Sociology 201 Exam 3 Dr. Boydstun Latech

racial group
describes a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social signigicance
ethnic group
is set apart from others primarily because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns
minority group
subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than the members of a dominant group have over theirs
racial formation
a sociohistorical process in which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed and destroyed
prejudice
negative attitude torward an entire category of people often an ethnic or racial minority
ethnocentrism
the tendency to assume that ones own culture and way of life represent the norm or are superior to all others
racism
the belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
stereotypes
unreliable generalizations about all members of a group that do not recognize individual differences within the group
color blind racism
is the use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo
discrimination
the denial of oppurtunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or other arbitrary reasons
glass ceiling
refers to an invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of their gender, race, or ethnicity
white privalage
refers to rights or immunities granted to people as a particular benefit or favor simply because they are white
affirmative action
positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs
in sociological terms, members of a minority group
experience unequal treatment
which sociological perspective views the economic structure as a central factor in the exploitation of minority groups
conflict perspective
the practice of assuming that people who fit certain descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is referred to as
racial profiling
genocide refers to
deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation
segregation refers to
physically separating two groups, an action often imposed on a minority group by a dominant group
which population group represents the largest minority in the U.S.
Latinos
which term refers to expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities, of males and females
gender roles
functionalists view gender roles in which of the following ways
gender roles are necessary to keep the family in balance
which perspective suggests that men may originally have become more powerful in preindustrial times because their size, physical strength and freedom from childbearing duties allowed them to dominate women physically, but in contemporary societies such considerations are not so important
conflict persepctive
the ideology that one sex is superior to the other is known as
sexism
which term refers to the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of a society
institutional discrimination
women do the majority of housework in
all countries
women earn what percent of every dollar a man earns
80 percent
which term refers to an advantage that men have when employed in female dominated occupations
glass escalator
the belief in social, economic, and politcal equality for women is referred to as
feminism
the textbook refers to “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity as
health
culture contributes to differences in medical care and even how health is defined
true
the medicalization of society refers to the
growing role of medicine as a major institution of social control
which theoretical perspective views medicine as a form of social control
conflict persepvtive
In examining health illness and medicine as a social institution, which sociological perspective generally focuses on micro-level study of the roles played by health care professionals and patients
interactionist perspective
women have shorter life spans due to their lifestyle choices
false
younger people are more likely to be hospitalized than elderly people, die to the lifestyles and risks taken more often by young people compared to older people
false
morbidity rates are the
incidence of diseases in a given population
research in the US and other countries has consistently shown that people in the lower classes have
higher rates of mortality and disability
in what year did the US government enact both medicare and medicaid – two national health care programs receiving federal funding
1965