suicide:emile durkheim

Emile durkheim’s suicide illustrates
-empirical research
-principle of whole>sum of its parts
-personal troubles (suicide) explained in terms of social conditions; intergration and regulation
suicide as social fact
-each society showed constat RATE for long periods of time
-Variation of suicide RATES by different societies
Social explanation of suicide
-Suicide rates highest when and in places where individuals lack social and moral regulation
Intergration
-Cohesion, bonding, belonging, attachment, affiliation
-extent of social relations binding on a person or group to others such that they are exposed to the moral demands of the group
Regulation
-Normative or moral demands placed on the individuals that come with membership in a group
Two types of solidarity
-Mechanical
-Organic
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Traditional Society
simple structure
likeness of parts
homogeneous
communalism
Modern Society
Complex structure
differenes of parts
heterogeneity
indvidualism
Four types of suicide
-Egoistic
-Altruistic
-Anomic
-Fatalistic
Egoistic
-Social conditions where the individual is inadequately integrated into the society: single vs married
Altruistic
-Social conditions where the individual is overly integrated into the society; Military vs. civilian population
Anomic
Social conditions brought about by a sudden social change (sudden prosperity, or economic decline) where this is a lack of adequate moral regulation
Fatalistic
Excessive regulation of persons whose futures are blocked and emotions are excessively constrained by oppressive discipline