Research Paper Study Guide

MLA
Modern Language Association; Guidelines for documenting and citing sources during a research project. Style guide for citing sources. Made in 1883.
primary source
An original document containing the observations, ideas, and conclusions of an individual. It is a firsthand account presented by someone present or actively participating in the event. Examples include manuscripts, photographs, oral histories, and personal journals.
secondary source
Information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
cite
to quote; to mention; to summon to appear in court; to commend, recommend
credible
Believable
citation
A note, inserted into the text of a research paper that refers the reader to a source in the bibliography
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hook
Gets the readers attention; catchy
working outline
an outline that guides you during the initial stages of topic development, helping to keep you focused on your general purpose and clarify your specific purpose
paraphrase
Restate text or passage in other words, often to clarify meaning or show understanding.
summary
A brief condensation of the main idea or plot of a work. A summary is similar to a paraphrase, but less detailed.
plagiarism
a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work
source
A book, article, person, or other resource consulted for information
thesis statement
a statement or sentence that states the purpose of a paper or essay
topic sentence
A sentence, most often appearing at the beginning of a paragraph, that announces the paragraph’s idea and often unites it with the work’s thesis.
direct quote
Quoting directly from an article word for word exactly as the author wrote it
evaluative research paper
Collect and analyze data about quality/effectiveness of programs
report
A collection of writing that carries information about one subject/topic
parenthetical citation
MLA in-text citation typically consisting of the source author’s name and a page number or in the case of no author, a key word from the title
in-text citation
Material included in parentheses within your paper to identify your source
works cited
a complete listing of references cited parenthetically in the report and keyed on a separate page