Venice
The ideas and music of the Florentine Camerata led directly to the development of
Opera
Johann Sebastian Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
the organ
George Frideric Handel is considered a master of
the oratorio
Later in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to
the oratorio
Handel’s Messiah is
an oratorio
A drama that is sung is called:
an opera
A highly emotional song in an opera is called:
an aria
The approximate dates of the Baroque period are
1600-1750
What is the principal element of a fugue?
counterpoint
What is NOT a characteristic of Baroque musical style?
harmonies built on the early church modes
TRUE/FALSE: Antonio Vivaldi composed over two hundred concertos for solo violin.
TRUE
Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to
killing herself
What does NOT characterize music after 1600?
instrumental music was neglected
Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas was composed for:
a production at a girls’ school
The ___ is a keyboard instrument whose strings are plucked by quills.
harpsichord
The Baroque period witnessed a shift in musical texture to:
homophony
The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was a major focus for composers was the:
Baroque
TRUE/FALSE: Barbara Strozzi was an international sensation as an opera singer.
FALSE
During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach held the position of:
-cantor of St. Thomas Church in Leipzig
-court organist and chamber musician to the Duke of Weimar
-court musician to the prince of Anhalt-then
-all of the above
all of the above
Antonio Vivaldi was known as “The Red Priest” for:
the color of his hair
Baroque composers applied the concept of the suite to:
-solo instrumental music
-keyboard music
-orchestral music
-all of the above
all of the above
What was NOT an important keyboard instrument during the Baroque?
the piano
The group of early Baroque writers, artists and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as:
The Florentine Camerata
The solo instrument in Spring, from The Four Seasons, is the
violin
The keyboard instrument that uses various sets of pipes to create contrasting colors is:
the organ
What does NOT characterize the Baroque era?
an age of peace and tranquility

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