Salah: Spiritual Nourishment of the Soul
Salat: Salah Is ordained on Muslims five times a day and Is essentially the spiritual nourishment of the soul of the believer as well as the divine connection between Allah and the believer.There are 5 prayers throughout the day: Fajr (predawn), Dhuhr (afternoon), Asr (post-afternoon), Maghrib (evening), Isha (night).Salat In Qur’an: 1 .
Establishing Salah Develops Taqwa (Fear and Awareness of Allah) : “This Is the Book In which there is no doubt, a guidance for those who have taqwa; who believe In the unseen, and who establish Salah, and spend out of what we have provided for them” (2: 2-3) 2.
Salah Is the Sign ofa Believer : “The believers, men and women, are protecting friends of one another; they enJoln good and forbid evil, and they establish Salah, and give Zakah, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them, and surely, Allah is All-Mighty, All- Wise. ” (9: 71) 3. Establishing Salah Leads to Allah’s Eternal Blessings : “So whatever you have been given is but (a passing) enjoyment for this worldly life, but that which Is with Allah is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their trust In their Lord. And those who avoid the great sins and lewdness, and when they are angry. hey forgive.
And those who answer the Call of their Lord, and perform the Salah, and who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them. ” (42:36-38) 4. Those Who Pray Shall Have Nothing to Fear on the Day of Judgment : “Truly, those who believe and do righteous deeds, and perform Salah, and give Zakah, they will have their reward with their Lord. on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. ” (2:277) 5. Remain in Allah’s remembrance after prayer : “When have finished performing the Salah, remember Allah standing, sitting, and eclining, but when you are free from danger, perform the Salah.
Surely, Salah Is en]olned on the believers at fixed times. ” (4:103) 6. Command to Pray with Congregation : “And establish Salah and give Zakah, and bow down (in worship) along with those who bow down (in worship)” (2:43) 7. Special Command Regarding Punctuality of Prayer : “Guara strlctly tne salan, especlally obedience. ” (2:238) 8. Allah’s Help Comes Through Salah : e Saa . Ana stand DeTore Allan w “Seek help through patience and Salah; truly it is extremely difficult except for the humble true believers. ” (2:45) “Oh you who believe! Seek help through patience and Salah. Truly, Allah is with those who are patient. (2:153) 9. Special Emphasis on Friday Prayer . “Oh you who believe! When the call is made for the Salah on Friday, come to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off business. That is better for you, if you only knew! And when the Salah has ended, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah, and remember Allah much so that you may be successful. ” (62:09-10) 10. Prayer Protects Against Evils : “Recite that which has been revealed to you of the Book, and perform Salah. Verily, Salah prevents from lewdness and evils. And indeed, the remembrance of Allah (by you) is greatest.
And Allah knows what you do. ” (29:45) Necessary WaJib Acts of Salat : 1 . Starting the prayer with the Takbir, Allah-u Akbar; 2. Reciting the Fatiha completely; 3. Reciting a Surah (chapter) of the Qur’an after the Fatiha in the first two rakats of any obligatory prayer and in all the rakats of the Odd-Numbered Prayer (Salat al-Witr) and again in all the rakats of any optional (nafllah) prayer; 4. Reciting the Fatiha before the additional Surah (chapter); 5. When prostrating, placing the forehead and the nose on the ground together; 6. Performing the two prostrations (saJdas) successively; 7.
Paying attention to “tadil arkan”(i. e. to perform all pillars of the prayer with ease, not shortening them; 8. In the three-rakat or four-rakat prayers, sitting at the completion of the second rakat; 9. Reciting at-Tahiyyatu at the end of the second rakat and when one sits before one has made salaam (salutation); 10. When performing any of the obligatory three-rakat and four-rakat prayers, the Odd- Numbered Prayer (Salat al-Witr) and the first sunnah part of the Noon Prayer (Salat az Zuhr), standing up for the third rakat as soon as one has recited the at-Tahiyyatu t the and of the second rakat; 11.
When performed in congregation, the prayer leader (imam) reciting aloud the Fatiha and the additional surahs of the Qur’an in the two obligatory rakats of the Morning Prayer (Salat al-FaJr), in the first two rakats of the obligatory rakats of the Sunset Prayer (Salat al-Maghrib) and the Late Evening Prayer (Salat al’lsha), in the Friday Assembly Prayer (Salat al-Jum’a), and in both the Festival Prayers (Ela Prayers); 12 Agaln, In tne larawln Prayer ana tne oaa-NumDerea Prayer following it in the month of Ramadan, the imam’s reciting aloud the Fatiha and the additional surahs; 13.
In the obligatory sections of the Noon Prayer (Salat az-Zuhr) and the Late Afternoon Prayer (Salat al-Asr), the imam’s reciting silently the Fatiha and the additional surahs of the Noble Qur’an; 14. While following the Imam, not reciting anything but remaining silent; 15. Reciting the Qunut Supplications in the Odd-Numbered Prayer (Salat al-Witr) 16. Performing the additional Takbirs in the Eid Prayers; 17. Giving salaam at the end of the prayer; 18. Making saJdah sahw (prostration for forgetfulness) at the end of a prayer if a mistake has been made in it; 19. Making a prostration after finishing an ayat where a aJdah is called for.
Necessary Farz Acts of Salat : 1 . At-Tahrimah (the first Allahu Akbar 2. Qiyam (standing) 3. Qira’ah (recitation of Quran) ever if it be an Ayah. 4. Ruku 5. SJdah 6. The final sitting for the duration of Tashshahud Importance And Significance of Salat : Those who are steadfast in seeking the face of their Lord, and establish salat and give from the provision We have given them, secretly and openly, and stave off evil with good, it is they who will have the ultimate Abode. (Surat ar-Ra’d,22) The salat is a religious observance that believers are commanded to perform throughout the ourse of their lives, the times of which have been stipulated.