sociology exam 2 ch 4

anticipatory socialization
when we prepare for future life roles
degradation ceremony
the process by which new members of a total institution lose aspects of
their old identity and are given new ones
generalized other
the common behavioral expectations of general society
hidden curriculum
the informal teaching done in schools that socializes children to societal norms.
moral development
the way people learn what is “good” and “bad” in society
nature
the influence of our genetic makeup on self-development
nurture
the role that our social environment plays in self-development
peer group
a group made up of people who are similar in age and social status and who share interests.
resocialization
the process by which old behaviors are removed and new behaviors are learned in their place
self
a person’s distinct sense of identity as developed through social interaction
socialization
the process of people understanding societal norms and expectations, accept society’s beliefs, and values
socialization (notes)
the lifelong process where we acquire a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society.
looking-glass self
charles horton cooley
i am what i think you think i am
“mirror”
George Herbert Mead
Development of self
described how the self develops
the self is composed of the “I” and the “Me”
I: your born with/you are a certain way, selfish as a child. creative, impulsive, and spontaneous
Me: Rules that stops your I selfishness, internalized socials roles.

he watched children
book: “mind, self, and society”
written by his students not him.
he gets the self down to 2 parts
BLANK SLATE: the i and me.

Meads stages
ROLE TAKING
learning to role-take occurs in stages
STAGE 1: (2 yrs) no distinction between self and other. self-centered.
STAGE 2: (2-6 yrs) distinguishes between self and others. imitates parents. learns role taking. playing pretend. taking on only one role at a time.
STAGE 3: (6 and older( understand and anticipates multiple roles. connects to society through the GENERALIZED OTHER.
analog he uses to distinguish between play and game stage
baseball
t-ball:all chase the ball at the same time. play stage.
big league: understand other are playing roles. game stage.
Primary Socialization agents
people who teach us the rules of society.
person, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know to participate in society.
parents/family=primary
siblings/schools: other social agents
school
socialization agent
hidden curriculum: rules on how to behave/socialize
enhances cognitive development
transmits knowledge
teaches us to think in different ways