Test: Chapters 1-4; ACP US History

What was true of the colonial elite?
they controlled colonial government
Bacon’s Rebellion was a response to:
worsening economic conditions in Virginia
In the economic exchanges between the English colonists and eastern Native Americans
Native Americans initially welcomed the colonists’ goods
What was true of warfare between colonists and Native Americans during the seventeenth century?
among the colonists, it generated a strong sense of superiority
When Columbus reached the new world what name did he give to the people he encountered because he thought he had reached the outskirts of Asia?
Indians
In the 1650’s, who pushed England toward a policy of expanding territory and commercialism?
Oliver Cromwell
The transatlantic flow of people and goods such as corn, potatoes, horses, and sugarcane is called
The Columbian Exchange
Most 17th century migrants to North America from England
were lower-class men
According to Bartolome de Las Casas
Spain had caused the deaths of millions of innocent people in the New World
Pueblo Indians lived in what is now:
the southwestern United States
Captain Jacob Leisler, the head of the rebel militia that took control of New York in 1689
was overthrown and killed in so grisly a manner that the rivalry between his friends and foes polarized New York politics for years.
the Task System:
assigned slaves daily jobs and allowed them free time upon completion of those jobs.
How did John Locke reconcile his belief in natural rights and his support for slavery?
He believed that the free individual in liberal thought was the propertied white man.
Olaudah Equiano:
wrote the 18th century’s most widely read account by a slave of a slave’s own experiences.
When the Virginia Company gave control of the Virginia colony to the king in 1624:
Virginia became the first royal colony
Georgia was established by James Oglethorpe, whose causes included improved conditions for imprisoned debtors and the abolition of:
slavery.
All of the following were nations that led in explorations to the New World except: a. Spain; b. England; c. Italy; d. France; e. Portugal
c. Italy
The first center of the Spanish empire in America was:
the island of Hispaniola
The terms God, Glory, and Gold apply most readily to the explorations to the New World in what country?
Spain
All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late sixteenth century except:
a. the enclosure movement
b. the invasion of the cities by vagrants
c. a lower birth rate
d. increased prices buoyed by the influx of gold and silver from Latin America
e. decreased wages in the cities
c. A lower birth rate
John Locke’s political philosophy stressed:
A contract system between the people and the government
What was true of the Puritans of the 17th century?
they agreed that the Church of England retained too many elements of Catholicism in its rituals and doctrines
What did English settlers in North America believe was the basis of liberty?
land
PA’s treatment of Native Americans was unique in what way?
PA purchased Indian land that was then resold to colonists and offered refuge to tribes driven out of other countries.
the assumption among ordinary people that wealth, education, and social prominence entitled leaders to public office was called:
deference
the city situated along the Mississippi River with between 10,000 and 30,000 residents in the year 1200 is today known as:
Cahokia
Anglicization did not mean:
colonists were determined to speak English as perfectly as those who lived in England.
Slave resistance in the 18th century:
included rebellions in both northern and southern colonies that led to the deaths of several of those involved in planning the conspiracies.
John Peter Zenger’s libel trial:
probably would not have ended in his acquittal if he had attacked someone other than the colonial governor.
The participant’s in South Carolina’s Stono Rebellion:
included some who apparently had been soldiers in Africa
As English colonial society became more structured in the 18th century, what were the effects on women?
women’s work became more clearly defined as tied closely to the home.
The most famous Great Awakening revivalist minister was:
George Whitefield
Europeans– particularly the English, French, and Dutch– generally claimed North American Indian land as their own based on:
Their view that Indians did not use the land properly
What role did Native Americans play in British imperial wars during the 18th century?
they did much of the fighting in the wars.
What was Virginia’s “gold”, which ensured its survival and prosperity?
tobacco
According to New England Puritans, witchcraft:
resulted from pacts that women made with the devil to obtain supernatural powers or interfere with natural processes.
The powerful Native American Confederation in the Northeast was the
Iriquois
which of the following was a consequence of the Seven Years’ War?
strengthened pride among American colonists about being part of the British Empire.
Neolin, a Delaware Indian and religious prophet, helped inspire _______ Rebellion in 1763.
Pontiac’s
Why did England consider Spain its enemy by the late 1500s?
Because of religious differences: England had officially broken with the Roman Catholic Church, while Spain was devoutly Catholic.
North American crops and products:
were part of a commercial trade network that knitted together a far-flung empire.
Slavery developed more slowly in North America than in the English West Indies because:
the high death rate among tobacco workers made it economically unappealing to pay more for a slave likely to die within a short time.
Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church?
he wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it.
The Magna Carta:
granted many liberties, but mainly to lords and barons
What was true about the early history of Jamestown?
the death rate was extraordinarily high
The first European country to reach India by an all water route and gain riches was
Portugal
For most New Englanders, Indians represented:
savagery
The government of the Spanish empire in America:
included local officals who held a great deal of control
Slavery in Africa:
involved the enslavement of criminals, debtors, and war captives.
The French and Indian War began because some American colonists felt that:
Franc was encroaching on land claimed by the Ohio Company
Why was slavery less prevalent in the northern colonies?
the small farms of the northern colonies did not need slaves
What was not a factor enticing migration to the British coloneis?
cheap and safe transatlantic transportation
The Black Legend described:
Spain as a uniquely brutal colonizer.
What was William Penn’s most fundamental principle?
religious freedom
What geographic error did Columbus make?
he grossly underestimated the size of the earth.
“Enumerated” goods:
were colonial products, such as tobacco and sugar, taht first had to be imported to England.
“Republicanism” in the 18th century Anglo-American political world emphasized the importance of _______ as the essence of liberty.
active participation in public life by property-owning citizens
The German migration to the English colonies:
led to the formation of many farming communities.
In contrast to life in the Chesapeake region, life in New England:
was more family-oriented.
According to the economic theory known as mercantilism:
the government should regulate economic activity so as to promote national power.