sociology #3

gender refers to
the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
gender is a matter of not just difference but also of differences in
all of the above
do women or men live longer
on average, women outlive men by about five years
female and male athletes over time shows
women have been closing the gap with men in most athletic performances
point of describing gender in the israeli kibbutzim is to show
cultures define gender in different ways
social organization in which males dominate females
social organization in which females dominate males
where is womens social power lowest compared to that of a man
attitudes and activities that a society links to poeple of each sex
gender roles
what courses do men outnumber women
the sciences
what share of todays us women are working for income
60 percent
a majority of us women in which of the following categories are in the labor force
all of the above
glass ceiling
the barrier that prevents women from reaching the top
important exception to male domination of the us workplace
women now own more than 6 million small businesses
which category of us population is true that women do most of the housework
all of the above
in 2007 women in the labor force working full time earned …… as much as men
78 percent
about what share of our countrys richest people are women
10 percent
as of 2007 women held about what share of seats in congress
16 percent
what nation does the greatest political power of women come closest to that of men
women have served in the us armed forces
since colonial times`
reason to see women as a minority in the us
at every class level women have less income wealth education and power than men do
intersection theory explains that which of the following is a source of social disadvantage
all of the above
where would reduce violence against women the most
the home
what percentage of rapes and attempted rapes does the woman know her attacher
90 percent
most cases of female genital mutilation occur in which of the following places
sexual harassment is an important social issue becasue
half of working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention
structural functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages
growing gender equality
talcott parsons explained that males tend toward…… behavior, while females are more…….
instrumental; expressive
engels claimed that mens desire to control their property brought about
the rise of industry
type of feminism accepts the basic organization of us society but seeks to give women the same rights and opportunities as men
liberal feminism
type of feminism seeks to end patriarchy by eliminating the idea of gender itself
radical feminism
opposition to feminism
directed mostly at socialist and radical feminism
class at new yorks bronx community college explains that
many people have mixed racial and ethnic ancestry
human beings are all
members of a single biological species
race refers to…… considered important by a society; ethnicity refers to…..
biological traits; cultural traits
family moves and gradually loses cultural traditons is modifying their
what is the largest minority category within the us population
people of hispanic descent
in the us minorities typically have less
all of the above
african americans account for what percentage of the us population
12.8 percent
statement about prejudice is true
all of the above
using the social distance scale you can correctly say that us college students today
all of the above
scapegoat theory states that prejudice is created by
frustration among disadvantaged people
authoritarian personality theory states that extreme prejudice is
a trait of certain individuals
conflict theory states that prejudice is
used by powerful people to justify oppressing others
while prejudice is a matter of…… discrimination is a matter of ……
attitude; action
institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that
bias is built into the operation in social institutions
idea that prejudice and discrimination form a vicious cycle means that
bias is easily continued over time
claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one application
the thomas theorem
the us is not pluralistic becasue
all of the above
assimilation refers to the pattern by which
minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant category
negro leagues is an example of
douglas massey and nancy denton documented which pattern in the us inner cities
killing of people in the darfur region of africa is a recent example of
when europeans arrived in the americas , native americans
had inhabited this land for 30,000 years
native americans gained the right to us citizenship in
american dilemma
the denial of basic rights to african americans by a so called democratic society
what is correct
all of the above
largest category of asian americans in the united states is people of …… ancestry
which category of the us population is most likely to own and operate a small business
korean americans
hispanic population of the us is
concentrated in the west and also in southern florida
arab americans are a us minority that
all of the above
white ethnics
non-wasps of european ancestry
what world region do most of todays immigrants come
latin america and asia
as a social institution the economy
all of the above
which of the following have brought the greatest changes to the economy
productive technology
which of the following is not one of the technological revolutions that transformed all of social life
the immigration revolution
as societies industrialized a smaller share of the population works in which of the following locations
all of the above
industrial revolution was based on
new sources of energy
the postindustrial economy is defined by
service work and computer technology
what sector of the economy generates raw materials directly from the natural environment
primary sector
turning metals into automobiles is work that falls within the
secondary sector
the primary sector is the largest in
low income nations
expansion of office work marks the growth of the economys
tertiary sector
about what percentage of the labor force perform tertiary sector work
78 percent
global economy
expanding economic activity that moves across national borders
in a capitalist economic system justice amounts to
freedom of the marketplace where a person can follow seft interest
the us is mostly capitalist nation because
the vast majority of productive businesses are privately owned
socialism is an economic system in which there is
all of the above
in a socialist economic system justice amounts to
trying to meet the basic needs of all in a equal manner
political and economic system that combines a mostly market based economy with extensive social welfare programs
welfare capitalism
a country with a mostly private economy and extensive social welfare programs is
state capitalism
privately owned companies cooperate closely with the government
contrasted to socialist economic systems capitalist economic systems typically
generate more economic inequality
capitalist systems emphasize peoples……. while socialist systems emphasize peoples……….
freedom to pursue their self interest; freedom from basic want
over the course of the last century the number of poeple involved in agricultural work
has declined steadily
yesterdays family farms have given way to
corporate agribusinesses
primary labor market
jobs that provide extensive benefits to workers
in recent decades union membership
has declined in the us and other high income nations
which category of the us population is showing the greatest labor force increase in terms of percentage
hispanic women
computers are having which of the following effects on the workplace
all of the above
domination of a market by a few producers
modernization theorists see large corporations as
responsible for the debt crisis in many poor nations
dependency theorists see large corporations as
intensifying global inequality
politics is a social institution that is defined in terms of a society
distribution of power, goals and decision making
max weber defined power as
the ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance
preindustrial societies explained max weber are characterized by having
mostly traditional authority
industrialization increases the importance of which type of authority
traditional authority
the essential difference between power and authority is that
people perceive authority as legitimate rather than coercive
people who attract followers like martin luther king display
charismatic authority
political system in which of single family rules from generation to generation
in max webers view monarchy claims legitimacy based on
traditional authority
political system in which power resides in the hands of the people as a whole
why is the us not a true democracy
both a and b but not c
in 2008 about what percentage of the worlds people lived in countries that can be considered politically free
46 percent
political economy
the interplay of politics and economics
capitalist societies base their claim to democracy on
people having personal liberty
socialist societies base their claim to democracy on
meeting the basic needs of all
totalitarian political system
concentrates power and closely regulates peoples lives
gun lobby is an example of a
special interest group
which of the following statements about political parties in the us is true
national political power tends to swing from one party to the other over time
in the us………… people tend to vote democratic while….. people mostly vote republican
urban; rual
in the 2008 election what percentage of voters went to the pole
63 percent
a pluralist approach to the us political system suggest that
power is widely dispersed throughout society
a power elite approach to the us political system suggests that
an anti democratic bias exists in the capitalist system
a factor encouraging political revolution
all of the above
terrorism refers to
the use or threat of violence as a political strategy by an individual or group
the use of violence of governments often against their own people
state terrorism
which of the following us wars was the most deadly in terms of loss of lives
the war in iraq
about how much annually does the us spend on military
1.2 trillion
the military industrial complex refers to
the close link between the government defense contractors and the militrary
what strategy has kept the peace between the worlds nuclear superpwers