Social Studies Final Exam Review Ch 13

Who constructed the first mechanical reaper
Cyrus McCormick
By 1869 the midwest and the east were united by a network of
railroad tracks
With other workers of the same skills, workers formed
trade unions
Famine caused people from which country to immigrate to the US
Ireland
Arriving between 1820 and 1860 the second largest group of immigrants was from
Germany
What was “king” and the main topic of conversation in the South?
cotton
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a shortage of what would have devastating consequences for the south during the civil war
railroads
What large group of southerners owned small farms about 50 -200 acres
yeomen
who watched over the enslaved household workers and tended to them when they became ill
plantation wife
Most enslaved people on plantations worked as
field hands
Land, labor and capital are often called
factors of production
who led a group of enslaved African Americans in rebellion against their slaveholders in 1831
Nat Turner
most factory workers lived in
slums
to put pressure on employers, workers staged
strikes
many immigrants from which country became servants and factory workers
Ireland
What transformed the stagnant economy of the South into a prosperous, robust economy
cotton
The largest group of whites in the south were
yeomen
What group of Southerners measured their wealth partly by the number of enslaved people they controlled
plantation farmers
Enslaved people needed an extended family because the
could be sold
what made it a crime to teach enslaved people to read or write
slave codes
How many phases to complete the industrialization of the North
3
in 1852 there were 23,000 miles of
telegraph lines in the US
The mechanical reaper was invented by
Cyrus McCormick
In 1842 a Mass Court ruled it was legal for workers to
strike
Nativists
formed the Know Nothing political party in the US
Eli Whitney invented the
cotton gin
What transformed the economy of the South
cotton gin
Important transportation in the south
waterways
1808 congress outlawed
slave trade
The south had low literacy rates
because fewer people in the south attended school
Peter Cooper
built first US Steam Locomotive
nativists
members of know nothing party
credit
a form of a loan
Samuel Morse
transmitted first telegraph message
Nat Turner
enslaved African American who rebelled
industry
the North’s main income
cotton gin
increased cotton production
overseer
plantation manager
agriculture
the South’s main income
fixed costs
regular expenses