St. w/ excep ch. 4

The first public school special education classes in the United States were for
a. children with physical disabilities
b. children with intellectual disabilities
c. children with visual impairments
d. children with hearing impairments
b. children with intellectual disabilities
Which of the following changed all references of mental retardation in Federal statutes to intellectual disabilities?
a. IDEA 2004
b. PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
c. Diana v. Board of Education
d. Rosa’s Law
d. Rosa’s Law
All of the following are criteria for a diagnosis of intellectual disability except
a. deficits in adaptive behavior
b. significantly subaverage intelligence
c. concurrent sensory disabilities
d. manifestation during the developmental period
c. concurrent sensory disabilities
An intellectual disability is usually defined by an IQ that falls below
a.100
b. 90
c. 70
d. 80
c. 70
The difference between the AAIDD and the IDEA definition of intellectual disabilities is
a.age at manifestation is not a part of either definition
b. the qualifying IQ score is lower in the AAIDD definition
c.the effect on educational performance is only mentioned in the IDEA definition
d.adaptive behavior is found only in the IDEA definition
c.the effect on educational performance is only mentioned in the IDEA definition
Which of the following is not one of the five factors influencing human functioning as depicted in the AAIDD theoretical model?
a.Health
b.Academic success
c. tIntellectual abilities
d. Adaptive behavior
b.Academic success
Caleb is a student who needs limited and intermittent supports to function at school and in the community. Based on this knowledge, which of the following is most likely to represent his level of intellectual disability?
a. Profound
b. Severe
c. Moderate
d. Mild
d. Mild
Which of the following statements about IQ tests is not true?
a. Intelligence tests can be culturally biased.
b. Intelligence testing is not an exact science.
c. IQ tests measure performance at one point in time.
d. IQ test scores tend to be static.
d. IQ test scores tend to be static.
IQ tests are useful for all of the following purposes except
a.measuring a hypothetical construct
b. identifying overall
deficits in cognitive functioning
c. determining objectives for an IEP
d. predicting school achievement
c. determining objectives for an IEP
Which of the following best represents a deficit in adaptive behavior?
a. 14-year-old Rodney calls his friend a sissy wearing a hat in cold weather.
b. 12-year-old Chandler cannot cross the street without assistance.
c. 5-year old Darrell prefers velcro to laces on his shoes
d. 3 year-old Joey is afraid of the dark.
b. 12-year-old Chandler cannot cross the street without assistance.
A person’s adaptive behavior is usually assessed by
a. interviewing the person
b. administering a written test
c. interviewing someone who knows the person well
d. watching a person perform specific tasks
c. interviewing someone who knows the person well
Which of the following adaptive behavior assessments includes questions about adaptive and maladaptive behaviors?
a. ABS-S2
b. ABS II
c. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales
d. DABS
a. ABS-S2
Most students with mild intellectual disabilities are identified
a. in high school when curriculum becomes content oriented
b.shortly after birth
c. when they enter school
d. in preschool
c. when they enter school
Students with intellectual disabilities have ability similar to persons without disabilities in
a. short term memory
b. working memory
c. metacognition
d. long term memory
d. long term memory
Tony is a normally developing student in preschool. He learned to discriminate between a circle and a triangle in three trials. His classmate, Jay, has an intellectual disability. How many trials might Jay require to perform the same task?
a. 3
b.50
c. 30
d.10
c. 30
Which of the following statements about attention and students with intellectual disabilities is most accurate?
a. They are slower to attend to relevant features of a task.
b. They are more likely to focus on complex tasks rather than simple ones.
c. They have extreme difficulty coming to attention but can focus once a stimulus grabs their attention.
d. They have a great capacity for sustained attention.
a. They are slower to attend to relevant features of a task.
Which of the following exemplifies learned helplessness?
a. Brenda asks for help when she does not understand how to solve a math problem.
b. Ayden listens to the teacher as she gives directions.
c. Colleen counts on her fingers to multiply 4 × 9 because she does not know the answer.
d. Darla has studied for a spelling test but she refuses to write any of the words the teacher dictates.
d. Darla has studied for a spelling test but she refuses to write any of the words the teacher dictates.
Carlos is a student with an intellectual disability. Mrs. Busby, his teacher, just saw him copying from Jasmine’s paper rather than attempt a writing assignment on his own. How can she help Carlos be more independent?
a. She should give Carlos a lower grade for copying.
b. She should assign each student a different topic so that copying would be useless.
c. She should allow Carlos to choose a topic to write about.
d. She should punish Carlos for cheating.
c. She should allow Carlos to choose a topic to write about.
Which of the following is not true of learned helplessness and outer-directedness?
a. They often result from dependency on other people.
b. They may be caused by frequent failure.
c. They are an inherent characteristic of intellectual disabilities.
d. They are often seen as a lack of motivation.
c. They are an inherent characteristic of intellectual disabilities.
Which of the following is the best example of self-determination?
a. Gina asks to ride the bus to town with her cousin so she can learn to use public transportation.
b. Frances refuses to take a consumer math class because she hates math.
c. Janelle decides to ride to school with her mother because her mother says the students on the bus are too wild.
d. Holly decides to leave school during lunch period to celebrate a friend’s birthday at a restaurant.
a. Gina asks to ride the bus to town with her cousin so she can learn to use public transportation.
Social deficits displayed by students with intellectual disabilities include all of the following except
a. poor communication skills
b. inability to recall names
c. inability to recognize emotional states of others
d. unusual or inappropriate behavior during social interactions
b. inability to recall names
Which of the following statements about challenging behaviors and students with intellectual disabilities is true?
a. Students with severe intellectual disabilities generally exhibit fewer challenging behaviors.
b. Students with mild intellectual disabilities rarely display challenging behaviors.
c. Students with severe intellectual disabilities generally display more challenging behaviors.
d. The challenging behaviors displayed are usually caused by mental illness.
c. Students with severe intellectual disabilities generally display more challenging behaviors.
During the 2009-2010 school-year, what percentage of school-aged children received special education services under the disability category of intellectual disabilities?
a. 3.2 %
b. 12.4%
c. 10.1
d. 7.8%
d. 7.8%
The difference in the prevalence rates of intellectual disabilities is largely due to
a. differences in poverty rates
b. differences in availability of services
c. differences in criteria used for identification
d. differences in parental education
c. differences in criteria used for identification
The two most common genetic causes of intellectual disabilities are
a. Down syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
b. Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome
c. Prader Willi Syndrome and PKU
d. fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and Tay-Sachs disease
b. Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome
Marvin is a second grade student with a moderate intellectual disability. His teachers claim that he gnome costume for Halloween was perfect for him. They say that he is always happy and that he never meets a stranger. Recently his teacher had to stop him from leaving the classroom with a man who had come to fix the computer. Marvin displays characteristics of a person with1
a. PKU
b. Williams Syndrome
c. Prader-Willi syndrome
d. Fragile X syndrome
b. Williams Syndrome
All of the following are environmental causes of intellectual disabilities except
a. communication disorders
b. poverty
c. chronic sensory deprivation
d. child abuse
a. communication disorders
Which of the following is a maternal screening test that can identify pregnancies at risk for Down syndrome and spina bifid a?
a. AFP, alphafetoprotien
b. Chorionic villi sampling
c. Tandem mass spectrometry
d. phenylketonuria
a. AFP, alphafetoprotien
A new test for genetic abnormalities that can be done as early as five weeks into the pregnancy is done by
a. performing an ultrasound
b. removing chorionic tissue
c. detecting fetal DNA and RNA in the mother’s bloodstream
d. examining maternal serum
c. detecting fetal DNA and RNA in the mother’s bloodstream
Which of the following causes of intellectual disabilities is preventable?
a. Lead poisoning
b. Spina bifida
c. Chromosomal disorders
d. Single-gene disorders
a. Lead poisoning
Who was the first person to develop methods for educating persons with intellectual disabilities?
a. Bengt Nirje
b. Jean Itard
c. Lewis Terman
d. Edgar Doll
b. Jean itard
Which of the following statements about functional academic skills are true?
a. They are standardized.
b. They are the skills that are the easiest to learn.
c. They are easy to identify.
d. They are skills that are useful to a student.
d. They are skills that are useful to a student.
Which question is critical for teachers in determining which skills to include in a functional curriculum?
a. Will learning this knowledge/skill be frustrating?
b. Will this skill make the student more independent?
c. Will it be needed when the student is 21?
d. Will not learning the skill result in negative consequences?
c. Will it be needed when the student is 21?
Which of the following statements about self-determination is least accurate?
a. Self-determination is both a goal and a means for achieving other goals.
b. Self-determination is a lofty goal.
c. Self-determination cannot be taught to students in elementary school.
d. Self-determination requires a complex set of skills
c. Self-determination cannot be taught to students in elementary school.
Which of the following students would not need training in recruiting teacher attention?
a. A student who asks questions in a disruptive manner
b. A student who asks too many questions
c. A student who rarely asks questions
d. A student who asks subject oriented questions
d. A student who asks subject oriented questions
Breaking down complex skills into smaller subskills or steps to make learning easier is known as
a. direct instruction
b. task analysis
c. programmed instruction
d. applied learning
b. task analysis
Which of the following students would be identified as having difficulty with generalization of learning?
a. Billy can tie his sneakers but not his dress shoes.
b. Jacob has learned how to read music but he refuses to help his brother learn it.
c. Keelee can add three-digit numbers, but she can’t subtract them.
d. Melvin has learned to write his name in cursive at school, so he wants to write it at home and at church.
a. Billy can tie his sneakers but not his dress shoes.
During the practice stage of learning, feedback for students with intellectual disabilities should
a. be given after every 3rd response
b. emphasize the correct rate of skill performance
c. be given after every correct response
d. emphasize the effort that the student displayed during performance
b. emphasize the correct rate of skill performance
An instructional strategy that incorporates student’s familiarity with technology to teach needed skills in a variety of settings is
a. Cell Phone Prompting
b. iPod Video Modeling
c. Wii Simulations
d. Digital Dramas
b. iPod Video Modeling
Which of the following strategies is least likely to promote successful inclusion for students with intellectual disabilities?
a. Collaborative learning
b. Direct training in social skills
c. Common recess time
d. Peer tutoring
c. Common recess time