SAT practice Chemistry college board

The combustion of fuels containing sulfur leads to the production of acid rain
sulfur oxides form acid solutions in water.
At the same temperature and pressure, 1 L of hydrogen gas and 1 L of neon gas have the same mass
False. Not true because =moles doesn’t mean =mass
equal volumes of ideal gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of moles.
True. According to the ideal gas law ( P V = n R T), if P, V, and T are the same for two different gases, then n (the number of moles) must be the same.
Ideal Gas Law
Transition Element
ductile and malleable, and conduct electricity and heat
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orbital order from left to right
s, d, (f), p
vertical, going down atomic mass and radius increase
network covalent
large molecular structures, strong covalent bonding, share qualities of IONIC AND COVALENT
atomic number
Number of protons in an atom
mass number
the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus
Ionization energy
Energy required to remove an electron from an atom. decreases going down a group
having a pair of equal and opposite charges
A measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to attract electrons
activity series
A list of elements organized according to the ease with which the elements undergo certain chemical reactions.
Brønsted base
proton acceptor
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
It can be prepared by the action of acid on limestone.
It is used to extinguish fires.
It dissolves in water at room temperature.
It sublimes rather than melts at 20 degrees C and 1 atmosphere pressure.
Agent of change
reduce the activation energy of the reaction
any chemical change in which one species is oxidized (loses electrons) and another species is reduced (gains electrons); also called redox reaction
A process that separates the substances in a solution based on their boiling points
A reaction involving the addition of water
reactions of acids and bases…
acids react with bases to form salts and water