Sociology ch 6

The process by which people act and react in relation to others is called
Social interaction
Which of the following concepts defines a social position that a person holds
Status
At any given time you occupy a number of statuses. These statuses make up your
Status set
What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntarily assumed later in life
Ascribed status
Which concept refers to a social position that is assumed voluntarily and that reflects a significant measure of personal ability and effort
Achieved status
Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life?
Master status
Julie is a police officer who finds that wherever she goes in her small town, people seem to think of her as a cop. Julie is experiencing the effects of
Master status
Anbar is an honors student. In sociological terms, being an honors students is an example of
Achieved status
Which item in the following list might serve as an achieved status?
Occupation
Sociologists use what concept to refer to behavior that people expect from someone who holds a particular status
Role
A role set refers to
A number of roles attached to a single status
What is the concept that refers to the conflict among roles corresponding to two or more statuses
Role conflict
Shawna is an excellent artist, but as a mother, she feels that she cannot work and devote enough time to her family. She is experiencing
Role conflict
which concept refers to the tension among roles connected to a single status?
Role strain
Which concept is involved when a surgeon chooses not to operate on her own son because the personal involvement of motherhood could impair her professional objectivity as a physician?
Role conflict
what is the term for the process by which people disengage from important social roles?
Role exit
which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?
social construction of reality
Flirting is a playful way of seeing if someone is interested in you without risking outright rejection. From this point of view, flirting illustrates
the social construction of reality
the thomas theorem states that
situations defined as real are real in their consequences
twitter and facebook are examples of
social media
the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as
dramaturgical analysis
which sociologist developed the approach called dramaturgical analysis?
Erving Goffman
what does the term “presentation of self” mean?
efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
according to erving Goffman, we engage in a ______ when we use costumes, props, tone of voice, and gestures to convey information to others
performance
a _______ might be a prop in the classroom performance of a professor
lectern
Research suggests that
women “Read” men better than men “read” women
Nonverbal communication refers to
body movements, gestures, and facial expressions
An important element of nonverbal communication is
body language
The careful observer can notice clues indicating that someone is telling a lie. People give off these clues because
nonverbal communication is hard for most people to control
“personal space” refers to
the surrounding area over which an individual makes some claim to privacy