Sociology

MARK ALL THAT APPLY. The following 3 questions are the kind of questions a sociologist would ask:
(1) Why are some religious groups more successful at retaining new members than others? (2) How does social class shape a person’s career choices? (3) How does social media shape women’s body image? (4) What is the hormonal basis of gender differences?
(1) Why are some religious groups more successful at retaining new members than others? (2) How does social class shape a person’s career choices? (3) How does social media shape women’s body image?
According to Karl Marx, throughout history, social change has been sparked by:
a. discoveries made by explorers
b. class conflict
c. social movements
d. the pursuit of private property
B. class conflict
The following is a social institution:
Marriage
Family
Education
All of the above
None of the above
All of the above
Will, an African American teenager, enters a clothing store and a security guard immediately notices him and follows his actions on a security monitor. Will is aware of the security guard’s actions and adjust his own behavior to avoid a potential confrontation. This is an example of which sociological concept?
A. The generalized other
B. Double consciousness
C. Anomie
D. Positivism
B. Double consciousness
Roderica is concerned with the messages that her little sister receives from her elementary school teacher about a suitable careers. For example, class lessons portray nurses and secretaries as female, while doctors and engineers are male. Roderica’s concern is best described as _____
Feminist
Positivist
Functionalist
Symbolic interactionist
Feminist
All of the following are described the golden rules of ethical conduct in social research EXCEPT:
Do no harm.
Informed consent.
Never debrief.
Voluntary participation.
Never debrief.
We will write a custom essay sample on
Any topic specifically for you
For only $13.90/page
Order Now
What type of research method did Alice Goffman primarily use for her book On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City?
Content analysis
Tape recorded in-depth interviews.
Survey research.
Participant observation
Participant observation of Chuck and Tim.
You notice that one of your friends is making more money than one of your other friends, even though they have similar jobs. You have no idea why this could be, but you are interested in figuring it out. They are both women, they are form the same state, they like the same music, they work in the same area-but then you remember that one went to college and the other did not. You then see that they were making the same salaries while in high school, but after the first friend graduated from college, she got a huge raise. You can conclude that there is a correlation between college graduations and salary! What kind of approach did you take to conclude that college graduates make better salaries than high school graduates?
Logical approach
Inferential approach
Deductive approach
Inductive approach
Inductive approach
Hypothesis: Teenage girls who watch 8 or more hours of television per week are 4 times more likely to wear makeup than teenage girls who watch fewer than 8 or fewer hours of TV. In this hypothesis, what is the dependent variable?
Wearing make-up
Time
Television
Teenage girls
Wearing make-up
In her study, Darby uses church membership as an indicator of how religiosity in the United States. She discovers that some “very religious” people are not members of a church. Darby concludes that:
Religiosity is the independent variable.
Her measure of religiosity lacks validity.
Church attendance is a reliable indicator.
Church attendance and religiosity are not correlated.
Her measure of religiosity lacks validity, because church membership can’t be a variable for religiosity if some religious people aren’t church members.
A famous countrry singer was recently criticized by the news media for his song, “Good women stay at home.” In defense of his song, the singer said his lyrics were simply a projection of shared societal values and beliefs. According to sociologists, this singer used ____ to defend his music.
Hegemony
Political Ideology
Gender Roles
Reflection Theory
Reflection Theory
Reflection theory is limited because it:
Fails to take into account why somecultural products have staying power and others fall by the wayside.
Looks only at American culture.
Tends to state that society is not fair.
Is limited toa specific time in history.
Fails to take into account why somecultural products have staying power and others fall by the wayside.
Mass media conglomerates prioritize diversity in media as well as countercultural ideas and opinions.
True
False
False
MARK ALL THAT APPLY: Sociologist Alice Goffman’s Tedtalk about fugitive life in American city shows that:
The criminal justice system is toughest on poor people.
Increased incarceration does not necessarily lead to lower crime rates.
The United States puts more people in prison than any other country in the world.
The United States is the safest place in the world.
Police target poor black men and boys when they need to meet their arrest quotas.
The criminal justice system is toughest on poor people.
Increased incarceration does not necessarily lead to lower crime rates.
The United States puts more people in prison than any other country in the world.
Police target poor black men and boys when they need to meet their arrest quotas.
The use of stereotypes allows people to___
Pinpoint who is to blame for societal problems.
Classify individuals based on facts from the media.
Better understand cultural differences
Ignore complex, underlying issues that are difficult to talk about.
Ignore complex, underlying issues that are difficult to talk about.
Antonio Gramsci coined the term “hegemony” to mean that a dominant group wins “consent” of the masses through “moral and intellectual leadership.” His thoughts are closely related to:
Dalton Conley
Jane Addams
Emile Durkheim
Karl Marx
Karl Marx
Which of the following is considered an advanced stage of development, according to George Herbert Mead?
the game stage
the play stage
the imitation game
the me stage
the game stage
The experience of internalizing a culture’ss norms, values, and the like, is known as:
hegemony
socialization
reflection
ideology
socialization
MARK 2 ANSWERS
According to Lacy Green’s “How Disney Stereotypes Hurt Men” video, boys are socialized to believe that:
Being tough and aggresive is the way to get what you want
A real man should always know exactly what to do
Physical strength is important but not essential to being a “real” man
Women and girls can take care of themselves
Being tough and aggresive is the way to get what you want
A real man should always know exactly what to do
According to Pascoe, as a result of the fear towards being called a fag:
Boys avoid using the word fag in male-dominated spaces
Boys regulate their behaviors and the actions of their bodies
Boys socialize more frequently with girls
Boys avoid using the term in front of girls
Boys regulate their behaviors and the actions of their bodies
____ refers to a social position while ____ designates socially expected behavior.
Role; class
Role; status
Class; status
Status; role
Status; role
Janet has a paper due in her English class, a test in her psychology class, and field notes due in her anthropology class this week. On top of it all, she needs to meet with her advisor to plan out classes for next semester. Janet is experiencing:
role conflict
role strain
status pressure
status incongruity
role strain
We all know that we “act” a certain way depending on the context. In a job interview, we generally “put our best foot forward.” When we meet for a family dinner, we watch our language. According to Goffman, in each of these interactions we are engaging in _____.
script breaches
role games
status games
impression management
impression management
Venus Williams is one of the to women’s tennis players in the world. This status overrides all of her other statuses and is known as her:
ascribed status
achieved status
status set
master status
master status
In which of the following situations would the process of resocialization most likely occur?
a child gets a new coach halfway through the season
an employee must learn to deal with a new boss
a marketing director of a large firm is sent to prison for embezzlement
a student at a community college transfers to another community college in the same town
a marketing director of a large firm is sent to prison for embezzlement