Shakespeare study guide

William Shakespeare
lifespan:1563-1616
born in Stratford-on-Avon, England
wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets
he started out as an actor-for Lord Chamberlain’s Men
– was principal playwright them
-The company built Globe Theater where most of Sh. Play’s were performed.
Comedies-end happily
Histories-non-fiction
Tragedies-most people die
Romeo and Juliet
written about 1595
considered a tragedy
Theater
Plays produced for the general public.
Roofless open air
No artificial lighting
Spectators
Poor people had to stand a.k.a. Groundlings
All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterate
More interaction with the crowd than today
Staging areas
Stage /platform that extended into the pit
Dressing and storage rooms in galleries behind the stage
Second level gallery famous r. J .
Trap doors
Differences
scenery
Setting in dialogue
Elaborate costumes
Plenty of props
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Actors
Only men and boys
No women
Boys whose voices hadn’t changed played woman roles
Blank verse
Unrhymed verse
Iambic
Pentameter
10 syllables
Prose
Ordinary writing that is not poetry drama or song
Inciting moment
The initial incident.
Crisis
The part where things get bad of good
Climax
The peak of the story
Resolution
End of the central conflict
Denouement
The final explanation or outcome of the plot
Fate
Flaw of flat flee
Combination of the 2
Theme
Center or moral of the story
Dramatic foil
A character who shows off another character
Simile
Comparing using like or as
Metaphors
Comparisons of two things without using like or as