Substance Use, Misuse and Abuse Ch. 17-18

One of SAMHSA’s model community prevention programs
Works for changes in alcohol policies and ordinances.
The DARE program stands for
Drug Abuse Resistance Education
Beginning in 1986, the federal government launched a massive campaign based on anti-drug policies, locker searches, etc., to promote
“Drug-Free” schools
In discussing what we should be doing in drug prevention, the text says, “above all”
Avoid sensational scare stories and preachy approaches
Having students discuss their reactions to various moral and ethical dilemmas as a means to help them clarify their own values was one example of the general prevention approach known as
affective education
Tertiary prevention programs are aimed at
People who have completed treatment for dependence and need relapse prevention or follow up
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Teaching students relaxation or meditation techniques was seen as one possible way of providing
Alternatives to drug use
The textbook pointed out that drug prevention and what else might have different goals and use different approaches.
According to the text, the ultimate goal of workplace drug prevention programs is to
Prevent drug use by making clear that it is not condoned.
One study of the Life Skills Training program found significantly lower use of
Project ALERT and Life Skills Training were included as examples of
Programs that Work, according to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
Primary prevention programs are aimed at
Young people who have not tried drugs
In the early 1970s, the Knowledge-Attitudes-Behavior model began to be questioned when it was learned that
Students with more knowledge about drugs had a more positive attitude toward drugs
Which of these is NOT one of the successful components included in the social influence model?
Discussing the penalties for getting caught with cigarettes
Which of these is NOT one of the Institute of Medicine’s classifications for prevention programs?
affective prevention
Out-of-school peer programs include peer influence approaches, as well as
Peer participation programs, such as community service
The ad campaign Above the Influence targets which age group?
DARE is one of the most widespread drug prevention programs in schools. Research on DARE has shown that
It has not produced lasting reductions in drug or alcohol use
The social influence model grew out of a 1976 paper describing a successful prevention approach aimed at
Cigarette smoking
The most consistent feature of workplace drug prevention programs has been
random urine testing
In the public health model, programs designed to reach people who have started using some substances and to prevent them from abusing these substances or moving to more dangerous substances, would be classified as
secondary prevention
Which of these was NOT discussed as an effective family-based drug prevention approach?
parenting, interactions and support (These are the effective family-based drug prevention approaches)
CBT approaches to treatment
Have the clients identify people, places, and behaviors associated with drug use.
Because of the potential danger of alcohol withdrawal symptoms, these symptoms are often prevented or treated by administering
Benzodiazepines
Besides methadone, another substitute medication has recently been approved for maintaining opioid dependent patients. It is
Buprenorphine
Giving the user rewards for drug-free urine samples
Is a form of contingency management
Which one of these is an agonist therapy?
Because most opioid dependent people prescribed naltrexone stop taking it,
researchers are testing a depot form that blocks heroin’s effects for up to 6 weeks.
Motivational enhancement therapy has as its goal
has as its goal helping the user move to another “stage of change.”
Both drug agonist (substitution) and antagonist treatments are included in the __________ phase of treatment.
maintenance
Although many medications have been tested for treating cocaine dependence, most have shown little promise and none has yet been approved. The most promising results have been found with
modafinil.
Is treatment for drug dependence effective?
Statistically, treatment does reduce crime and increase employment.
Which of these has NOT received FDA approval for use during the maintenance phase of alcohol
Rapid opioid detoxification is based on
Anesthetizing users and administering an antagonist, so that withdrawal occurs while they are asleep
substance that accounted for the most admissions in the Treatment Episode Data Set from 2009 was
The most common form of medical treatment for opioid dependence is
methadone maintenance
Before we can evaluate the success of a drug treatment program, we have to understand the program’s
Goals
Which of these is NOT an FDA-approved form of nicotine replacement therapy?
Studies of court-ordered referrals to Alcoholics Anonymous versus other types of interventions have
Not found differences in effectiveness between AA and other approaches
Although naltrexone has been used to treat alcohol dependence, it
Is an opioid antagonist, and it is not clear how it works with alcohol users.
The “therapeutic workplace” is an example of what approach to drug treatment?
Contingency management
Although no medication has yet received FDA approval for treating cannabis dependence, one has shown effectiveness in relieving cannabis withdrawal symptoms. That medication is
oral THC
Varenicline, approved in 2006 for smoking cessation.
Is a partial nicotine-receptor agonist.
Prevention of withdrawal symptoms using medications would be considered part of the ____________ process.
Detoxification