Reading Vocabulary Study Guide

plot triangle
the structure of most stories is exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution
exposition
beginning of the story that establishes the setting, introduces some of the major characters, explains background, and introduces the characters’ main conflict
rising action
the series of events that lead to the climax of the story, usually the conflicts and struggles of the protagonist; drama intensifies
protagonist
the principal or main character in a work of fiction; the hero or “good guy”
climax
the high point of interest or suspense in a story; the turning point
falling action
the part of the plot after the climax, when the drama lessens and the conflict is resolved
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resolution
the end result, the outcome of the story; the conclusion
infer
to conclude based on information given
setting
exposed (exposition) or reveals where and when the story takes place, characters, and the conflict (problem)
character traits
help define the personality of the character and are based on the what the character says and their actions
theme
the central message of idea expressed in a story; answers the question, “What did you learn from this?”; the lesson learned
compare and contrast
when comparing and contrasting, you look for similarities and differences
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces; there are 3 main types of conflict; character vs. character(s), character vs. nature, and character vs. self
assertion
a statement, declaration, or claim
evidence
support or proof
fiction
a made-up story about real or imaginary people or events
novel
an extended fictional work in written language; usually in the form of a story; a novel is longer in length than a short story
works cited
an alphabetical listing of sources quoted or used to create a work; the purpose is to give the author of the source (work) proper credit
simile
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared, often using “like” or “as”; (example) The clouds were like ice cream castles.
metaphor
a figure of speech that states that one thing is something else; but literally, it is not; (example) He pleaded for her forgiveness, but Anna’s heart was cold iron.
sensory imagery
descriptive language that is intended to appeal to the reader’s senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell) and is used by an author to make the writing more interesting