Test One-Speech

Speakers should focus on the message they are expressing more so than how the audience is responding to the message
Messages are usually transmitted from sender to receiver through audience and listener channels
Smiles, head nods, eye contact and clapping from audience members are all forms of
A/an speaker considers the moral impact their ideas and arguments have on their listeners
“Care and Concern for others, the thoughtful use of words and language and the flexibility to see the many sides of an issue” is
More likely to be planned
Public speaking is
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Communication that goes on in our heads
Intrapersonal communication is best characterized by which of the following?
This means by which the message is conveyed in the public speaking process is known as
Physical sounds that interfere with communication are called
the visual and auditory means by which a message is transmitted from the sender to receiver.
Channels are
anything that interferes with the communication of a message
Noise is
When entering the public dialogue, we need to recognize that certain speaking styles are superior over others.
Public speaking is an isolated individual act, where there is little to no involvement from the audience
Audiences dictate the choices each speakers will make when preparing a speech
Everyday people are not as likely to have an impact in the public dialogue as famous as famous or powerful ones
Interpersonal communication
If Pat is speaking to Chris about terminating their relationship, which type of communication would that interaction fall under?
When the audience nods their heads as the speakers presents information, they are providing the speaker with
Misty is presenting a speech in class. Shawn is having trouble listening to Misty because he is worried about a test in his next class
What is the most important element in the public speaking process?
Group Communication
Communication among members of a team or collective about topics such as goals, strategies, and conflict is _______
nonverbal communication
Communication other than through written or spoken language that creates meaning is called
eye contact
Nonverbal factors include
reading your speech from a prepared text
Manuscript speaking is
memorized speaking
Giving a speech from memory without using notes is called
that your speech is likely to be less well organized and smoothly delivered
A disadvantage of impromptu speaking is
it is well organized and well researched
An advantage of extemporaneous speaking is
Consider your audience
Which of the following guidelines can help you when called upon to deliver an impromptu speech?
The president of the United States usually uses ____ speaking
before you begin your speech
You should establish eye contact
the softness or loudness of speaker’s voice
Volume is defined as
The production of clear and distinct speech sounds is called
All of the above..
To speak with variety is to vary your
The action and manner of speaking to an audience
Most speeches are best delivered from a manuscript
Rate is loudness of speaker’s voice.
Monotone is a way of speaking in which a way a speaker does not alter her or his pitch
The active process of attending to and understanding a spoken message is
Even when we are listening carefully, we usually grasp only about__ percent
focusing on a speaker’s appearance and delivery
Which of the following is one of the 4 major causes of poor listening discussed in the text
In class and the workplace, an individual will spend more time listening than speaking
Concentrating on details is an excellent way to become a better listener.
Note taking is usually a barrier to effective listening
If you disagree with a speaker, you have nothing to gain by listening carefully
It is impossible to listen too hard
Personal Concern is usually a barrier to effective listening
Listening is a passive process, while critical thinking is an active process
to get the audience’s attention
The purpose of an introduction include
All of the above
preview the main ideas
establish your credibility
get the audience’s attention
When introducing a speech you should
The conclusion should normally comprise about 5-10 % of a speech
establish your credibility
The purpose of telling your listeners about your commitment to your topic is to
establish your credibility
If Bruce Willis were to deliver a speech about the future of medical care in U.S., his main task in the introduction of his speech would probably be to
give the audience a reason to listen
Using startling facts or statistics may
all of the above
references to previous speeches.
references to the occasion
personal references
When introducing a speech you may use
An appeal to action is most appropriate in the conclusion of a(n) ___ speech
reemphasize the central idea/thesis in a memorable way
An effective conclusion will
If your topic is clear in the body of the speech, there is no needed state it in the introduction.
If you were giving an informative speech to your classmates on the speech to your classmates on the subject of photokinesis, you would probably include a ______ in your introduction
credibility statement
Which of the following would you least likely find in speech conclusion
using quotations
Techniques for effective conclusions include
second part
The introduction is usually the ____ of the speech that you develop.
If your audience is linguistically diverse you many want to choose an introduction strategy other than
reference to the occasion
When you express appreciation at having been asked to speak, you are using which introduction method?
select and narrow the topic
After analyzing your audience, the first step in preparing a speech is
Central Idea
The following statement is an example of what: “some of the program offered by Neighbor-to-Neighbor include mortgage counseling, rental assistance, and transitional housing.”
preserving Social Security benefits
A good topic for an audience of retirees would be
building children’s self esteem
A good topic for an audience of teachers would be
In a classroom setting it is likely that you will not have the freedom to select the general purpose of your speeches
All of the above
scanning Web directories
listening and reading
Strategies to help select a topic would include
the overarching goal of a speech: to inform, to persuade, or to entertain
A general purpose is
specific purpose
A concise statement of what you want your audience to be able to do after listening to your speech is a
broad conception
To prepare a speech about a visit to the Grand Canyon you would probably start wit a ___ of your topic
Time limits rarely need to be considered when developing a speech topic
Narrow your topic
After brainstorming you should
General purpose
Speaking to inform is a ____ of a speech
thesis statement
A one sentence summary of a speech is a
a complete declarative sentence
a central idea should be
Central idea
Main ideas are divisions of the _____ of the speech
what to do in case of a fire at home.
A good topic for an audience of first graders would be
All of the above
scan Web directories
watch the news
read magazines
One method of choosing a topic is to
none of the above
The specific purpose of a speech is
Successful public speaking is more likely due to intuition and natural ability than planning and forethought.
The primary purpose of speechmaking is to demonstrate your command of the topic
Being audience-centered means that your primary purpose as a speaker is to gain a desired response from the audience
The aim of successful speechmaking is to gain a desired response from listeners by any means mecessary
Adapting to audiences is one of easiest tasks facing the beginning speakers
Egocentrism means that audiences typically approach speeches by asking “why is this important for me?”
One of the major demographic traits of audiences is interest in the speaker’s topic
Audience size, the physical setting for the speech, and the audience’s disposition toward the topic, the speaker, and the occasion are all elements of the situational audience analysis
Because religion is private and personal for most people, it is seldom an important element in demographic audience analysis.
listeners are concerned above all with how a speech will affect them
The fact that audiences are egocentric means that
Demographic audience analysis
One of the ways speakers analyze audiences is by looking at trait such a age, gender, sexual orientation, religion, group, membership, and racial, ethnic and cultural background. According to your textbook, what is this called?
ethnic background
If you were giving a persuasive speech to a general audience on the issue of illegal immigration, the most important to consider when analyzing your audience would probably be its
The will usually dictate how long a speech should be
Gain a desired response from listeners
The primary purpose of speechmaking is to
All of the above
help your audience remember your key ideas
give your speech structure
give your speech clarity
You need to organize your speech to
organization by time or sequence
The chronological organizational pattern is
Problem and Solution
The organizational pattern that focuses on a problem and then its solution is called
Cause and Effect
Organization that focuses on a situation and its causes or situation and its effects is called
When a speaker gives an informative speech about their College’s progress in the 60’s, 70’s, 80’s and 90’s they are using _____ pattern of organization
contain full sentences
Your speaking outline should not
Connective highlights an important idea or location in your speech.
main points, sub points, sub-sub points
A properly developed outline will be coordinated into the following levels:
a simple word or statement that indicates where you are in your speech or highlights an important idea
A signpost is
Your time limit is the most significant consideration affecting the number of points in your speech
a restatement in the body of the speech of ideas that have been developed so far
Internal summaries are
When you are seeking to explain a cause and effect relationship you would use the topical patter of organization
A properly written thesis will not contain the main points of your speech
You should always equally balance the time spent on each of your main points
A speaker could organize a speech about a visit to a museum bu arranging the ideas
The type of connective that uses numbers is a transition
Which of the following is good organizational pattern for organizing your main points?
Clear organization is usually less important in speaking than in writing
Speeches arranged in spatial order follow a time squence
A summary is seldom necessary in the conclusion of an informative speech
a speech that teaches other new information, ideas, concepts, principles, or processes in order to enhance their knowledge or understanding about something
An informative speech is
speaking to inform
Speaking to enhance understanding is a goal of
a banker explaining how the stock market operates
Which of the following is an instance of informative speaking?
How to adopt a cat is example of speech about an object
Which organizational pattern is illustrated in the following thesis statement: “The three different types of snow skiing include telemarketing, downhill, and cross country.”
a presents information about tangible things
A speech about objects
presents abstract information or discusses principles, concepts, theories, or issuses
A speech about ideas
Describes something that either has happened or will happen, is a description of a speech about
May gave a speech in her public speaking class about Hinduism. This is an informative speech about
In an informative speech, the speaker acts as a(n)
Informative speakers should avoid explaining ideas in personal terms
Informative speeches are seldom organized in topical order
A lawyer urging a jury to acquit her client is an example of informative speaking
personal testimony
Quoting yourself in a speech best illustrates which of the following?
If you are interested in finding the midpoint of the set of data, you are looking for the
Former president Ronald Reagan was well known for incorporating his speeches to expertly make a point in a personal way
Hypothetical example
A speaker uses the following information in a speech: “Suppose you skipped breakfast this morning. What would happen to your energy level by 9 or 10 o’clock? You’ll probably feel bored or restless, and maybe sad and unmotivated.” This information best illustrates which of the following
When you use testimony in a speech, it is acceptable either to paraphrase or to use a direct quotation.
The denotative meaning of a word in the dictionary definition of a word
The mode is the number that occurs most frequently in a group of numbers.
It is seldom necessary to name the people you quote or paraphrase in a speech
If you quoted your cousin about her experience digging for dinosaur bones last summer, you would be using_________ testimony
a story or anecdote that provides an example of an idea, issue, or problem a speaker is discussing
A narrative is
brief illustration
An unelaborated example, often only a sentence or two long, is called a/an
The median in the following set of numbers:200, 300, 500, 600,600?
an opinion offered by someone who is authority on a subject
Expert testimony is
use reliable sources
To use statistics effectively you should
All of the above
authoritative sources
unbiased sources
reputable sources
Reliable sources of statistics include
identify your sources
When using opinions effectively you should
all of the above
Types of opinions include