Texas History Study Guide

a leader in the Spanish conquest of America
Hernando Cortes
conquered the Aztecs
Cabeza de Vaca
explorer that reported on the Seven Cities of Cibola;
Robert de Lasalle
French explorer that went down Mississippi; ended up on Texas coast
Fort St. Louis
French fort built in Texas; made Spanish more interested in Texas
Spanish built these in Texas to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism
Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
the first mission in Texas
waged unofficial wars for Texas
Philip Nolan
filibuster who tried to take parts of Texas
Jane Long
mother of Texas who gave birth to first Anglo-American in Texas
person given title of land in Texas in exchange for bringing settlers
Moses Austin
first American to get an empresario contract; died before he could bring settlers
Stephen F. Austin
father of Texas; colonized Texas with 300 families
Haden Edwards
settled East Texas (Nacogdoches); ran out by army
created by Haden Edwards; scared Mexican officials that Americans trying to conquer
Mary Austin Holley
wrote history of Texas in English
Santa Anna
president and military leader during the Texas Revolution
first military conflict between Texas and Mexico
Sam Houston
led the Texas Army during revolution; president and governor of Texass
Battle of Gonzales
first official battle of Texas Revolution; the “Come and Take It” Canon
Goliad Massacre
execution of Texans by Mexico
battle of the Revolution that bought time for Sam Houston and inspired the Texans
Battle of San Antonio
Texans staged a siege on Mexicans; Cos and Mexican army forced South of Rio Grande
William B. Travis
leader of Texas Army in the Alamo
Davy Crockett
Tennessee volunteer that fought and died in the Alamo
San Jacinto
Last battle of Texas Revolution; Santa Anna surrendered to Houston
the time before written records
native to a certain area
an ancient doctor, healer, or priest, they were called upon for religious ceremonies
Francisco Coronado
Spanish explorer who heard stories about the Seven Cities of Gold and set out to find them
an oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, consisting mainly of a mixture of various hydrocarbons
spanish fort that protects a mission
old three hundred
first families in Austin’s colony
interim government
temporary government
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Texas was recognized as a seperate nation; border was set at Rio Grande
to incorporate a country or territory into another country or territory
Mirabeau Lamar
2nd president of Texas; father of education
Anson Jones
president of US whe, was the last president of Texas and was key in getting Texas annexed into the U.S.
Mexican War
after Mexican refusal to sell California-New Mexico region, Polk sent troops and it ended w/ Treat of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
Mexican Cession
Lands sold by Mexico to the US following the Mexican War
to withdraw from something such as a nation, withdraw from an organization or communion
Civil War
War between the Union and Confederacy from 1861-1865
person who wanted to end slavery
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Quanah Parker
Comanche leader who worked to settle disputes between Native Americans and the US Government
Spanish cowboys
cotton gin
machine that removes seeds from cotton that made it more profitable
James Pickney Henderson
first governor of Texas
the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
the right to vote
a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
Dust Bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Sam Rayburn
Long-serving U.S. Congressman; Speaker of the House of Representatives; Supporter of Roosevelt’s New Deal
Audie Murphy
American soldier who killed or wounded 50 enemy troops in Europe; later became famous movie star; buried in Arlington Cemetery
Dwight Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2–leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
Lyndon B. Johnson
signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965; president from Texas
Johnson Space Center
Astronauts are trained at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas for the work they will do in space.

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