The belief that others are paying more attention to our appearance and behavior than they really are.
Illusion of Transparency
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others.
What we know and believe about ourselves.
Beliefs about self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant info.
Image of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future.
Evaluating one’s abilities and opinions by comparing oneself with others.
The concept of giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.
Construing one’s identity as an autonomous self.
Giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly.
Construing one’s identity in relation to others.
The tendency to underestimate how long it will take to complete a task.
Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events.
Dual Attitude system
Differing implicit and explicit attitudes toward the same object.
The human tendency to underestimate the speed and strength of the “psychological immune system” which enables emotional recovery and resilience after bad things happen.
A persons overall self-evaluation of sense of self-worth.
A sense that one is competent and effective, different from self esteem.
The sense of hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated bad events.
Self Serving Bias
The tendency to perceive oneself favorably.
The adaptive value of anticipating problems and harnessing one’s anxiety to motivate effective action.
False Consensus Effect
The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s opinions and one’s undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors.
False Uniqueness Effect
The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s abilities and one’s desirable or successful behaviors.
Group Serving Bias
Explaining away outgoup member’s positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions.
Protecting one’s self image with behaviors that create an excuse for later failure.
The act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that corresponds to one’s ideals.
Being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one’s performance to create the desired impression.