Social Psychology – David Meyers 11th Edition – Chapter 2 "The Self in a Social World"

Spotlight Effect
The belief that others are paying more attention to our appearance and behavior than they really are.
Illusion of Transparency
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others.
Self concept
What we know and believe about ourselves.
Self schema
Beliefs about self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant info.
Possible selves
Image of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future.
Social comparison
Evaluating one’s abilities and opinions by comparing oneself with others.
Individualism
The concept of giving priority to one’s own goals over group goals and defining one’s identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.
Independent Self
Construing one’s identity as an autonomous self.
Collectivism
Giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly.
Interdependent Self
Construing one’s identity in relation to others.
Planning Fallacy
The tendency to underestimate how long it will take to complete a task.
Impact Bias
Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion-causing events.
Dual Attitude system
Differing implicit and explicit attitudes toward the same object.
Immune Neglect
The human tendency to underestimate the speed and strength of the “psychological immune system” which enables emotional recovery and resilience after bad things happen.
Self Esteem
A persons overall self-evaluation of sense of self-worth.
Self Efficacy
A sense that one is competent and effective, different from self esteem.
Learned Helplessness
The sense of hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated bad events.
Self Serving Bias
The tendency to perceive oneself favorably.
Defensive Pessimism
The adaptive value of anticipating problems and harnessing one’s anxiety to motivate effective action.
False Consensus Effect
The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s opinions and one’s undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors.
False Uniqueness Effect
The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s abilities and one’s desirable or successful behaviors.
Group Serving Bias
Explaining away outgoup member’s positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions.
Self Handicapping
Protecting one’s self image with behaviors that create an excuse for later failure.
Self Presentation
The act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that corresponds to one’s ideals.
Self Monitoring
Being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one’s performance to create the desired impression.